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Visions: The Four Beasts

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Daniel spoke, saying, I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the Great Sea. And four great beasts came up from the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Visions: The Four Beasts


1
Visions The Four BeastsDescribed and Interpreted
  • Daniel 7

2
Daniel 71
In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon,
Daniel had a dream and visions of his head while
on his bed. Then he wrote down the dream, telling
the main facts.
3
Daniel 72 and 3
Daniel spoke, saying, I saw in my vision by
night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were
stirring up the Great Sea. And four great beasts
came up from the sea, each different from the
other.
4
Four Winds/Four Beasts
  • In the FIRST year of Nebuchadnezzars reign,
    Daniel has a dream and visions.
  • Upon his bedawake or asleep?
  • Wrote down what he had dreamed in detailtells
    the complete matter.
  • Probably around 549 B.C.

5
Four Winds/Four Beasts
  • Four winds of heaven.
  • Winds controlled by God.
  • Strong forces in society which produce upheavals
    in government and nations.
  • Thus, God is stirring up the nations.
  • Zechariah 26 65.
  • Jeremiah 1817 4932

6
Four Winds/Four Beasts
  • The Great sea.
  • The world sea, boundless, ocean, great abyss
  • Isaiah 5110
  • Jeremiah 467,8
  • The symbolism is that of the world of nations in
    a tumultuous state.
  • Figures denote invading armies.
  • Upheaval of nations and empires.

7
Four Winds/Four Beasts
  • The four great beasts.
  • They arise from the sea, but not simultaneously.
  • Each represents a kingdom of human origin and
    nature.
  • They are diverse from one another in worth yet,
    they have the following in common
  • Each rises from the sea.
  • Each is great.

8
Daniel 74
The first was like a lion, and had eagle's
wings. I watched till its wings were plucked off
and it was lifted up from the earth and made to
stand on two feet like a man, and a man's heart
was given to it.
First Beast
9
(No Transcript)
10
First Beast
The Lion
  • The beast corresponds to the head of gold in
    chapter 2.
  • This symbol is especially appropriate to the
    Babylonian empire.
  • Lion (king of the beasts) Eagle, (king of the
    birds).
  • Nebuchadnezzar compared to lion and eagle

11
Jeremiah 5017
Israel is like scattered sheep the lions have
driven him away. First the king of Assyria
devoured him now at last this Nebuchadnezzar
king of Babylon has broken his bones.
Nebuchadnezzar
12
Lamentation 419
Our pursuers were swifter than the eagles of the
heavens. They pursued us on the mountains and lay
in wait for us in the wilderness.
Nebuchadnezzar
13
Ezekiel 173
And say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD A great eagle
with large wings and long pinions, full of
feathers of various colors, came to Lebanon and
took from the cedar the highest branch.
Nebuchadnezzar
14
Ezekiel 1712
Say now to the rebellious house 'Do you not
know what these things mean?' Tell them, 'Indeed
the king of Babylon went to Jerusalem and took
its king and princes, and led them with him to
Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar
15
First Beast
The Lion
  • The beasts wings are plucked as Daniel watches.
  • Without wings, its deprived of its power of
    flight.
  • Babylon can no longer fly over and conquer the
    earth, nor hover over its world-wide ruling
    empire.

16
First Beast
The Lion
  • Raised (lifted) upon two feet like a man and
    given a mans heart.
  • Beasts nature was changed to the nature of a man
    inwardly (heart) and outwardly (feet).
  • Humanizing process
  • Babylonian Empire at first has a purely animal
    (heathenistic) character, but afterward this
    changes, and human qualities appear.

17
First Beast
The Lion
  • To Nebuchadnezzars humiliation, this happened
    (chapter 4).
  • Beasts heart humbled the monarch (413).
  • The king and kingdom are viewed as identical.

18
Jeremiah 276
And now I have given all these lands into the
hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My
servant and the beasts of the field I have also
given him to serve him.
Nebuchadnezzar
19
Jeremiah 277
So all nations shall serve him and his son and
his son's son, until the time of his land comes
and then many nations and great kings shall make
him serve them.
Nebuchadnezzar
20
Jeremiah 278
And it shall be, that the nation and kingdom
which will not serve Nebuchadnezzar the king of
Babylon, and which will not put its neck under
the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation I
will punish, says the LORD, with the sword, the
famine, and the pestilence, until I have consumed
them by his hand.
Nebuchadnezzar
21
Daniel 75
And suddenly another beast, a second, like a
bear. It was raised up on one side, and had three
ribs in its mouth between its teeth. And they
said thus to it 'Arise, devour much flesh!
Second Beast
22
The Bear
SecondBeast
  • Description and action
  • Raised up on one side
  • It has three ribs in its teeth
  • Commanded to arise and devour much flesh
  • The word another distinguished the bear from
    the lion, and second denoted the order

23
The Bear
SecondBeast
  • The bear is inferior to the lion, just as the
    silver is inferior to the gold (chapter 2).
  • The bear raised up on one side does not mean
  • Establish a kingdom
  • It stood on its hind feet
  • Stood aloof from hurting the Hebrews people
  • Stood by the lion

24
The Bear
SecondBeast
  • Purpose of going forwardlinks command to
    devour.
  • Double-sided nature of this kingdom--ready to
    march forward in conquest.
  • The bear, representing the Medo-Persian nation,
    being lifted up denotes, in symbolic language,
    the double-sidedness of the empire.

25
The Bear
SecondBeast
  • The three ribs
  • The number may be meant to be taken as a round
    numbernot content to devour one nation.
  • Some suggested three distinct nationsBabylon,
    Lydia, and Egypt.
  • Cant be dogmatic

26
The Bear
SecondBeast
  • The bear commanded to arise and devour much
    flesh.
  • Does not mean that he furthers his career of
    future conquests.
  • He is commanded to consume that which is already
    between his teeth.
  • Command is God-givenGod rules the nations!
  • Daniel 221 Ezekiel 3814

27
Daniel 76
After this I looked, and there was another, like
a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a
bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion
was given to it.
Third Beast
28
Third Beast
The Leopard
  • The third empirethe Macedonian (Grecian) is
    represented by a panther.
  • With four wingstwo pairsupon its back
  • With four heads
  • Dominion given to it
  • The leopard (panther) is noted for nimbleness,
    striking quickly, agility, and prowess.

29
Third Beast
The Leopard
  • The wings and the heads.
  • Wings of a birdnot an eagle.
  • Wings denoted swiftness.
  • Wings of a lion, being presumably one pair,
    would denote the increased rapidity and swiftness
    of its conquests.
  • Seen in Alexander the Greats swift conquests.

30
Third Beast
The Leopard
  • The heads NOT
  • Four Persian kings.
  • Four successors of Alexander--Ptolemy, Seleucias,
    Philip, and Antigonus.
  • The four divisions of Alexanders
    conquest--Greece, Western Asia, Egypt, and
    Persia.

31
Third Beast
The Leopard
  • The heads ARE
  • Four corners of the earth (Ezekiel 16),
  • Extent of the kingdom,
  • Dominion given to it,
  • Under Gods overruling providence,
  • Can conquer because God gives it power to do so.
  • Could be four kingdoms divided up after
    Alexanders death???

32
Daniel 77
After this I saw in the night visions, and
behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible,
exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth it
was devouring, breaking in pieces...
Fourth Beast
33
Daniel 77
... and trampling the residue with its feet. It
was different from all the beasts that were
before it, and it had ten horns.
Fourth Beast
34
Fourth Beast
  • The beast described
  • This beast is introduced with significant
    sobriety and solemness
  • Its identity with the iron in the image in
    chapter 2 is unmistakable.
  • Its power and ability to destroy are particularly
    magnified. Note its massive iron teeth and
    characteristic rage for destruction.

35
Fourth Beast
  • The beast is nondescript.
  • This beast has no counterpart in all of nature.
  • Nothing in animal kingdom to compare to it.
  • This beast is diverse from the three that
    precede it. Noted for its destructiveness.
  • It devours, crushes, and tramples.

36
Fourth Beast
  • The beast has ten horns.
  • The horns are kingsnot specific kings.
  • The number 10 is to be taken in its symbolic
    sense as the number 4 in verse 6.
  • Multiplicity of rulers comprehensive and
    definite totality.
  • The horns symbolize power.

37
Fourth Beast
  • Hence the ten horns denote the completeness of
    power in its ability to destroy.
  • Notice Daniels attempt to describe that which is
    difficult to comprehend.
  • This is a complete picture of something that has
    unlimited ability and power to destroy its
    enemies!

38
Daniel 78
I was considering the horns, and there was
another horn, a little one, coming up among them,
before whom three of the first horns were plucked
out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were
eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking
pompous words.
Fourth Beast
39
Fourth Beast
  • Daniel continues to look at the horns to seek
    to understand them.
  • The manner of the little horns introduction in
    the vision notes its importance.
  • The little horn plucked up three of the ten
    horns as it came up among them.

40
Fourth Beast
  • Not described as growing in stature as the
    little horn in Chapter 8.
  • As a little horn, it makes war against the
    saints (721).
  • Little to magnify its principal features, which
    are its eyes and mouth.
  • Hence, it represents a small kingdom whose power
    is concentrated in its king.

41
Fourth Beast
  • This little horn is proud, presumptuous, and
    arrogant.
  • Its words are directed toward Gods people.
  • Its war is against the kingdom of the saints.
  • Civil persecution power of Rome.
  • Pride and self-exultation are its chief
    attributes.

42
Four Beasts
  • Four beasts, which symbolized four great empires,
    were diverse from one another.
  • They had three things in common
  • Each sought to conquer, control, and rule by
    military force.
  • Each was an idolatrous nation, worshipping a
    pantheon of idol gods of its own creation.
  • Each strongly opposed Jehovah God and His
    kingdom each was an enemy of God.

43
Daniel 79
I watched till thrones were put in place, and
the Ancient of Days was seated His garment was
white as snow, and the hair of His head was like
pure wool. His throne was a fiery flame, its
wheels a burning fire.
Ancient of Days
44
Daniel 710
A fiery stream issued and came forth from before
Him. A thousand thousands ministered to Him ten
thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The
court was seated, and the books were opened.
Ancient of Days
45
Daniel 711
I watched then because of the sound of the
pompous words which the horn was speaking I
watched till the beast was slain, and its body
destroyed and given to the burning flame.
Ancient of Days
46
Daniel 712
As for the rest of the beasts, they had their
dominion taken away yet their lives were
prolonged for a season and a time.
Ancient of Days
47
The Ancient of Days
  • Action is continuous. As Daniel beheld, the mouth
    of the little horn continued to speakbut the
    scene shifts
  • The thrones scene
  • The judgment is set.
  • A heavenly court
  • Courtroom scene befitting the majesty of Heavens
    God.

48
(No Transcript)
49
(No Transcript)
50
1 Kings 2219
Then Micaiah said, Therefore hear the word of
the LORD I saw the LORD sitting on His throne,
and all the host of heaven standing by, on His
right hand and on His left.
Throne Scene
51
Revelation 14
John, to the seven churches which are in Asia
Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who
was and who is to come, and from the seven
Spirits who are before His throne.
Throne Scene
52
Revelation 204
And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and
judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the
souls of those who had been beheaded for their
witness to Jesus and for the word of God...
Throne Scene
53
The Ancient of Days
  • Literally means one advanced in days (years).
  • God manifests Himself in the vision, in this
    majestic, visible, form.
  • Ezekiel 126 Job 3626
  • Age inspires veneration and creates the
    impression of majesty.
  • His raiment, which is white as snow, indicates
    dignity and purity.
  • Isaiah 118

54
The Ancient of Days
  • The hair of his head was as pure wool.
  • Revelation 114
  • His throne was of fiery flames.
  • In scripture, fire is often noted in connection
    with Gods presence.
  • Exodus 1918 2018
  • Deuteronomy 424
  • Ezekiel 113
  • Psalm 973

55
The Ancient of Days
  • In Daniels vision, the fire represents the power
    that
  • Destroys the beast (vs.11)
  • Consumes the little horn (vs.26)
  • Wheels of burning fire reminiscent of Ezekiel
    115-28(chariot throne)

56
The Ancient of Days
  • Central position and character of the Ancient of
    Days is noted by
  • From before Him (Revelation 45)
  • Unto Him thousands and thousands ministered
  • Innumerable multitudes stand ready to serve the
    Almighty Ancient of Days.
  • Not a definite number
  • Before him 10,000 times 10,000a number beyond
    numeral count.

57
The Ancient of Days
  • The judgment was set and the books open
  • The books were opened. Mens actions during life
    are recorded and available for examination.
  • Revelation 2012
  • This passage refers particularly to the deeds of
    the four beasts and the little horns actions

58
The Ancient of Days
  • Voice of the great words which the horn spoke.
  • Daniel heard the presumptuous words of the
    little horn while beholding this judgment
    scene.
  • I beheld even until the beast was slain
  • Judgment comes upon the fourth beast.
  • Denotes his complete and utter destruction.

59
The Ancient of Days
  • The rest of the beasts
  • The first three named in the visionactually and
    historically perished before the fourth.
  • The fate of the first three was not as terrible
    as that of the fourth.
  • Lost their power to rulebut were allowed to
    continue to live.
  • Acts 1726

60
The Ancient of Days
  • Therefore, at the appointed time, the dominion of
    each of these beasts was taken away.
  • LionBabylon
  • BearMedo-Persian
  • Leopard--Greece
  • A season and a timesets forth the idea of a
    predetermined time.

61
Daniel 713
I was watching in the night visions, and behold,
One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds
of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and
they brought Him near before Him.
Ancient of Days
62
Daniel 714
Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a
kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages
should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting
dominion, which shall not pass away, and His
kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed.
Ancient of Days
63
The Ancient of Days
  • This scene is the climax of the entire seventh-
    chapter vision.
  • The judgment Daniel beholds does not end world
    powers.
  • He (a figure in human form) comes in the clouds.
  • Isaiah 191
  • Nahum 13
  • Matthew 2430

64
The Ancient of Days
  • One like the son of man receiving an eternal
    kingdom, explicitly contrasts with one like the
    beast with a kingdom totally different in
    nature.
  • Came to the Ancient of Days.
  • Brought and presented near before Him.
  • What was He given?
  • Dominion
  • Glory
  • Kingdom (sovereignty)

65
The Ancient of Days
  • All peoples, nations, and languages serve Him.
  • The subjects serve the king.
  • Truly universal in scope.
  • His dominion is everlasting, and His kingdom is
    indestructible.
  • Daniel 244,45
  • Hebrews 1228
  • Matthew 1616-18
  • Acts 19-11

66
Daniel 715,16
I, Daniel, was grieved in my spirit within my
body, and the visions of my head troubled me. I
came near to one of those who stood by, and asked
him the truth of all this. So he told me and made
known to me the interpretation of these things.
Truth Revealed
67
Daniel 717,18
Those great beasts, which are four, are four
kings which arise out of the earth. But the
saints of the Most High shall receive the
kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even
forever and ever.
Truth Revealed
68
Vision Interpreted
  • The truth concerning all this.
  • Four beastsfour kings.
  • The concrete (king) is used for the abstract
    (kingdom).
  • Says little about the first three, but
    concentrates on the fourth.
  • Saints of the Most High shall receive the
    kingdom.

69
Vision Interpreted
  • Saints of the Most High shall receive the
    kingdom.
  • Saints (holy ones) are true members of the
    covenant nation, the elect of God, and the
    congregations of the churches.
  • Matthew 1616-19
  • Acts 241-47
  • Acts 101ff
  • Colossians 113,14
  • Hebrews 1222-29

70
Vision Interpreted
  • They are not to establish it.
  • They are to possess the kingdom.
  • This possession is forever.
  • A contrast, vivid and unmistakably clear, is
    drawn between physical powers (kingdoms) and the
    heavenly. This is most comforting and reassuring
    to those under trial as in the times of Daniel
    (and Johns Revelation).

71
Daniel 719
Then I wished to know the truth about the fourth
beast, which was different from all the others,
exceedingly dreadful, with its teeth of iron and
its nails of bronze, which devoured, broke in
pieces, and trampled the residue with its feet.
Fourth Beast
72
Daniel 720
And the ten horns that were on its head, and the
other horn which came up, before which three
fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a
mouth which spoke pompous words, whose appearance
was greater than his fellows.
Fourth Beast
73
Daniel 721, 22
I was watching and the same horn was making war
against the saints, and prevailing against them,
until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment
was made in favor of the saints of the Most High,
and the time came for the saints to possess the
kingdom.
Fourth Beast
74
Fourth Beast
  • Last period of the beasts existence
  • Attention to the persecuting power (little
    horn) against the saints of the kingdom those
    who oppose the Christ.
  • This persecution comes through human
    instruments.
  • This persecution has never ceased, for it is
    stirred by Satan himself. (Revelation 1217)

75
Fourth Beast
  • This persecuting power will war against Christs
    church, but it will not ultimately prevail.
  • Victory for the Lord and His saints is assured!
  • The little horn prevails only until the time
    the Ancient of Days comes and announces judgment
    in favor of the saints.
  • Revelation 69-11

76
Fourth Beast
  • Verses 21,22 are not an interpretation they are
    part of the vision itself.
  • This judgment is not by the saints but in behalf
    of the saints.
  • When judgment is announced, the saints are in
    eternal and secure possession of the kingdom.
  • Revelation 207215
  • 1 Peter 13-5
  • 2 Peter 111

77
Daniel 723
Thus he said 'The fourth beast shall be a
fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be different
from all other kingdoms, and shall devour the
whole earth, trample it and break it in pieces.
Fourth Beast
78
Daniel 724
The ten horns are ten kings who shall arise from
this kingdom. And another shall rise after them
He shall be different from the first ones, and
shall subdue three kings.
Fourth Beast
79
Daniel 725
He shall speak pompous words against the Most
High, shall persecute the saints of the Most
High, and shall intend to change times and law.
Then the saints shall be given into his hand for
a time and times and half a time.
Fourth Beast
80
Fourth Beast The
Interpretation
  • Diversity is noted
  • Destroying power
  • Duration and breadth
  • Mightier than any before it
  • The ten hornsten kings?
  • The ten (number) need not necessarily be taken
    literally. The symbolism of the description must
    be taken into account.
  • Strict literal interpretation demands these
    kings be contemporary, for the horns appear
    together on the beast. Arise out of the fourth
    beast!

81
Fourth Beast The
Interpretation
  • Common factor of these horns is that they exist
    during the second phase of the beasts history
    (chapter 8).
  • The little horn, another king shall arise.
  • How the arrogant, presumptuous horn will put
    down three kings is not noted.
  • The little horn will speak against the Most High.
  • Whatever its outward historical form is to be, it
    is the manifestation of the spirit which exalts
    man and opposes the Son of man and His kingdom.

82
Fourth Beast The
Interpretation
  • He will use language that will endeavor to set
    God aside. (Hosea 104)
  • He will wear out the saints. (Revelation
    1213-17 135-10)
  • He will think to assume (in his arrogance and
    pride) activity which belong to God alone.
  • Change the times (Genesis 1814)
  • Change the law (Revelation 134,12)

83
Fourth Beast The
Interpretation
  • A time and times and half time.
  • Not 3 ½ years, 1260 days of the 70th week
    (924-27)
  • Not the period of Antiochus Epiphanes
  • This peculiar statement clearly sets forth
  • The absoluteness of the last stage of the power
    of the little horn
  • This period of time is a length measured by God
  • The word is chronologically an indefinite
    expression. Thus, it is to be understood
    symbolically.

84
Fourth Beast The
Interpretation
  • A time and times and half time.
  • The symbolism of the expression
  • Half of seven times 3 ½ years
  • Apparently stands for a period of different
    phases of testing, trial, and judgment.
  • This oppression of Gods people appears for a
    time then extends itself two times. Does not
    continue to double itself, thus making seven
    times all told.
  • The expression shows that the persecution (by
    little horns power) of the saints quickly
    manifests itself in order to come to a sudden end
    by the intervention of divine judgment.

85
Daniel 726
But the court shall be seated, and they shall
take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it
forever.
Destroyed and Consumed
86
Daniel 727
Then the kingdom and dominion, And the greatness
of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be
given to the people, the saints of the Most High.
His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all
dominions shall serve and obey Him.
Destroyed and Consumed
87
Daniel 728
This is the end of the account. As for me,
Daniel, my thoughts greatly troubled me, and my
countenance changed but I kept the matter in my
heart.
Daniel Troubled
88
Little Horn Destroyed
and Consumed
  • The judgment here is in reference to the little
    horn.
  • They shall take away his dominion.
  • To consume and destroy it unto the end (forever)
  • 2 Thessalonians 15-7
  • 2 Thessalonians 18-10
  • 2 Thessalonians 28-12

89
Kingdom Given to the Saints
  • They will receive the kingdom eternally
    (Revelation 16).
  • This kingdom is His (The Most High), and it is
    everlasting (Luke 2229).
  • Those in it shall serve and obey Him.
  • End of the matter
  • Daniels concernthoughts troubled him.
  • Daniels countenancebrightness changed.
  • Daniels constancykept it in his heart.
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