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Internet Utilization in Indonesia

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Title: Internet Utilization in Indonesia Author: Onno W. Purbo Last modified by: Onno W. Purbo Created Date: 3/22/1997 3:34:10 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Internet Utilization in Indonesia


1
Internet Utilization in Indonesia
  • Onno W. Purbo
  • Institute of Technology Bandung
  • yc1dav_at_itb.ac.id

2
Acknowledgment
  • Those who donate ITB-Net PT. USI/IBM, PT.
    Masaro, PT. Daya Sakti Timber, PT. Daksina Arga
    Perkasa, PT. LEN Industry etc .....
  • Those who spent many sleepless nights in building
    the Indonesia network at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id
  • apjii_at_rs.net.id

3
Vision
  • 5 Million Indonesian in Internet in the next 5-10
    years.

4
Outline
  • Internet in Indonesia
  • Local Internet / Telecomm Capacity
  • Current Network Status.
  • Future Trends Recommendations.
  • Summary.

5
Up-dated Reports at ....
  • http//kalpataru.netura.net.id/onno/
  • http//www.aim.apic.net/indonesia/
  • http//www.nsrc.org/ASIA/ID/country.html
  • http//www.cides.or.id/onno/

6
Summary Indonesian Internet
Considering 200 Million Indonesia
Population Current Internet Population Gives No
Significant Effect!
  • Approx. 3 years of history ...
  • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years.
  • More Than 60.000 users.
  • Mostly using satellite regional network.
  • Current total speed more than 18Mbps.
  • Mostly retail / single user - not too many
    corporate user as yet.

7
Summary Indonesian Internet
The Trick Is To Increase Significantly the Mass
Then Internet Will Be Something in Indonesia
  • Approx. 3 years of history ...
  • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years.
  • More Than 60.000 users.
  • Mostly using satellite regional network.
  • Current total speed more than 18Mbps.
  • Mostly retail / single user - not too many
    corporate user as yet.

8
Summary Indonesian Internet
The Easiest Cheapest Way is By Integrating All
Indonesian Universities
  • Approx. 3 years of history ...
  • More Than 34 ISP within 3 years.
  • More Than 60.000 users.
  • Mostly using satellite regional network.
  • Current total speed more than 18Mbps.
  • Mostly retail / single user - not too many
    corporate user as yet.

9
User Composition (June 1995)
Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users
10
User Composition (June 1995)
In 1996, It is believed to be dominated
by Commercial ISP Users
Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users
11
Indonesia Internet Topology
12
Indonesia Internet Topology
Multiple Connection To Internet With Total Speed
of 18Mbps!
13
Indonesia Internet Topology
Many Regional Networks Overlay On Top One Another
14
Indonesia Internet Topology
There Are Some Packet Radio Networks as the Early
Internet in Indonesia connected mainly to LAPAN
ITB
15
Indonesia Internet Topology
ITB Runs The First Asia Pacific Backbone for
Education at 2Mbps
16
Indonesia Speed To Internet
bps (log plot)
Year
17
Indonesia Speed To Internet
It Is Increasing Exponentially
bps (log plot)
Year
18
Indonesia Speed To Internet
User Base Regional Backbone Should Be
Deployed To Sustain Such Increase!
bps (log plot)
Year
19
Indonesia IT Sales
Million US
Year
Source http//www.swa.co.id
20
Indonesia IT Sales
It is a linear increase
Million US
Year
Source http//www.swa.co.id
21
Major IT Users in Indonesia
  • Financial Institutions.
  • Trade Business Institutions.
  • Media Newspaper Industries.
  • Travel, Hotel Tourist Industries.

22
Major IT Users in Indonesia
Attract Most of The Indonesian Web Surfers
  • Financial Institutions.
  • Trade Business Institutions.
  • Media Newspaper Industries.
  • Travel, Hotel Tourist Industries.

23
Major IT Users in Indonesia
Seems To Be The Most Interested Industry in
Putting Their Profile in Internet
  • Financial Institutions.
  • Trade Business Institutions.
  • Media Newspaper Industries.
  • Travel, Hotel Tourist Industries.

24
Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet
  • Check Out Various
  • Internet Search Engines

25
Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet
Use Indonesia as Keyword From Time To Time
  • Check Out Various
  • Internet Search Engines

26
Major Increase inIndonesia Presence in Internet
Thanks Goes to Many Indonesia Presence Providers
  • Check Out Various
  • Internet Search Engines

27
Fact Is .....
  • 70-80 Indonesian Web Traffic is actually
    generated from .id domain.
  • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

28
Fact Is .....
The Indonesian Still Needs To Learn How To Speak
Up -) ...
  • 70-80 Indonesian Web Traffic is actually
    generated from .id domain.
  • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

29
Fact Is .....
We Need To Learn International Marketing!
  • 70-80 Indonesian Web Traffic is actually
    generated from .id domain.
  • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

30
Fact Is .....
Significant Increase From Last Years 10-20Mbyte
/ Day/ Site
  • 70-80 Indonesian Web Traffic is actually
    generated from .id domain.
  • 80-100 Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

31
Mailing List as Major Applications
  • ITB hosts more than 100 mailing lists.
  • n21_at_itb.ac.id.
  • pau-mikro_at_itb.ac.id.
  • hee-net_at_itb.ac.id
  • indonesia-canada_at_itb.ac.id
  • stock-market_at_itb.ac.id
  • ekonomi-indonesia_at_itb.ac.id

32
Local Internet Capability ..
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

33
Local Internet Capability ..
Remember By The Year 1997 Number of PC Sales
- Outnumber TV Sales
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

34
Local Internet Capability ..
Indonesia Internet Will Be Dominated By More
Powerful PCs ..
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

35
Local Internet Capability ..
Most Corporate Will Likely To Have Novell Network
/ NT Server Connected to Internet
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

36
Local Internet Capability ..
Not Many Expert Around When It Comes to Activate
TCP/IP Within Novell
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

37
Local Internet Capability ..
  • Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine.
  • Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within
    Corporate.
  • Not Many TCP/IP Internet Expert Around. Those
    who are around can be found at
  • pau-mikro_at_ee.umanitoba.ca
  • sysop-l_at_itb.ac.id

Please Do Ask For Advice From These Groups If You
Have Difficulties ....
38
Telecommunication Infrastructure.
  • Terrestrial Segment.
  • Space Segment.

39
Terrestrial Infrastructure ...
  • PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30
    cities 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL
    BACKBONE?
  • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx. 17 cities -
    hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER
    NATIONAL BACKBONE?
  • WaveLAN - low cost cheap 2Mbps!

40
Terrestrial Infrastructure ...
  • PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30
    cities 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL
    BACKBONE?
  • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx... 17 cities -
    hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER
    NATIONAL BACKBONE?
  • WaveLAN - low cost cheap 2Mbps!

Low Cost Solution For Building 2Mbps MAN It
costs us less than US 4000 to setup a 2Mbps node
in MAN!
41
Wireless Terrestrial Infrastructure ...
  • Promising Arena For The Future ...
  • Conventional AMPS GSM ...
  • Wireless Data Network

42
Mobile Computing
  • Internet E-mail
  • FAX
  • SMS (GSM)
  • Pager
  • Stock Market

43
Space Segment / Infrastructure ..
  • Several Major Players
  • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta.
  • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS).
  • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara.
  • PT. Primacom
  • One Major Satellite Manufacturer
  • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

44
Space Segment / Infrastructure ..
VSAT TDMA Station Cost US 1500 / Month At 64Kbps
..... Not Bad For Low Internet Traffic
  • Three Major Players
  • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta.
  • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS).
  • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara.
  • PT. Primacom
  • One Major Satellite Manufacturer
  • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

45
Space Segment / Infrastructure ..
VSAT TDMA for US 1500 / month translated
into Less Than Rp. 1000 / Student / Month For 24
hour Internet Access!
  • Three Major Players
  • PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta.
  • PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS).
  • PT. Elektrindo Nusantara.
  • PT. Primacom
  • One Major Satellite Manufacturer
  • PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

46
Indonesia Intenet Exchange (IX)
  • Telkom (SISFO)
  • Telkom
  • IndoNet
  • RadNet
  • ITB
  • Indosat
  • IBM
  • Lintas Arta (IDOLA)

47
Government Computerization ..
  • Yes, we do have computerization in government
    institutions ...
  • Ministry of Research Technology.
  • Ministry of Industry Trade.
  • State Ministry for Environment.
  • Custom

48
Government Computerization ..
IPTEK-NET as major ISP.
  • Yes, we do have computerization in government
    institutions ...
  • Ministry of Research Technology.
  • Ministry of Industry Trade.
  • State Ministry for Environment.
  • Custom

49
Government Computerization ..
Industrial - Trade Network (INTRANET) driven by
PUSDATA KIT
  • Yes, we do have computerization in government
    institutions ...
  • Ministry of Research Technology.
  • Ministry of Industry Trade.
  • State Ministry for Environment.
  • Custom

50
Government Computerization ..
http//www.bapedal.go.id driven by BAPEDAL
  • Yes, we do have computerization in government
    institutions ...
  • Ministry of Research Technology.
  • Ministry of Industry Trade.
  • State Ministry for Environment.
  • Custom

51
Government Computerization ..
  • Yes, we do have computerization in government
    institutions ...
  • Ministry of Research Technology.
  • Ministry of Industry Trade.
  • State Ministry for Environment.
  • Custom

Electronic Data Interchange
52
NUSANTARA-21
  • National Information Infrastructure.
  • Lead by Pak Parapak.
  • Mailing List at
  • n21_at_itb.ac.id
  • open mailing list subscribed via
    majordomo_at_itb.ac.id.

53
Education Research Network
  • Lead Earlier by PUSILKOM University of Indonesia
    (UI) - UNINET - early 80.
  • Early 90 - lead by IPTEK-NET- 64Kbps. (Ministry
    of Research Tech).
  • Bottom Up Development Lead By LAPAN ITB -
    Packet Radio Network.
  • 1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Gateway for Education
    Research Community.

54
Education Research Network
55
Education Research Network
IPTEK-NET One of The Major Gateway at 256Kbps
56
Education Research Network
University of Indonesia the Early UUCP
Gateway Still Running Its UUCP service
57
Education Research Network
Packet Radio Network at 1200bps, 9600bps Now
Moving To WaveLAN Tech. 2Mbps
58
Education Research Network
More Reliable Connection Between IPTEK-NET
Gateway ITB Gateway is being initiated at
128Kbps
59
Education Research Network
1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Intenet Gateway
60
A Glimpse onAI3 Initiatives
61
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
  • The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education
    Research at 2Mbps.
  • ITB is the gateway in Indonesia for Education
    Research Purposes.
  • Ku-Band Ground Station Has Been Installed to
    Catch JCSAT-3 (128E).

62
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
  • Multicast Backbone (MBONE)
  • Caching of Web Traffic.
  • IP Version 6 (the Next Generation)
  • Real Time Backbone.
  • Dynamic Configuration Routing.
  • Many Multimedia Traffic.
  • Video On Demand, Multimedia on Demand Video
    Teleconferences.

63
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
Major Application Will Be Virtual University -
Initiated By United Nation University , Tokyo,
Japan Others also very much welcome.
  • Multicast Backbone (MBONE)
  • IP Version 6 (the Next Generation)
  • Real Time Backbone.
  • Dynamic Configuration Routing.
  • Many Multimedia Traffic.
  • Video On Demand.
  • Multimedia on Demand.
  • Video Teleconferences.

64
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
65
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
Major Hub in Nara, Japan into WIDE Project
66
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
Asia Pacific Partners, Indonesia, Thailand,
Hongkong, Malaysia, Singapore, VietNam,
Cambodia, Phillipines, Korea Japan
67
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
There is effort to deploy Advanced Asia Pacific
Internet Backbone Running at 155Mbps...
68
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
69
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
2Mbps Clear Channel Direct Link to Nara, Japan
70
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
Other Universities Can Reach The AI3 Gateway by
Renting VSAT TDMA Ground Station Running at 64Kbps
71
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
US 1500 / Month for VSAT TDMA Means Less Then
Rp. 1000 (US 0.5) Per Student Per Month For 24
Hour Internet Access
72
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
For those who feel Rp. 1000/ Month still
expensive, the technology permits them to share
the cost with surrounding universities
via WaveLAN 2Mbps connection.
73
Major Recommendations
  • Internet Exchange.
  • Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT.
    Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite
    operators.
  • Human Resource Development - candidates are
    IPTEK-NET ITB/AI3 Gateway.

74
Major Recommendations
HRD Will Be The Key To Future Development of
Indonesias Internet ....
  • Internet Exchange.
  • Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT.
    Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite
    operators.
  • Human Resource Development - candidates are
    IPTEK-NET ITB/AI3 Gateway.

75
Major Recommendations
Internet is build on Educated People It Is
Difficult To Find Those With No Education
  • Internet Exchange.
  • Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT.
    Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite
    operators.
  • Human Resource Development - candidates are
    IPTEK-NET ITB/AI3 Gateway.

76
Human Resource Development
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.

77
Human Resource Development
More Than 1,5 Million Potential Internet Users.
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.

78
Human Resource Development
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.
  • More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.

79
Human Resource Development
Could Be Another 2-3 Million Potential Internet
Users.
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.
  • More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.

80
Human Resource Development
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.
  • More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.
  • A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is
    actually in Indonesia -) ..

81
Human Resource Development
10 internet users worldwide could be in
Indonesia! If We can only integrate
all Indonesian Universities.
  • 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.
  • More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.
  • A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is
    actually in Indonesia -) ..

82
5 Million Indonesian In Internet
  • Is Not At All Impossible!
  • In Fact, It Is A Business Opportunity.

83
Major Spin Off
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.

84
Major Spin Off
Assuming 50 PC / University (which is a very
conservative number)
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.

85
Major Spin Off
A Business In The Range of US 50-100 Million!
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.

86
Major Spin Off
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.
  • Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.

87
Major Spin Off
US 150.000 / Month - It Should Be A Business By
Itself.
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.
  • Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.

88
Major Spin Off
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.
  • Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.
  • Not to mention after the students completed their
    program ....

89
Major Spin Off
We Will Definitely See New Middle Class
Movement Using IT Heavily ...
  • More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.
  • Deploying 100-200 VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.
  • Not to mention after the students completed their
    program ....

90
Major Challenges ...
  • Universities cannot be pushed / forced to
    participate.
  • Not many expert on TCP/IP networking within
    each university.
  • It will be a tight yearly program to build the
    community within each university - to sustain
    such technology.

91
Summary ...
  • Yes,

92
Summary ...
  • Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia.

93
Summary ...
  • Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia.
  • Human Resource Development is the real issue.

94
Summary ...
  • Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia.
  • Human Resource Development is the real issue.
  • 5 Million Indonesian in Internet ....

95
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