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An Overview of Anglicanism

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An Overview of Anglicanism Resources used for this Presentatipon 1) anglican.org/church/index.html 2) www.anglican.org/church/ChurchHistory – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Overview of Anglicanism


1
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Resources used for this Presentatipon
  • 1) anglican.org/church/index.html
  • 2) www.anglican.org/church/ChurchHistory
  • 3) www.montreal.anglican.org/parish/
  • rawdon/anglican church history.htm
  • 4) www.allsaintsjakarta.org/anghist.htm -
  • 5) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Church_of_En
    gland
  • 6) YellowPages.ca
  • 7) Personal Collections Understanding

2
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Brief Introduction
  • The name "Anglican" means "of England", but the
    Anglican Church exists worldwide.
  • There are nearly 70 million members of the
    Anglican family in 37 self-governing Provinces in
    more than 160 countries.
  • During the English Reformation the church broke
    away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman
    Catholic Church.

3
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Organization
  • The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop
    and principal leader of the Church of England,
    the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican
    Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese
    of Canterbury
  • The current archbishop is Rowan Williams. He is
    the 104th in a line that goes back more than 1400
    years to St Augustine of Canterbury, who founded
    the oldest see in England in 597.

4
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Primates' Meeting
  • The Anglican Communion Primates' Meetings are
    regular meetings of the Anglican Primates
  • There are currently 38 Primates.
  • The Archbishop of Canterbury chairs the meetings.

5
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Lambeth Conferences
  • Every 10 years there is a Lambeth Conference
    at which all of the bishops of the Anglican
    Communion gather to debate issues of doctrine.
  • Anglican Consultative Council
  • The Anglican Consultative Council meets at 3
    year intervals, with representations of bishops,
    clergy, and laity chosen by the thirty-eight
    provinces.

6
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Bishops , at the very center of the Anglican
    church are its bishops. Worldwide there are some
    900 living Anglican bishops.
  • Dioceses, which are the fundamental unit of
    church administration and governance, combine
    administratively to form provinces

7
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Episcopal polity is a form of church governance
    which is hierarchical in structure with the chief
    authority over a local Christian church resting
    in a bishop.
  • There is no central authority of the Anglican
    Church.
  • The rules under which a church is governed are
    called canon law.

8
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Theology
  • Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements
    in keeping with its status as a church in the
    Catholic tradition and a church of the
    Reformation.
  • Formal doctrine of Anglican churches in other
    countries generally inherited the doctrinal
    apparatus of the Church of England, consisting
    most commonly an adaptation of the Thirty-Nine
    Articles and the Quadrilateral into general
    principles.

9
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Seven Sacraments
  • (39 articles describes them)
  • two sacraments Baptism and the Eucharist
    ordained by Christ
  • Other five sacraments- Confession and absolution,
    Holy Matrimony, Confirmation, Oridination
    Anointing of the Sick

10
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Thirty-Nine Articles
  • They are divided, into four sections
  • Articles 1-8, "The Catholic Faith"
  • Articles 9-18, "Personal Religion"
  • Articles 19-31, "Corporate Religion"
  • Articles 32-39, "Miscellaneous."

11
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Liturgy and Worship
  • Book of Common Prayer forms the historical basis
    for most Anglican liturgy around the world
  • Morning and Evening PrayerEucharist  
    Liturgical Year
  • The Books of Homilies are two books of
    thirty-three sermons developing the reformed
    doctrines of the Anglican Communion in greater
    depth and detail than in the Thirty-Nine Articles
    of Religion.

12
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Anglican Church of Canada (Structure)
  • Congregation A gathering of Christians for
    worship in a particular place.
  • Parish A gathering of Christians for worship in
    a particular place. 
  • Deanery A grouping of parishes within a diocese,
    headed by a Regional Dean, that meet on a regular
    basis to deal with common concerns and problems. 

13
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Archdeaconery
  • A unit within a diocese, larger than a
    deanery, headed by an Archdeacon. 
  • Diocese
  • A geographic area under the jurisdiction of a
    Diocesan Bishop as chief pastor.
  •  Ecclesiastical Province
  • A grouping of dioceses into a common area. 

14
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • General Synod
  • The national governing body of the Anglican
    Church of Canada. 
  • Anglican Communion
  • The worldwide body of Anglicans currently
    numbering nearly 70 million members in 38
    self-governing churches in 164 countries. 

15
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • A Brief History of the Anglican Church
  • 1. The Church in Britain before Augustine
  • Christians came to Britain from as early as
    200AD.  The first British martyr was Alban.
  • 2. The Church in the West before Augustine
  • When Constantine became sole Emperor of the
    western part of the Roman Empire. He attributed
    this victory to the Christian God. Also the
    Emperor called a Council to finalize the creed
    we call the Nicene Creed.
  • Jerome translated the whole Bible into Latin.
    which is known as the Vulgate.

16
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • 3. The Development of the Western Church
  • Augustine came as a missionary to Britain
    from Rome. He established a mission at Canterbury
    became the first Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • Charlemagne Pope Leo III crowned King Charles
    as the first Holy Roman Emperor. He built huge
    churches, and started a great program of copying
    manuscripts. He tried to remodel society on
    Christian lines and reformed the churchs
    liturgy.

17
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • The Split between East and West
  • Charlemagne was also at the centre of the great
    debate between the Eastern and Western churches
    which eventually led to them splitting.
  • Universities
  • In the 12th and 13th centuries heretical
    movements attracted many followers. But the
    church also established schools attached to
    cathedrals some of which became universities.
    This was the time when universities began to be
    established in Europe. 

18
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • 4. Movements Leading up to the Reformation
  • John Wyclif thought visible church, ruled over by
    Popes bishops could not be true church.
  • William Tyndale translated the Bible into English
    in the early years of the 16th century.
  • Martin Luther, challenged the church and
    eventually the Pope about many of the abuses. He
    translated the Bible into German, to read it in
    their own language instead Latin.

19

An Overview of Anglicanism
  • 5. The Reformation in England
  • The main reforms under King Henry VIII were
    Service in English, Bible in English, removal of
    images, closing of Monasteries theological
    change about justification by faith.
  • King Edward VI was a Protestant king and under
    his rule Cranmer and others were able to continue
    the reform of the English Church.
  • Include the appearance of a fully English
    Prayer Book.

20
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • under King James I The Authorised Version of the
    Bible (also known as the King James version) was
    published.He kept a balance between this group
    and the Puritan and reformed groups.
  • During King Charles I reign civil war broke out
    in Ireland, England Scotland. Parliament
    called a synod to reform the Church of England.
    And produced the Westminster Confession.

21
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • William III was a strong Protestant. The
    Toleration Act was passed which allowed
    dissenters to worship independently.
  • In 18th century moral and spiritual life of
    England declined. New movements rose from the
    work of philosophers such as Newton, Locke,
    Pascal and Descartes. It is known as the
    Enlightenment. In Industrial Revolution people
    moved to cities to work in factories.

22
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Evangelical revival led by John and Charles
    Wesley and George Whitfield changed England. 
    Missionary Societies were formed including the
    Church Missionary Society British and Foreign
    Bible Society. Missionaries were sent to all
    parts of the world - wherever European colonial
    expansion allowed them.  Oxford Movement through
    tracts distribution  brought back some liturgical
    practices that helped at the Reformation.

23
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • 7. The Modern Anglican Communion now stretches
    around the world. Many currents have influenced
    the modern church, but four of these are
    important at present time.
  • Anglo-Catholicism The Oxford Movement resulted
    in new developments in liturgy and theology. Many
    Anglican churches began to use rituals which had
    been abandoned at the Reformation
  • Post Enlightenment Liberalism Its theology
    developed from the Enlightenment. They began to
    question many assumptions about the Bible,
    especially whether miracles really happened.

24
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Evangelicalism The Reformers referred to
    themselves as evangelicals, and the evangelical
    current in the Anglican church has roots that go
    back to at least John Wyclif.
  • The Charismatic Movement It is an adaptation of
    Pentecostalism made impact on the Anglican
    Church.
  •  Recent Trends A rift has developed between
    churches which hold traditional theology and
    those, who tried to adapt Christian teaching to
    their culture. Tensions concerning womens
    ordination as priests and applying Bible to same
    sex relationships.

25
An Overview of Anglicanism
Typical rural Church of England church,
Wiltshire, Easter 2007
Canterbury Cathedral
26
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Anglican Churches in Winnipeg

St. George Anglican Church, Parish Church of
St. Luke 168 Wilton Street, WPG
130 Nassau Street North
27
An Overview of Anglicanism
St. Michael All Angels Anglican Church, 300
Hugo
St. Matthews Anglican Church, 641 St Matthew's
28
An Overview of Anglicanism
And other Anglican Churches St. Margarets
Anglican Church, 160 Ethelbert Street All Saints
Church (Anglican), 175 Colony Anglican
Fellowship of Prayer, 168 Wilton St
29
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • Church of The good Shepherd, 673 Silverstone
  • Holy Trinity Church-Headingly, 5335 Portage
  • Holy Trinity Church, 256 Smith
  • St. Aidans Anglican Church,
  • St. Albans Church, SW-Rathgar Osborne
  • St. Andrews Anglican Church, 2700 Potage
  • St. Andrews On the red, St Andews St.
  • St. Annes Anglican Church, 253 Burrin WKld

30
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • St. Barnabas Anglican Church, 730 McPhilips
  • St. Bartholomew Church, 881 Autumnwood
  • St. Catherines Church, 3202 Birds Hill Road
  • St. Georges Anglican Church, 321 Pandora
  • St. James Anglican Church, 195 Collegiate
  • St. Marks Church of Canada, 19 St Marks
  • St. Martin-In_The-Field Anglican Church, 160
    Smith Field
  • St. Mary Magdalene Church, 3 St Vtl Rd

31
An Overview of Anglicanism
  • St. Marys Anglican Church, 3830 Roblin Chlswd
  • St. Pauls Anglican Church, 830 North Dr FtGry
  • St. Pauls Middlechurch Anglican Church, 299
    Balderstone
  • St. Philips Anglican Church, 240 Tache StBon
  • St. Saviours Anglican Church, SE Munroe Grey
  • St. Stephens Anglican Church, 220 Helsdale EKld
  • St. Thomas Anglican Church, 1567 William W
  • St. Johns Cathedral (Anglican), 135 Anderson

32
An Overview of Anglicanism
St. Johns College Chapel Mission of the College
Chapel The Ministry of St John the Evangelist,
centered in Christ in Anglican tradition, Week
day worship (Mon-Thurs) Morning Prayer (9 am)
Mid-day (12 noon) Wednesday (noon) short
Communion Sunday Communion Service(4 pm) Sunday
Evening Prayer (October-June) 7 PM on the 1st
Sunday of Each Month
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