Chapter 1 The North American Colonies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 1 The North American Colonies

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Title: Chapter 1 The North American Colonies


1
Chapter 1The North American Colonies
2
  • Native American Peoples, Spain, and France
  • 1. Native Americans Prior to European
    Colonization
  • a. Migrated across a land bridge between
    Siberia and Alaska
  • b. Sophisticated civilizations advanced in art,
    science, technology, and agriculture.
  • 1. Mayas (300-900 AD)
  • 2. Aztecs (1325-1519)
  • c. Native Americans within what is now the
  • United States-Culture based on
    geography.

3
NATIVE AMERICANS
  • Developed their cultures in response to their
    environment

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  • d. Native Americans
  • 1. Very religious
  • 2. Land was not something that could
    be owned.
  • 3. Land was to be treated with respect

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  • 2. Spanish and French Colonization
  • a. Christopher Columbus-1492

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  • b. Conquistadors-God, Glory, Gold
  • c. Impact of Spanish colonies in America

10
  • d. French in American
  • 1. Quebec-1608
  • 2. Fur Trade
  • 3. Relationship with Native
    Americans

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  • English Colonies in America
  • 1. Divided into 3 geographic regions.
  • a. Southern Colonies Virginia, Maryland, South
    Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia
  • b. New England Colonies Massachusetts,
    Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire
  • c. Middle Colonies New York, New Jersey,
    Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
  • 2. Two different kinds of colonies
  • a. Royal Colonies-Governed directly by the king
    through a royal governor.
  • b. Proprietary Colonies-Granted to a group of
    private owners. Almost all would become royal
    colonies.

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  • 3. Southern Colonies
  • a. Jamestown-1607
  • 1. The Virginia Company-Joint
  • Stock Company
  • 2. Early problems
  • 3. Captain John Smith

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  • 4. Difficulty getting going
  • 5. John Rolfe and Tobacco
  • 6. Headright System

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  • b. Agricultural South
  • 1. Staple Crops-Tobacco, Rice, Indigo
  • 2. Plantation System-Huge need for labor
  • a. Indentured Servants
  • b. Slavery
  • c. Southern Society
  • 1. Gentry-Controls economics and politics
  • 2. Private education

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  • 4. New England Colonies
  • a. Religious dissent in England
  • 1. Pilgrims-Plymouth Rock,
    Massachusetts-1620. Squanto
  • 2. Puritans-Massachusetts Bay
    colony-1630
  • 3. Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson-
    Rhode Island.

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  • b. Economy
  • 1. Atlantic Ocean-Shipbuilding,
    trade, fishing.
  • 2. Triangular Trade
  • 3. Boston-Major urban center

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  • c. New England Society
  • 1. Puritan Church central part of life
  • 2. Puritans strong sense of faith,
  • family, and community.
  • 3. Public Education
  • 4. Salem Witch Trials

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  • 5. Middle Colonies
  • a. Economy
  • 1. Depended on both farming and
  • commerce.
  • 2. New York and Philadelphia-Urban
  • centers with a variety of businesses.
  • 3. Important centers of trade and
  • shipping product overseas.
  • b. Society in the Middle Colonies
  • 1. Diverse population

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  • 2. William Penn the Quaker-
    Pennsylvania

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  • 3. New York, the Dutch Colony
  • 4. Merchants-
  • Craftsmen-
  • unskilled labor

James, Duke of York
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  • 6. Colonial Government
  • a. Salutary Neglect
  • b. Colonial Government-Colonial
    Governors
  • Colonial legislatures
  • c. House of Burgesses
  • d. Mayflower Compact
  • e. Town Meetings
  • f. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

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  • 7. Colonial Women
  • 8. African-Americans and Slavery
  • a. As indentured Servants
  • b. Predominance of slavery in America
  • c. Middle Passage

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