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Title:

The Alphabetic Principle

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Carol McDonald Connor Last modified by: tuckers Created Date: 7/29/2004 1:28:32 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 17 September 2020
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Title: The Alphabetic Principle


1
The Alphabetic Principle
  • Frederick J. Morrison
  • University of Michigan
  • October 1, 2004

2
Current Trends in Literacy Research
  • Early individual differences
  • Multiple sources of influence
  • Sources interact
  • Variable early schooling experiences

3
Emerging Themes
  • Specificity of environmental influences
  • Child by instruction interactions

4
Sources of Variability in the Transition to School
5
Child Factors
  • Language
  • Literacy
  • Self-regulation
  • Motivation

6
Preschool Language Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Receptive
  • Expressive
  • Syntax
  • Semantics
  • Pragmatics
  • Phonology?

7
Emergent Literacy Skills
  • Alphabetic knowledge
  • Letter names
  • Letter sounds
  • Phonological skills
  • Syllables
  • Sub-syllables
  • Phonemes
  • Letter-sound correspondences
  • Concepts of print

8
Learning the Alphabetic Principle
  • Not necessarily intuitive
  • Gradual acquisition over school transition period
  • Phonemic awareness is most difficult
  • Linking alphabetic knowledge and phonological
    skills
  • Why important cracking the code

9
Phases of Phonological Development
  • Rhyming
  • Cat in the hat
  • Segmenting
  • Initial consonant stripping
  • Blending
  • /b/r/a/k/e
  • Developmental trends
  • ReadingPhonologyBreathingAir!

10
Conclusions
  • Importance of preschool years
  • Development of alphabetic principle is critical
    (but dont forget other preschool skills!)
  • For some children, explicit instruction is
    necessary
  • Foundation for later reading and literacy

11
Spring Letter-word Recognition

75
5-11 5-9 5-7 5-5 5-3 5-1 4-9
Spring Age Equivalent
75th percentile
25th percentile
0 4 8 12
16
Teacher-managed Word Level - Minutes per Day
12
Spring Letter-word Recognition
75
5-11 5-9 5-7 5-5 5-3 5-1 4-9 4-7
Spring Age Equivalent
75th percentile
25th percentile
0 5 10 15 20
Teacher-managed Higher Order - Minutes per Day
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