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Topic: Religions Answer this question: WHY do people choose to practice a religion? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topic: Religions


1
  • Topic Religions
  • Answer this question
  • WHY do people choose to practice a religion?

2
Religions of the World
3
Religions
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism/
  • Buddha
  • Confucianism/
  • Confucius
  • Taoism/Lao-tse
  • Islam/Mohammad
  • Judaism/ Moses Abraham
  • Christianity/
  • Jesus of Nazareth
  • Catholicism
  • Protestantism/
  • Martin Luther

4
Protestant 51.3 and Catholic23.9 are the
two largest religious groups in the U.S. No
faith takes third place 16.1
5
(No Transcript)
6
What is Religion?
  • Def How people practice their faith-an
    expression of human belief in a power greater
    than humanity.
  • Most religions have rules to guide the believers.
  • Traditions
  • Sheds light on our purpose on earth as well as
    our ultimate destination.

7
Agnostic
  • An uncertainty about whether God exists.

8
Atheist
  • One who believes that there is NO God.

9
Hinduism
10
Hinduism
  • India 600BCE 300 CE before common era
  • polytheists
  • Priests Guru- a person that has reached the top
    of his spiritual ladder

11
Beliefs
  • GOALS
  • Duty to God, society, family, and self.
  • Earn and spend money for the good of the family
    and community
  • Enjoy the good things in life
  • Release yourself from the cycle of
    Reincarnation the cycle of birth-death-rebirth-
    by doing good

12
Do Now
  • Copy your AGENDA.
  • Prepare your notebook with todays date.
  • Write down TODAYS Aim.
  • Answer this question
  • What does REINCARNATION mean?

13
Diwali Feast of Lights
  • Homes are lit with numerous lamps
  • the deity god Ramas defeat over the demon
    Ravana.

14
Confucianism 130
15
Confucianism
  • 1st traditional Chinese religion 500 BCE
  • Based on Confucius's ideas
  • Detailed rules
  • Shared respect
  • Duty to society
  • Ancestors are worshipped
  • Generosity
  • Strong family bonds

16
Confucianism contd
  • Confucianism was more like a system of rules
    rather than a religion
  • Confucianism united the Chinese people due to war.

17
Taoism 200
18
Taoism
  • Dates back to 300 BCE
  • Belief in immortality
  • Loved nature
  • Believed in leading simple lives

19
Buddhism
20
Buddhism
  • 3rd most recent religion in shaping Chinese
    culture
  • Originated in India
  • Based on the teachings of Buddha The
    Enlightened One
  • Pagodas temples holding Buddhist ideals

21
Buddhism-contd
  • Buddhism teaches
  • The value of compassion
  • Love and kindness
  • Believe in reincaration
  • NO MATERIAL THINGS!

22
Mi Lo- Fo
  • The Laughing Buddha
  • Beloved-loved by all
  • He embodies several Chinese ideals
  • fat belly wealth
  • smile and relaxed manner life is harmonious
  • tiny figures deep love for children
  • this is a basic Chinese ideal

23
DO NOW
  • Explain in 3 sentences what this quote means and
    HOW it can relate to your day at JFK Middle
    School
  • Do unto others, as you would have them do unto
    you. The Golden Rule

24
Islam
DATES
  • Have you ever been treated unfairly?
  • Movie A Walk in Your Shoes- Feb. 2002 features
    Nancy, a 15 year-old Protestant teen from the
    suburbs of Boston, and Miriam, a 13 year-old
    Muslim teen from northern New Jersey. Nancy
    spends two days with Miriam and walks in her
    shoes to get a better understanding of the life
    of a Muslim-American teen, after 911.

25
Islam
  • Islam means surrender to Allah God
  • Muslims are what the followers are called
  • Originated in the Middle East

26
Islam contd
  • Youngest of the religions-fast growing
  • 1/5 of the world population-
  • 1.6 billion Muslims in our world
  • Similar to Judaism, Christianity
  • Belief in one god- monotheist

27
The Koran
  • Holy book
  • Similar to the Bible because it provides a code
    by which to live life on earth to assure a place
    in heaven.

28
Hijab-
  • Veiling of women- once married, its required.
  • Cant compare our cultural beliefs to theirs, so
    wearing a hijab may offend our American beliefs
    in equality towards women, but its not their
    cultural belief.

29
Law of Prayer
  • 5x/day
  • pre-dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, evening
  • Pray so not to be forgetful
  • Whether they are at play or traveling

30
Ramadan
  • Ramadan - ninth month of the Muslim calendar.
  • Muslims observe the Fast of Ramadan.
  • Lasting for the entire month, Muslims fast during
    the daylight hours and in the evening eat meals
    and visit with friends and family.
  • It is a time of worship and contemplation
    think.
  • May seem extreme, but it teaches compassion.

31
The Five Pillars of Islam
  • 1 Belief that there is NO other god except Allah.
  • 2 Pray 5 times a day
  • 3 give a portion 2.5of your savings to charity
  • 4 Make a pilgrimage journey to a sacred place
    to Mecca holy city at least once in your life
  • 5 fast during Ramadan

32
Do unto other as you would have them do unto
you.
  • DO NOW
  • How can being aware of others religions relate to
    this quote?

33
Judaism
Welcome to Jerusalem
Jewish Holidays and Festivals
34
Jewish Olympic Swimmer- Moses
35
Judaism
  • Founded by the ancient Hebrews
  • Abraham Great Hebrew leader and Moses led the
    captive Hebrew slaves out of Egypt.
  • Monotheist
  • The Ten Commandments laws of how to conduct
    their lives were handed to Moses from God.
  • Holy Book Torah
  • What holidays do they celebrate?
  • Which is their holiest holiday?
  • Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Chanukah
    .Yom Kippur is the MOST holiest holiday.

36
The Woodpecker HAS to go!!!
Christianity
37
Christianity
  • The religion based on the life of Christ.
  • Its in the New Testament of the Bible.
  • Tells how Jesus grew up in the Palestinian town
    called Nazareth.
  • Jesus was raised under the laws of Judaism.

38
Lutheran Greek Orthodox Presbyterian
Draw this umbrella in your book
Methodist
Roman Catholics
Southern Baptists
Mormons
Jehovah Witness Protestant
The Umbrella of Some Christian Religions
39
Protestantism
  • Founded by Martin Luther
  • He was a monk that was excommunicated removed
    from the Roman Catholic church for disobeying
    Pope Leo X.
  • Believed people shouldn't have to pay to have
    their sins forgiven.
  • Started to spread his idea throughout the landby
    mouth, then writing.
  • Gutenbergs printing press helped spread
  • the ideas quickly.

40
What was the role of religion in unifying or
dividing societies of the Eastern Hemisphere?
  • Choose three religions from your documents.
  • Using your knowledge of SS and the documents,
    discuss HOW religion united or divided the
    people.
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