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Chapter 6: Jesus Christ: The Fullness of Divine Revelation

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Title: Chapter 6: Jesus Christ: The Fullness of Divine Revelation


1
Chapter 6 Jesus Christ The Fullness of Divine
Revelation
  • FAITH AND REVELATION

2
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • Who were the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes?
  • Who was Herod the Great?
  • How did Judeans view the Jews of Galilee and the
    Samaritans?
  • What factors aided the spread of Christianity in
    the Roman world?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The Pharisees were zealous and learned laymen who
    believed in separation from Gentiles and
    adherence to their interpretation of the Mosaic
    Law. The Sadducees were politically connected
    priests who believed in accommodating Gentile
    rulers. The Essenes withdrew to the desert to
    live a form of purified Judaism.
  • Herod the Great was a crafty, murderous king who
    got the Romans to conquer Judea for him and
    brought prosperity to Israel, rebuilding the
    Second Temple.
  • Galilee was a region of poor, backward farmers
    the Samaritans were a mixed population of Jews
    and Gentiles whom Judeans considered heretics and
    with whom they had no contact.
  • The spread of Christianity was aided by the Pax
    Romana, the spread of Greek philosophy, the
    Jewish Diaspora, and the proselytes of the Gate.

3
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Examine the objectives (p. 181, In This Chapter
    We Will Discuss) and free write for two minutes
    on what you already know about one or more of
    them.

4
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • How was the time immediately preceding Christ
    similar to that of King Davids reign?
  • Israel had regained her old borders, Jerusalem
    was the capital, the Temple was purified and
    reconsecrated to God, and the king was both the
    religious and political leader of the nation. 
  • How did John Hyrcanus Judaize Israel?
  • He required every man to be circumcised or leave.
    Being circumcised implied obeying the whole
    Mosaic Law with all its rituals and
    requirements. 
  • How did John Hyrcanus earn the hatred of the
    Samaritans?
  • He destroyed the Samaritan temple on Mt. Gerizim,
    the center of Samaritan religious life.

5
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • When the high priest Aristobulus proclaimed
    himself king, why did this not fulfill the
    promises of the covenant?
  • Though Israel was again whole and there was a
    king in Jerusalem, Aristobulus was a Levite, not
    a descendant of David (Tribe of Judah). 
  • Why was Israel doomed to be conquered again?
  • Israel had splintered into numerous battling
    factions, and, as Christ said, Every kingdom
    divided against itself is laid to waste and no
    city or house divided against itself will
    stand. 
  • How did Israel lose her independence?
  • Herod entered into a plot with the Roman emperor
    to seize power.

6
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • THE PHARISEES
  • What was the central power in the world at the
    time of Christ?
  • The Roman Empire was dominant. 
  • How did the Pharisees answer the question, How
    can Jews be faithful to God amid pagans?
  • The best way was to build a cultural wall around
    themselves to keep out Gentile and pagan
    influences. Pharisee comes from the Aramaic word
    perushim, which means separated. 
  • How was the practice of Judaism under the
    Pharisees?
  • Besides refusing to associate with Gentiles, the
    Pharisees thought everyone should follow the
    complicated ritualistic regulations they had
    developed under their interpretation of the
    Mosaic Law. Extension The Pharisees, who were
    not priests, basically took the rules and
    regulations Moses gave to the Levitical priests
    to follow when they were serving in the Temple
    and applied them to all Jews in their everyday
    lives. 
  • Why could the Pharisees justifiably claim they
    were right in separating themselves from the rest
    of the world?
  • Whenever Israel had allowed herself to be
    influenced by outside cultures and religions, she
    had met with disastrous consequences.

7
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Guided Exercise
  • Read silently Matthew 23139, thinking about the
    following questions
  • Why was a speech like this certain to earn the
    Pharisees hatred?
  • Why might Christ have adopted such a harsh
    approach to them?

8
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • THE SADDUCEES
  • Who were the Sadducees?
  • They were priests who claimed to be the spiritual
    heirs of Zadok, King Solomons priest, whose
    heirs were supposed to be priests in Jerusalem
    forever. 
  • How did the Sadducees answer the question, How
    can Jews be faithful to God amid pagans?
  • They cooperated with Gentile rulers. 
  • What were some of the Sadduceess central
    beliefs?
  • They believed only the Pentateuch was canonical,
    denied life after death, and rejected the
    existence of angels. 
  • Why did the Pharisees hate the Sadducees?
  • The Sadducees cooperated with the Romans rather
    than separate themselves from them. As a
    consequence, the Sadducees had political power,
    which was denied to the Pharisees.

9
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Read silently Luke 202740, and then free write
    for five minutes on what Christ revealed about
    Heaven in this passage.

10
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • How often are the Essenes mentioned in Sacred
    Scripture?
  • They are never mentioned.
  • What were the basic beliefs of the Essenes?
  • They held the Law of Moses and Jewish customs in
    high esteem rejected the animal sacrifices of
    the Temple kept the Sabbath placed much value
    in ceremonial purity, washing frequently and
    practicing baptism and believed in the
    immortality of the soul.
  • What were some of the laudable moral practices of
    the Essenes?
  • They cared for the sick, practiced hospitality,
    treated all men equally, prohibited slavery, held
    goods in common, and practiced pacifism. Many
    also lived celibacy.

11
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to complete the following
    table about the various Jewish groups in Israel
    in the time of Christ.

12
1. The Religious and Political Situation
13
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to compose a bullet-point
    list of at least three examples of Herods
    tyrannical behavior and three of his crafty
    behavior.

14
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • JUDEA AND GALILEE
  • Who were the Zealots?
  • They were Jewish nationalists who sought to
    overthrow the Roman rulers and reestablish the
    Kingdom of Israel as a sovereign nation.
    Eventually, their efforts to throw off the Romans
    resulted in the complete destruction of Israel.
  • How were the Galileans distinct from the
    inhabitants of Judea?
  • Most of the Hebrews who had returned from the
    Babylonian Exile settled around Jerusalem. Those
    who settled in Galilee came into contact with
    Israelites who had not experienced the Babylonian
    Exile and could trace their heritage back to the
    tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali.
  • Why were Galileans looked down upon by Judeans?
  • They were poor peasants and farmers who had a
    distinct accent.

15
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • THE SAMARITANS
  • Who were the Samaritans?
  • These Israelites had intermarried with Gentiles
    during the time of the Assyrian occupation. They
    lived between Judea and Galilee. 
  • Where did the Samaritans worship?
  • They worshipped on Mt. Gerizim, a site of worship
    for the Israelites before the capture of
    Jerusalem.
  • How did Judeans regard the Samaritans?
  • They considered them unclean heretics and so had
    nothing to do with them. 
  • Who are the Samaritans today?
  • A few hundred survive today as a persecuted
    minority in Palestine. Extension They speak
    Aramaic, the language Christ spoke.

16
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • SETTING THE STAGE FOR CHRIST
  •  
  • What was the Pax Romana?
  • It was a centuries-long relative peace the known
    world enjoyed under the Roman Empire.
  • How did the Pax Romana and Roman rule facilitate
    the spread of Christianity?
  • There was an extensive network of roads, one
    currency, one law, no borders to cross, and
    relative safety when traveling.
  • What was the Roman attitude toward other
    religions?
  • The Romans generally tolerated any religion as
    long as its adherents did not cause problems such
    as rebellion or refusal to pay taxes.
  • Was Rome completely pagan?
  • No. Under the influence of Greek philosophy, some
    had reasoned their way to a monotheism with God
    as the First Cause.

17
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • THE SPREAD OF THE JEWISH RELIGION
  • What was the Jewish Diaspora?
  • The Diaspora refers to communities of Jews who,
    after the Babylonian Exile, lived outside
    Palestine and throughout the Roman Empire. 
  • How many Jews lived outside Palestine, and where
    could they have been found?
  • It is estimated they comprised seven percent of
    the population of the Roman Empire, with Jewish
    communities in every major town. 
  • How did Christianity spread through the Diaspora?
  • It rooted itself in Jewish communities before
    spreading to the larger population.

18
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • What are the proselytes of the Gate?
  • These Gentiles were attracted to Judaism and
    believed in the one true God. They worshiped in
    Jewish synagogues and studied the Scriptures yet
    refrained from converting, which required
    circumcision and following the dietary laws. They
    were eager converts to Christianity. 
  • What two groups was St. Paul addressing when he
    began, Men of Israel, and you that fear God
    (Acts 1316)?
  • He was referring to Jews and the proselytes of
    the Gate, respectfully.

19
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing how the beginning
    of the first century AD was a propitious time
    for the coming of the Messiah.

20
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Homework Assignment
  •  
  • Reading
  • MARY, THE MOTHER OF GOD through TEACHING THE
    TEACHERS.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 18.
  • Practical Exercise 5.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 112.

21
1. The Religious and Political Situation
  • Alternative Assessment
  • Free write for five minutes on the following
    question 
  • If you had to choose only one, which would you
    choose to be, and why a Pharisee, a Sadducee, an
    Essene, a Galilean, or a proselyte at the Gate?

22
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What is the Annunciation?
  • What is the Nativity?
  • What is the Epiphany?
  • What is the Finding in the Temple?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • The Annunciation refers to the announcement of
    the Archangel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin Mary
    that she would be the mother of the Savior, the
    Son of the Most High, and that this would be
    accomplished by the power of the Holy Spirit.
  • In accord with the prophet Micah, Christ was born
    in Bethlehem, the city of David. He was born in
    poverty, and angels announced to shepherds that
    he was a Savior Christ the Lord.
  • Magi from the East were the first Gentiles to
    adore the Christ.
  • Christs wisdom was revealed in the Finding in
    the Temple. During his hidden years, from his
    infancy until he began his public ministry,
    Christ lived an ordinary life, sharing the
    condition of the vast majority of human beings.

23
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Say a decade of one of the first three Joyful
    Mysteries of the Rosary, using the scriptural
    method of saying the Rosary.
  •  
  • The essence of the scriptural method is to read a
    relevant Bible passage before each Hail Mary is
    prayed and then to meditate on that passage while
    the Hail Mary is recited.

24
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • MARY, THE MOTHER OF GOD
  • What was betrothal in the time of Christ?
  • In Jewish custom, it was a contract similar to
    marriage. The couple did not yet live together,
    but their promise could not be broken.
  • What is the significance of the word overshadow
    in the Archangel Gabriels greeting?
  • The word is an unusual one in Greek and not used
    anywhere else in the New Testament. It is used in
    the Old Testament the cloud overshadowed the
    Tabernacle when the Ark of the Covenant had been
    placed in it. Thus, to overshadow implies the
    presence of God. 
  • How is the Blessed Virgin Marys response to
    Gods call different from what might be expected
    from the Old Testament in light of other divine
    calls from the Old Testament?
  • Most of the great people of Israelincluding
    Abraham, Moses, and Davidthough accepting of
    Gods plan for them, had nevertheless expressed
    surprise, doubt, and even resistance. Sarah, for
    example, laughed at Gods message to her. In
    contrast, the Blessed Virgin Marys response was
    immediate belief, obedience, and acceptance.

25
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to choose one of the titles
    of the Blessed Virgin Mary from the Litany of
    Loreto and explain it, writing from the
    perspective of the Old Testament.

26
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Guided Exercise
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Share using the following
    prompt
  •  
  • Based on the sidebar Mary as the Ark of the New
    Covenant (p. 189) and your own background
    knowledge, explain in one or two sentences how
    the Visitation?the Blessed Virgin Marys visit to
    her cousin St. Elizabeth?is deeply rooted in the
    Old Testament.

27
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • THE BIRTH OF JESUS
  • Why did St. Joseph travel from Nazareth, where he
    lived, to Bethlehem?
  • St. Joseph traveled to Bethlehem with his
    pregnant wife to register in the Roman census.
  • What prophesy did this journey fulfill?
  • The Messiah was to be born in Bethlehem as the
    prophet Micah predicted from Bethlehem shall
    come forth for me one who is to be ruler in
    Israel (Mi 52).
  • What did the angels tell the shepherds about
    Jesus?
  • This child was a Savior, the Anointed successor
    to David, and the Lord, the one who sits at Gods
    right hand. 
  • Why is it surprising the first people to know
    about the birth of the Messiah were shepherds?
  • Shepherds were poor outcasts in Jewish society,
    avoided by many Jews as unclean, yet David had
    been a shepherd who tended his flocks in those
    very same fields.

28
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • THE EPIPHANY
  • Who were the Magi (or wise men)?
  • They may have been Persian astrologers. 
  • Why might Herod have been especially nervous
    about Balaams prophesy to Balak?
  • Balaams prophesy spoke of a rising star, which
    represented a son of Jacob, who would dispossess
    an Edomite. The new king whom the Magi sought was
    born in Bethlehem and thus a son of Jacob. Herod
    himself was from Edom, so he could have been
    afraid the infant king the Magi came to visit
    would overthrow him or his descendants. 
  • What was the significance of the gifts of gold,
    frankincense, and myrrh?
  • Gold and frankincense are gifts Isaiah predicted
    would be brought by all the nations to the God of
    Israel. Gold indicates Christs royalty, and
    frankincense refers to his priesthood and
    spiritual divinity. Myrrh is an oil used both to
    anoint the priests of Israel and to anoint a dead
    body for burial, so it also suggested Christs
    Sacrifice on the Cross.

29
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • TEACHING THE TEACHERS
  • What is unique about the Finding of Christ in the
    Temple?
  • It is the only story about Christ recorded in the
    Gospels between his infancy and when he began his
    public ministry about age thirty.
  • How does the Finding in the Temple reveal
    Christs divine and human natures?
  • By age twelve, the Christ child displayed an
    amazing command of the Scriptures and was able to
    discuss and debate them with the most educated
    men in Jerusalem. At the same time, Christ was a
    boy, he grew up, he worried his parents, and he
    practiced his faith.

30
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Closure
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about an Old
    Testament prophecy cited in one of the infancy
    narratives (cf. Mt 13 Lk 12).

31
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Homework Assignment
  •  
  • Reading
  • JOHN THE BAPTIST MAKES STRAIGHT THE WAY through
    THE TWELVE.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 911.
  • Practical Exercise 7.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 1322.

32
2. The Infancy of Christ
  • Alternative Assessment
  • In groups of three or four, read Marys
    Magnificat (Lk 14655) and try to relate this
    prayer to the Old Testament and the history of
    Israel.

33
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • Who was St. John the Baptist?
  • Why was Christ baptized, and why did he undergo
    temptation?
  • Why did Christ perform miracles?
  • Who are the Twelve Apostles?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • St. John the Baptist, the final prophet, was a
    New Elijah who preached a baptism of repentance
    to prepare people for the Messiah.
  • Christ received St. Johns baptism and fasted in
    the wilderness for forty days, where he was
    tempted by the Devil.
  • Christ performed miracles out of love and to show
    his divinity.
  • Christ chose the Twelve Apostles to carry on his
    work.

34
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read the Acts of the Apostles 103443, thinking
    about the following question 
  • What is the basic outline of the story of Christ
    as described by St. Peter?

35
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST MAKES STRAIGHT THE WAY
  • Who was St. John the Baptist?
  • St. John the Baptist was Christs cousin, a
    Levite who preached repentance and baptism for
    the forgiveness of sins to prepare the way for
    the Messiah.
  • How were St. John the Baptist and the prophet
    Elijah similar in appearance?
  • St. John was clothed with camels hair and had a
    leather belt around his waist, whereas Elijah
    wore a garment of haircloth with a girdle of
    leather about his loins. 
  • How did St. John the Baptists ministry fulfill
    the last words of Malachi, the last prophet in
    the Old Testament?
  • Malachi prophesied that God would send the
    Prophet Elijah to Israel to turn the hearts of
    fathers to their children and the hearts of
    children to their fathers thus they would not be
    punished by God. St. John the Baptist preached
    and baptized to encourage people from all walks
    of life to repent and amend their lives. 

36
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • How did Christ identify St. John the Baptist with
    the prophet Elijah?
  • He said St. John the Baptist was the second
    coming of Elijah prophesied by Malachi. 
  • Why did St. John the Baptist worry many Jewish
    priests and officials?
  • He told them the Kingdom of Heaven was at hand,
    which meant that the Messiah was coming. To some
    priests and politicians, this meant St. John the
    Baptist was another false prophet who could spark
    a rebellion, which could only end badly for them
    and for Israel.

37
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST
  • How was Christs preparation like that of Elijah
    and Moses?
  • He fasted in the wilderness for forty days, the
    same period for which Elijah and Moses had fasted
    in the wilderness of Sinai.
  • What is significant about the number forty in the
    Old Testament?
  • In addition to the fasting of Elijah and Moses in
    the previous answer, forty is the number of years
    the Israelites wandered in the wilderness before
    entering the Promised Land, and it was the number
    of days and nights it took to flood the world so
    it could be created anew through Noah. 
  • What does it mean to say Christ was tempted by
    the Devil?
  • The word tempted means tested. Though Christ
    did not sin, it was necessary for him to have
    overcome temptations that had cause people to
    sin.

38
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Complete a paragraph shrink on the first four
    paragraphs under THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST (through
    the quote from Matthew 31617). 

39
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to complete the following
    table about the insights that Sts. Matthew, Mark,
    and Luke had about Christs temptations.

40
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
41
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • MIRACLES
  • What did most Jews expect from the Messiah, and
    what did they get?
  • Most Jews expected an anointed prophet-king who
    would bring the covenants with Israel to their
    fulfillment. They received God himself incarnate
    in the Person of Jesus Christ.
  • Which actions of Christ most clearly demonstrated
    both his human and divine natures?
  • His miracles showed his natures. 
  • What was Christs first miracle?
  • He turned water into wine at the Wedding Feast in
    Cana.

42
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • How does the miracle at Cana relate to the Last
    Supper?
  • At Cana, Christ turned water into wine as a act
    of charity. At the Last Supper, he turned wine
    into his Blood to manifest the ultimate act of
    charity (love) his Death on the Cross. 
  • How were Christs healings messianic?
  • Under the promised Son of David, No inhabitant
    will say, I am sick the people who dwell there
    will be forgiven their iniquity (Is 3324).
    Christs healings and forgiveness demonstrated
    the arrival of the messianic age. 
  • What did Christs exorcisms demonstrate?
  • They showed his divinity and dominion over
    demons.
  • Why did Christ heal the paralytic?
  • Christ wanted to heal the mans infirmity and
    show he has authority to forgive sins.

43
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Silently read the relevant scriptural passage(s)
    describing the miracle you are given, and draw an
    illustration of the miracle without labeling it.

44
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Sidebar The Beatitudes
  • What is paradoxical about the beatitudes?
  • Those suffering misfortunes are actually blessed
    because of the rewards they will receive. For
    example, those who are poor in spirit will
    inherit the Kingdom of God, so they are blessed.

45
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to compose a bullet-point
    list of ways Christ violated the Pharisees
    principle of strict separation of Jews from
    non-Jews and Gentiles or sinners.

46
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • THE TWELVE
  • How did Christ intend his message to spread
    throughout the world?
  • He instructed his Apostles to go to all nations,
    teaching and baptizing. 
  • What is significant about the number twelve?
  • It signifies perfection in governance and
    hearkens to the Twelve Tribes of Israel. On the
    foundation of the Twelve Apostles united under
    St. Peter, their head, Christ established the New
    Israel, his Church, which he promised would last
    until the end of time.
  • Why did some of the Apostles have two names?
  • Like many Jews, some of the Apostles had two
    names a Jewish name, by which they were known to
    family and friends, and a Greek or Roman name,
    which was useful in the Gentile world.

47
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Sidebar Our Father 
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to complete the following
    table paraphrasing the petitions of the Lords
    Prayer.

48
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
49
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph discussing the ways Jesus
    showed he is the Messiah.

50
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • THE DEATH, BURIAL, AND RESURRECTION OF JESUS
    CHRIST through I AM.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 1216.
  • Practical Exercises 89.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 2332.

51
3. What Jesus Did and Taught
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Have each student choose one of the miracles
    listed in this lesson and write an account of the
    miracle told from the point of view of the person
    who was healed.

52
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • What was the Last Supper?
  • What is the Cup of Consummation?
  • Why did the Sanhedrin condemn Christ to death?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • Christ used the Passover meals Cup of Blessing
    as the occasion to institute the Sacrament of the
    Eucharist, which he called the Blood of the
    Covenant.
  • Christ refused to drink the Cup of Consummation
    during the Passover meal. In Gethsemane, he asked
    the Father to let him be spared the cup. He drank
    it to the full in his Passion and Death.
  • The Sanhedrin tried to convict Christ of crimes
    against the Jewish religion using false
    testimony. When they asked if he is the Son of
    God, he said he is for this reason they
    convicted him of blasphemy.

53
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read St. Matthews account of the Passion from
    the Last Supper until Jesus arrest (Mt
    261768).

54
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • THE DEATH, BURIAL, AND RESURRECTION OF JESUS
    CHRIST
  • Was Christ surprised by his arrest, Passion,
    Death, and Resurrection?
  • No moreover, he made frequent reference to these
    inevitable events. 
  • When did Christs popularity reach its height?
  • In the third year of his public ministry, upon
    his entering Jerusalem, the crowd proclaimed him
    the Messiah, the Son of David. 
  • What were the religious authorities planning when
    Christ entered Jerusalem?
  • They were deciding how to put him to death.

55
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Why did Christ enter Jerusalem riding a donkey?
  • This fulfilled Zechariahs prophesy, in which the
    people of Jerusalem would be filled with joy
    because their king is approaching, humble and
    riding on a donkey (cf. Zec 99). 
  • What were the two stages in the establishment of
    the New Covenant?
  • They were the celebration of the Last Supper and
    Christs Sacrifice on the Cross.

56
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • THE MISSING CUP
  • What was the Passover meal?
  • It was the commemoration of the passing of the
    Israelite people out of slavery, their reception
    of the Law, and the establishment of Israel as a
    nation set apart.
  • At the first Passover what did the Jews to do
    with the blood of the slaughtered lamb?
  • They took hyssop, dipped it in the blood, and
    touched the lintel and the two doorposts with the
    blood. 
  • What did the blood of the Passover lamb
    accomplish?
  • It saved the firstborn male of each Hebrew family
    from death.

57
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Why did the Jews celebrate the ritual meal each
    year?
  • God had instructed them to celebrate it annually
    to remember what he had done for them.
  • How did Christ change the Passover meal during
    the Last Supper?
  • He transformed the Passover ritual into the
    celebration of the New Covenant, the Mass.
  • What is the relationship between Christ and the
    Passover lamb?
  • Christ became the spotless Passover Lamb, and,
    through his Blood shed on the Cross, all people
    were freed from the slavery to sin, and the
    People of God were transformed into the New
    Israel.

58
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • How many cups of wine were drunk during the
    Passover meal?
  • Four. 
  • How did Christ change the ritual at the time of
    the third cup?
  • He identified the Cup of Blessing with his Blood
    of the New Covenant the bread and wine were his
    Body and Blood. 
  • Where did the phrase blood of the covenant
    originate?
  • It appears in Exodus 248. With these words God
    ratified the Mosaic Covenant with Israel at Mt.
    Sinai, making them his Chosen People. The people
    were sprinkled with the blood of the sacrifice.

59
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • What did Christ mean by Blood of the Covenant?
  • He declared he was establishing a New Covenant,
    but, instead of the animal blood spilled at Mt.
    Sinai, it would be his own Body sacrificed and
    his own Blood to seal the promise between God and
    man. 
  • How did Christ leave the Passover meal
    unfinished?
  • He did not drink the fourth cup, the Cup of
    Consummation.

60
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to identify the three
    Passovers referred to in the Catechism, no. 1340
    (cf. FROM THE CATECHISM at the end of the
    chapter).

61
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to read silently Exodus 248.
    Write a paragraph explaining the blood of the
    covenant and what Christ likely meant when he
    said my blood of the covenant (Mt 2628).

62
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • THE CUP OF CONSUMMATION
  •  
  • What did Christ ask the Father in the garden?
  • To take this cup from him, meaning his final
    sufferings. 
  • Why should the use of the word cup capture our
    attention?
  • This cup of suffering is identified with the Cup
    of Consummation that Christ had not drunk earlier
    that evening at the Last Supper he was to drink
    it in his Passion and Death. Extension When the
    mother of the sons of Zebedee asked they be given
    the chief places in Christs kingdom, he asked
    them if they could drink the cup he was going to
    drink. (cf. Mt 2022).

63
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • What was the sign of Judass betrayal?
  • He gave Christ a kiss, which was the ordinary way
    a disciple would have greeted his master.
  • What may have been Judas motivation to have
    betrayed Christ?
  • Judas may have been a Zealot who hoped for a
    political messiah, a military leader who would
    defeat the Roman occupiers. Judas may have become
    frustrated with Christs teachings (cf. Jn 664)
    of love for neighbor, obedience to authority, and
    his willingness to suffer death.
  • Why was Christ first brought to Annas?
  • Although Annas was deposed by the Romans, most
    Jews still considered him the legitimate high
    priest. His son-in-law Caiaphas seemed to defer
    to him as well.

64
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • I AM
  •  
  • What did most of the Sanhedrin believe even
    before the trial?
  • Christ was a false prophet and blasphemer.
  • What kind of evidence was presented against
    Christ?
  • Evidence was produced by false witnesses who
    contradicted each other.
  • How did Caiaphas gain the final evidence to
    convict Christ?
  • Caiaphas asked Jesus directly if he is the
    Messiah (Christ).

65
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • How did Christ respond to the Caiaphass direct
    question?
  • I am and you will see the Son of man sitting at
    the right hand of Power, and coming with the
    clouds of heaven (Mk 1262).
  • What legitimate point did Caiaphas have to
    condemn Christ?
  • Christ identified himself with the Son of God,
    which would have been blasphemy were he not the
    Son of God.
  • How did Caiaphas violate the Mosaic Law?
  • At hearing such blasphemy, he tore his robes,
    which the high priest was not supposed to do.

66
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Read Leviticus 241016, keeping in mind the
    Jewish attitude toward blasphemy.

67
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph explaining how Christ changed
    the celebration of the Passover meal at the Last
    Supper.

68
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • PILATE EXAMINES JESUS through ST. PETER AND
    JUDAS.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 2227.
  • Practical Exercise 10.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 3341.

69
4. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Search the Internet to read about how modern-day
    Jews celebrate the Passover.

70
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • How was Pilate unjust in his condemnation of
    Christ?
  • How did Judass and St. Peters remorse differ?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • To prompt him to execute Christ, the Sanhedrin
    lied to Pilate about Christs crime. Pilate was
    convinced Christ was innocent but wanted to
    appease the Sanhedrin, so he tried to make the
    problem go away, including sending him to Herod
    Antipas for judgment, which met with no success.
    When the Sanhedrin accused him of not being a
    friend of Caesar, Pilate finally agreed to
    execute Christ and let an insurrectionist go
    free.
  • Both Judas and St. Peter betrayed Christ, and
    both repented, but Judas despaired while St.
    Peter experienced true contrition.

71
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read the account of Christs arrest and
    condemnation. (Mt 26692732).

72
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • PILATE EXAMINES JESUS
  • Why did the Sanhedrin have to ask the Roman
    governor to put Christ to death?
  • Under Roman law they were not allowed to carry
    out a death sentence, so they had to persuade the
    Roman authorities Christ was guilty of a secular
    crime deserving death.
  • How did the Sanhedrin try to convince Pilate
    Christ should be put to death?
  • They said Christ was a leader among the
    revolutionary Zealots, who sought to reestablish
    the Kingdom of Israel.
  • What lie did the Sanhedrin tell Pilate?
  • They said Christ forbade the Jews from paying
    taxes to Caesar.

73
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • What was Pilates initial reaction to the
    Sanhedrins charge?
  • He wanted nothing to do with the case.
  • What reason did Christ give Pilate he would not
    let his followers fight for him?
  • His kingdom is not of this world. 
  • What reason did Christ give Pilate for his having
    come into the world?
  • He bears witness to the truth.

74
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • CONDEMNED TO DEATH
  • How did Pilate see Christ at this point?
  • Pilate saw Christ as innocent of any crime
    against Rome. 
  • Why did Pilate send Christ to Herod Antipas?
  • Herod Antipas ruled Galilee, Jesus home
    district. Pilate hoped Herod would make a ruling
    so he would not have to.
  • What was unjust about Pilates decision to flog
    and release Christ?
  • Though Pilate acknowledged Christ was innocent,
    he still had him flogged, a terrible,
    life-threatening punishment, perhaps to appease
    the Sanhedrin.

75
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • What custom did Pilate invoke to persuade the
    Sanhedrin to change their mind about Christ?
  • He invoked his custom of pardoning one criminal
    at Passover. He gave them the choice between
    Barabbas and Christ. 
  • Why did Pilate finally give in to the Sanhedrins
    demands?
  • If he would have released Christ, they would have
    said he was no friend of Caesar. Pilate knew if
    he were to allow a rebel to live, he would have
    been in trouble with Caesar.

76
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to answer the following
    questions about Barabbas.

77
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
78
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to read the Catechism, no.
    598 (below), and then review the paragraph in the
    student text beginning, The role that Judas,
    and answer the following question in writing 
  • Some have blamed the Jews for killing Christ and
    have used this as a basis for anti-Semitism.
    According to the Church, who is responsible for
    having killed Christ?

79
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • ST. PETER AND JUDAS
  •  
  • How did Judas betray Christ?
  • He revealed where the chief priests could arrest
    Christ safely. 
  • How did St. Peter betray Christ?
  • After Christs arrest, St. Peter denied he even
    knew him. 
  • What was lacking in Judass repentance?
  • When he tried to return the money the Sanhedrin
    had paid him, they refused his offer. He
    despaired of forgiveness and killed himself. 
  • What was right about St. Peters repentance?
  • Christ prophesied that St. Peter would deny him
    three times before the cock crowed. At the third
    crow, St. Peter wept bitterly out of a sorrow
    fueled by love.

80
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Closure
  •  
  • Write a paragraph summarizing how Pilate acted as
    an unjust judge against Christ.

81
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Homework Assignment
  •  
  • Reading
  • JESUS CRUCIFIED through THE WOMEN WHO MET THE
    RISEN LORD.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 2831.
  • Practical Exercise 2.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 4249.

82
5. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (continued)
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about how Pilate
    could have resisted the demand for Christs death
    were he truly a just governor.

83
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • How was Christs Crucifixion?
  • How did Christ complete his Passover?
  • How is Psalm 22 related to the Crucifixion?
  • How did Christs disciples first learn of his
    Resurrection?
  •  
  • KEY IDEAS
  • Christ was crucified as King of the Jews.
  • Christ died, draining the Cup of Consummation.
  • Psalm 22 provided a prophetic description of
    Christs Passion.
  • An angel announced Christs Resurrection to the
    three women who went to anoint Christs Body.
    Christ then appeared to St. Mary Magdalene.

84
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Read the account of Christ being led away to
    Crucifixion through his entombment (Mt 273266).

85
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • JESUS CRUCIFIED
  • Why did Christ need help carrying his Cross?
  • He was weak from having been scourged. 
  • Legally, how did the soldiers press St. Simon of
    Cyrene to carry Christs Cross?
  • Soldiers could press a person into service to
    carry baggage for one Roman mile.
  • When Christ said, If any one forces you to go
    one mile, go with him two miles (Mt 541), to
    what was he referring?
  • He referred to the same Roman law in the previous
    question.

86
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Why did someone offer Christ wine mixed with
    myrrh?
  • It was a painkiller he refused it. 
  • Why did the Jewish authorities object to the sign
    Pilate had placed above Christ?
  • The sign identified Christ as the King of the
    Jews. They said it should read, This man said,
    I am King of the Jews (Jn 1921). 
  • What kind of mockery did Christ experience on the
    Cross?
  • He was mocked both by passersby and by one of the
    thieves crucified with him.

87
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Sidebar CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, ROMAN STYLE
  • In the Roman Empire, for whom was crucifixion
    reserved?
  • Crucifixion was reserved for the most heinous
    criminalsfor example, rebels and runaway
    slavesto deter others from imitating them. 
  • Why was crucifixion a terrible punishment?
  • It is both very painful and deeply humiliating. 
  • Why does breaking the legs of a crucified man
    hasten death?
  • The crucified has to use his legs to push himself
    up to breathe. If the legs are broken, he dies
    more quickly of asphyxiation.

88
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • THE LAST CUP
  • Why is this not a cry of despair Eloi, Eloi,
    lama sabachthani?
  • This lamentation begins Psalm 22, which ends in a
    triumphant delivery by God. 
  • What is the connection between the sponge soaked
    in sour wine on a branch of hyssop and the
    Passover?
  • During the Passover, a bunch of hyssop was used
    to sprinkle the blood of the Passover lamb.
    Christs last drink of wine was administered by a
    sponge attached to a branch of hyssop. 
  • What is the meaning of Christs last sip of wine
    and his declaration, It is finished?
  • It meant he was drinking the Cup of Consummation,
    completing his own Passover. He was the New Lamb
    sacrificed for all people.
  • What is the connection between the Eucharist and
    Calvary?
  • The offering of Christs Blood on Calvary will be
    offered until the end of time in the Eucharist.
    Each time the followers of Christ gather to share
    in the meal of their salvation, they share in the
    Blood of the New Covenant established by Christ.

89
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Why was Christ pierced?
  • He appeared to be dead. The soldier wanted to
    ensure it. 
  • How do two Old Testament prophecies come together
    in Christs piercing?
  • First, the Mosaic Law forbade the breaking of any
    of the bones of the Passover lamb by not
    breaking Christs legs, the Gospels confirm that
    Christ is the New Passover Lamb. Second, at the
    time of Christ, wine was drunk after mixing in
    water. The Blood and water spilling from the side
    of Christ refers to the Eucharist, and the Church
    continues to mix water and wine to prepare the
    chalice in the celebration of the Eucharist. 
  • What does the rending of the curtain of the
    Temple signify?
  • The separation between God and his people was
    ended.

90
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Work with a partner to read Psalm 22 (cf.
    Supplemental Reading 2) and identify two
    prophecies fulfilled in Christs Crucifixion.

91
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • THE BURIAL OF CHRIST
  • Why was Christs body placed in a tomb rather
    than a common grave like most crucified
    criminals?
  • Two secret followers of Christ were St. Joseph of
    Arimathea, a member of the Sanhedrin, and St.
    Nicodemus, a Pharisee. They received permission
    from Pilate to take Christs Body and place it in
    a new tomb. 
  • Why did the chief priests ask Pilate to have
    Christs tomb guarded?
  • They feared Christs followers would steal the
    body and claim he had risen from the dead.

92
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Read the Catechism, no. 1851, and then free write
    about which of the sufferings experienced by
    Christ you think is the worst and why.

93
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • THE WOMEN WHO MET THE RISEN LORD
  • Why did a group of women go to Christs tomb
    early Sunday morning?
  • They went to anoint the body of Christ properly,
    as it was done in haste Friday afternoon due to
    the approach of the Sabbath. Extension The
    Jewish day was calculated from sunset it lasted
    from sunset Friday evening to sunset Saturday
    evening. The women, then, went to Christs tomb
    at the break of daylight the following (Sunday)
    morning. 
  • To whom was the Resurrection first announced?
  • An angel, dressed in white, announced the
    Resurrection to St. Mary Magdalene, Mary the
    mother of James, and Salome. 
  • Why was St. Mary Magdalene weeping at Christs
    tomb?
  • She thought somebody had moved or stolen the body
    of Christ.

94
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • How did St. Mary Magdalene finally recognize
    Christ?
  • He called her by name, Mary. 
  • What did the disciples think of St. Mary
    Magdalenes announcement she had seen the Lord?
  • It seemed an idle tale, that is, untrue
    gossip. 
  • What does it mean to be a messenger of Christs
    Resurrection?
  • It means to tell others Christ has indeed risen
    from the dead.

95
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Closure
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes on the relationship
    among the Last Supper, Christs Death on the
    Cross, and the Eucharist.

96
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Homework Assignment
  •  
  • Reading
  • FULFILLING THE LAW AND THE PROPHETS through
    Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with David.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 3233.
  • Practical Exercises 34.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 5057.

97
6. The Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus
Christ (conclusion)
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Read silently 1 Corinthians 15311 and then make
    a list of all the messengers of the
    Resurrection listed by St. Paul.

98
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • BASIC QUESTIONS
  • How is Christ the New Adam?
  • How is Christ the New Noah?
  • How is Christ the New Abraham?
  • How is Christ the New Moses?
  • How is Christ the New David?
  • KEY IDEAS
  • Through his perfect obedience to the Father, the
    New Adam restored mans place in Paradise lost by
    the first Adam.
  • Christ made water an instrument of salvation and
    founded a Church not only to fill the earth with
    people but also to make disciples of all nations.
  • Christ became the Savior of the World through
    whom all the families of the earth are blessed.
  • Christ is the prophet that Moses prophesied would
    arise in Israel who gave the perfect Law and was
    the saving Lamb of God.
  • Christ is the Only-Begotten Son of God whose
    universal rule is through the Church.

99
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Work with a partner to complete part of Practical
    Exercise 6
  • Choose an Old Testament prophecy and show how it
    points to fulfillment in Jesus Christ.

100
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • FULFILLING THE LAW AND THE PROPHETS
  • What did Christs disciples still not understand
    about him even to the time of his death?
  • They did not understand how God was to bring
    about the salvation of all people. 
  • What did Christs followers likely think he meant
    when he said he had come to fulfill the Law and
    the prophets?
  • They probably thought he meant he would
    reestablish the temporal, Davidic Kingdom. 
  • What did Christ really mean to fulfill the Law
    and the prophets?
  • He meant he would fulfill the Scriptures by
    suffering and dying as Isaiah had foretold.

101
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Complete a Think/Pair/Share using the paragraph
    beginning, When Moses came down, and the
    following question 
  • What is the meaning of the veil in this passage?

102
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • 1. Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with Adam
  • What covenant did God make with Adam?
  • Adam was made a son of God who would have
    everlasting life if he would obey God. 
  • What was the result of Adam having broken the
    covenant?
  • It resulted in spiritual and physical death for
    all people. 
  • How did Christ fulfill the covenant with Adam?
  • He was the Son who obeyed God perfectly and so
    restored life to fallen humanity.

103
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • 2. Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with Noah
  • With which Sacrament did the early Church connect
    the Flood?
  • They saw Baptism in the Flood. 
  • What covenant did God make with Noah?
  • Noah would be the father of a new human race,
    purified by water, and God would never again
    destroy the whole human race by flood. 
  • How does Baptism fulfill the covenant with Noah?
  • As forty days of rain prepared the world for a
    new creation, forty days of fasting and penance
    (the season of Lent) prepares a person to become
    a new creation in the waters of Baptism. People
    are to be fruitful and multiply the number of
    Christians on the earth.

104
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • 3. Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with Abraham
  • How was Gods covenant with Abraham fulfilled
    partially?
  • Hundreds of thousands of people could call
    themselves descendants of Abraham. Abrahams
    descendants had dwelt and even built an empire in
    the promised land of Canaan.
  • What part of the Abrahamic Covenant remained
    unfulfilled?
  • The promise of universal blessing was
    unfulfilled.
  • How did Christ fulfill the Abrahamic Covenant?
  • Abrahams descendant, Christ, brought a universal
    promise of salvation available to all people.

105
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • 4. Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with Moses
  • What did Moses foresee at the end of Deuteronomy?
  • He prophesied new prophet like himself. 
  • When did that prophet come?
  • He came about 1500 years later in the Person of
    Jesus Christ. 
  • How did Christ fulfill the covenant with Moses?
  • Christ is the New Moses, who gave a perfected Law
    and personified the Passover as the Lamb of God. 
  • When did the rabbinic tradition expect the
    Messiah to come?
  • It expected the Messiah to come on Passover night.

106
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Review the table Jesus, the New Moses (p. 216),
    and then free write for two minutes about the
    following question 
  • Which similarity between Moses and Christ do you
    find most striking, and why?

107
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • 5. Jesus Fulfills the Covenant with David
  •  
  • What about Christ dissatisfied some Israelites
    during his time?
  • Jesus did not proclaim himself a Messiah (Christ)
    who would inaugurate the political restoration of
    the Kingdom of Israel to establish a temporal
    power protected by God.
  • What kingdom did Christ come to establish?
  • Christ established the Church, the New Israel.
    This Kingdom of God is not restricted by temporal
    domain it includes the communion of faithful
    everywhere, living and dead, and so is not of
    this world.

108
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Guided Exercise
  • Work with a partner to complete the following
    table on Christs fulfillment of the promises God
    made to David.

109
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
110
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Closure
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes on the following
    question 
  • Of the five covenants fulfilled by Christ, which
    one do you think is the most important, and why?

111
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Homework Assignment
  • Reading
  • THE NEW KINGDOM through CONCLUSION.
  • Study Questions
  • Questions 1721 34.
  • Practical Exercise 6.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 5860.

112
7. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets
  • Alternative Assessment
  • Christ fulfilled the four titles associated with
    the Davidic Covenant. Work with a partner to
    review this chapter and invent as many new titles
    as you can for Christ based on these five
    covenants.

113
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • BASIC QUESTION
  • How does Christ fulfill the Davidic Covenant?
  • KEY IDEA
  • Christ and his Church fulfill both the primary
    and secondary features of the Davidic Covenant.

114
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • Anticipatory Set
  •  
  • Free write for a few minutes on something
    surprising about the meditation on Christ in the
    tomb from Supplementary Reading 5.

115
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • THE NEW KINGDOM
  • How does the promise of a universal ruler in the
    line of Abraham predate David, Solomon, and even
    Moses?
  • Jacob told his sons that a descendent of Judah
    would be obeyed by the peoples. 
  • In Jacobs prophecy, to what does he comes
    refer?
  • This refers to the man who is to come to whom the
    rulers staff, or scepter, belongs. He will rule
    not only Israel but all nations. 

116
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • What is the difference between the scope of
    Davids and Christs rule?
  • David ruled a small empire in the Middle East
    Christs reign is unlimited. 
  • What is the relationship between Samuels
    prophecy to David and the Archangel Gabriels
    prophesy to the Blessed Virgin Mary?
  • Samuel said God will give Davids offspring an
    eternal rule, and Gabriel said God will give the
    Blessed Virgin Marys Son, a descendent of David,
    an everlasting kingdom. Gabriel summarized the
    Davidic Covenant, applying its fulfillment to
    Christ. 
  • What is the key difference between the kind of
    kingdom that came and the one many expected?
  • Many people expected an earthly king who would
    rule Israel and to whom all the nations of the
    world would show homage and obey. Instead, Christ
    established a heavenly kingdom with the Church as
    its earthly component.

117
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • Guided Exercise
  •  
  • Write a paraphrase of Luke 13233.

118
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • THE DAVIDIC COVENANT THREE SECONDARY FEATURES
  •  
  • In the Church, who is the queen mother?
  • She is the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of
    God. 
  • In what sense is St. Peter the prime minister in
    the New Covenant?
  • According to Isaiah, the prime minister (chief
    steward) of the royal government received the
    keys of the House of David to open and shut
    exclusively. Christ gave St. Peter the keys of
    the Kingdom of Heaven with the power to bind and
    loose. As in the Davidic Kingdom, the office
    continues with his successors, the Popes. 
  • What is the thank offering in the Church?
  • It is the Eucharist.

119
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • THE DAVIDIC COVENANT SEVEN PRIMARY FEATURES 
  • Guided Exercise 
  • Work with a partner to complete the following
    table on the seven primary features of the
    Davidic Covenant and their fulfillment in the
    Church.

120
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
121
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • Closure
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about how Christ and
    the Church fulfill the Davidic Covenant.

122
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • Homework Assignment
  • Study Questions
  • Practical Exercise 1.
  • Workbook
  • Questions 6166.

123
8. Fulfilling the Law and the Prophets (continued)
  • Alternative Assessment
  •  
  • Free write for five minutes about some aspect of
    this lesson or chapter that you did not
    understand well.

124
THE END
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