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War and Peace in Literature and Photography

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Title: War and Peace in Literature and Photography


1
War and Peace in Literature and Photography
  • Martin Donohoe
  • http//www.publichealthandsocialjustice.org
  • http//www.phsj.org

2
Why Literature
  • Vicarious experience
  • Explore diverse philosophies
  • Promotes empathy, critical thinking, flexibility,
    non-dogmatism, self-knowledge
  • Encourages creative and ethical thinking
  • Allows for group discussion/debate
  • Valuable for educating health professionals

3
Themes
  • Honor
  • Futility
  • Suffering
  • Death
  • Abrogation of Rights
  • Protest
  • Peace

4
Famous Novels of War and Peace
  • War and Peace, Tolstoy
  • Red Badge of Courage, Crane
  • All Quiet on the Western Front, Remarque
  • Johnny Got His Gun, Trumbo
  • A Rumor of War, Caputo
  • A Canticle for Leibowitz, Miller

5
The War PrayerMark Twain (1835-1910)
  • Written during the US war on the Philippines
  • Submitted to Harper's Bazaar (exclusive contract)
    in 1895 - rejected as "not quite suited to a
    woman's magazine.
  • I don't think the prayer will be published in my
    time. None but the dead are permitted to tell the
    truth.
  • Published posthumously in 1923

6
  • The War Prayer
  • Mark Twain (aka Samuel Clemens)

7
Christopher ColumbusUpon meeting the Arawaks of
the Bahamas
  • Theybrought usmanythingsThey willingly
    traded everything they ownedThey do not bear
    armsThey would make fine servantsWith fifty men
    we could subjugate them all and make them do
    whatever we want.

8
John Wayne
  • I don't feel we did wrong in taking this great
    country away from them. There were great numbers
    of people who needed new land, and the Indians
    were selfishly trying to keep it for themselves.

9
William Tecumseh Sherman
  • War is hell.

10
Alexander Pope
  • Our business in the field of fight, Is not to
    question, but to prove our might.

11
Horace Odes (III.2.13)
  • Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori
  • It is sweet and fitting to die for ones country

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14
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"Wilfred Owen, 1917-18
  • In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He
    plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
  • If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
    Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And
    watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His
    hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin

15
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"Wilfred Owen
  • If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
    Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
    Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile,
    incurable sores on innocent tongues,- My friend,
    you would not tell with such high zest To
    children ardent for some desperate glory, The
    old Lie Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.

16
Ernest Hemingway
  • They wrote in the old days that it is sweet and
    fitting to die for one's country. But in modern
    war, there is nothing sweet nor fitting in your
    dying. You will die like a dog for no good
    reason.

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19
Josef Stalin
  • The death of one man is a tragedy. The death of
    millions is a statistic.

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23
SurvivorsSiegfried Sassoon, 1917
  • No doubt they'll soon get well the shock and
    strain Have caused their stammering,
    disconnected talk. Of course they're "longing to
    go out again," --These boys with old, scared
    faces, learning to walk.

24
Survivors Siegfried Sassoon, 1917
  • They'll soon forget their haunted nights their
    cowed Subjection to the ghosts of friends who
    died, -Their dreams that drip with murder and
    they'll be proud Of glorious war that shatter'd
    all their pride. . . Men who went out to battle,
    grim and glad Children, with eyes that hate
    you, broken and mad.

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30
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Every gun that is made, every warship launched,
    every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense,
    a theft from those who hunger and are not fed,
    those who are cold and not clothed.

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35
The BibleBook of Matthew
  • All they that take the sword, shall perish with
    the sword.

36
Mahatma Gandhi
  • An eye for an eye only makes the whole world
    blind.

37
Herbert Hoover
  • Older men declare war. But it's the youth who
    must fight and die!

38
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39
Issac Asimov
  • Violence is the first refuge of the incompetent.

40
Jean-Paul Sartre
  • When the rich wage war, it's the poor who die.

41
Arthur Ponsonby
  • When war is declared, Truth is the first
    casualty.

42
Hermann Goering(at the Nuremberg Trials, shortly
before being sentenced to death)
  • Of course the people don't want war. Butit is
    the leaders of the country who determine the
    policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag
    the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a
    fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a
    communist dictatorship . . .

43
Hermann Goering
  • Voice or no voice, the people can always be
    brought to the bidding of the leadersAll you
    have to do is to tell them they are being
    attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of
    patriotism and exposing the country to danger.

44
Samuel Johnson
  • Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel

45
George OrwellNineteen Eighty-Four
  • War is Peace.
  • Freedom is Slavery.
  • Ignorance is Strength.

46
Benjamin Franklin
  • They that can give up essential liberty to
    obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither
    liberty nor safety.

47
Will Rogers
  • You can't say that civilization don't advance,
    however, for in every war they kill you in a new
    way.

48
Solomon Short
  • The only winner in the War of 1812 was
    Tchaikovsky.

49
Mao Zedong
  • War can only be abolished through war, and in
    order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to
    take up the gun.

50
Albert Einstein
  • A country cannot simultaneously prevent and
    prepare for war.

51
Jeannette RankinFirst Female Member of Congress
  • You can no more win a war than you can win an
    earthquake.

52
At the Un-National Monument along the Canadian
BorderWilliam Stafford
  • This is the field where the battle did not
    happen,
  • where the unknown soldier did not die.
  • This is the field where grass joined hands,
  • where no monument stands,
  • and the only heroic thing is the sky.

53
At the Un-National Monument along the Canadian
BorderWilliam Stafford
  • Birds fly here without any sound,
  • unfolding their wings across the open.
  • No people killedor were killedon this ground
  • hallowed by neglect and an air so tame
  • that people celebrate it by forgetting its name.

54
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • We have to face the fact that either all of us
    are going to die together or we are going to
    learn to live together and if we are to live
    together we have to talk.

55
Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Our only hope today lies in our ability to
    recapture the revolutionary spirit and go into a
    sometimes hostile world declaring eternal
    hostility to poverty, racism, and militarism.

56
Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Darkness cannot drive out darkness only light
    can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate only
    love can do that.

57
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58
John F. Kennedy
  • Mankind must put an end to war before war puts
    an end to mankind.

59
R. Buckminster Fuller
  • Either war is obsolete or men are.

60
Albert Einstein
  • I know not with what weapons World War III will
    be fought, but World War IV will be fought with
    sticks and stones.

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62
John F. Kennedy
  • War will exist until that distant day when the
    conscientious objector enjoys the same reputation
    and prestige that the warrior does today.

63
Günter Grass
  • The first job of a citizen is to keep your mouth
    open.

64
First they came for the JewsPastor Niemoller
  • First they came for the Jews, and I did not speak
    up, for I was not a Jew.
  • Then they came for the communists, and I did not
    speak up for I was not a communist.
  • Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did
    not speak up, for I was not a trade unionist.
  • Then they came for me, and there was no one left
    to speak up for me.

65
Bob Dylan
  • Come you masters of warYou that build all the
    gunsYou that build the death planesYou that
    build the big bombsYou that hide behind
    wallsYou that hide behind desksI just want you
    to know I can see through your masks.

66
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward Howe
  • Arise then...women of this day!Arise, all women
    who have hearts!
  • Say firmly"We will not have questions answered
    by irrelevant agencies,Our husbands will not
    come to us, reeking with carnage,For caresses
    and applause.

67
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward Howe
  • Our sons shall not be taken from us to
    unlearnAll that we have been able to teach them
    of charity, mercy and patience.
  • From the bosom of a devastated Earth a voice
    goes up withOur own. It says "Disarm! Disarm!

68
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870Julia Ward Howe
  • Let women
  • promote the alliance of the different
    nationalities,The amicable settlement of
    international questions,The great and general
    interests of peace.

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71
Margaret Mead
  • Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful,
    committed people can change the world. Indeed, it
    is the only thing that ever has.

72
African Proverb
  • If you think you are too small to have an
    impact, try going to bed with a mosquito in your
    tent

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74
Contact Info, References
  • Martin Donohoe
  • martindonohoe_at_phsj.org
  • This slide show and others available at
  • http//www.publichealthandsocialjustice.org
  • http//www.phsj.org
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