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It is very effective and is commonly used in an event and a narrative essay. ... lenses one to collect light from a distant ... in the photo , however, is my ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • Narration Description

  • thesis
  • chronological order
  • simile (with examples)
  • metaphor (with examples)
  • personification (with examples)
  • hyperbole (with examples)
  • emphatic order
  • spatial order
  • topic sentence

  • transitional words (transitions)
  • flashback
  • fiction
  • dramatic structure
  • first-person approach
  • memoir
  • narration
  • description
  • cliché

Answer the Questions according to the paragraphs
  • (1) At my graduation they gave me a ring with
    the same setting but different stones. Its just
    a simple white gold hoop hugging my middle
    finger. But then there are the stones set in the
    middle, two white sapphires and one blue. What is
    significant about this ring is not the symbolism
    or the look of the ring, but rather the story of
    how my grandfather came to possess the stones in
    World War II.

  • What is the thesis statement of the essay?

  • (2) Astronomers use three basic types of
    telescopes to explore the vastness of space. To
    begin with, the refractor telescope uses two
    lensesone to collect light from a distant object
    and bring it in focus, and another in the
    eyepiece to magnify the image. Furthermore, there
    is the reflector telescope, which makes use of
    concave mirror instead of a lens to reflect light
    rays to the upper end of the telescope. Last, and
    perhaps most important in terms of studying
    phenomena outside the Earths atmosphere, is the
    radio telescope, with gathers waves with a wire
    antenna serving as a parabolic reflecting
    surface. The discovery of mysterious quasars and
    pulsars was made possible by this kind of

  • 2. What is the type of order used?
  • Please specify the words indicting this type of
  • What transitional words/phrases are used?

  • (3) Suddenly, I wanted to write about
    that, about the warmth and good feeling of it,
    but I wanted to put it down simply for my own
    joy, not for Mr. Fleagle. It was a moment I
    wanted to recapture and hold for myself. I wanted
    to relive the pleasure of an evening at New
    Street. To write it as I wanted, however, would
    violate all the rules of formal composition Id
    learned at school, and Mr. Fleagle would surely
    give it a falling grade. Never mind. I would
    write something else for Mr. Fleagle after I had
    written this thing for myself.

  • What order does the writer use in describing the
    incidents in his narrative?
  • Is this paragraph subjective or objective?
  • What is the tense employed in this paragraph?
    Please explain why.

  • (4) _______________________________________.
  • The first one that most people are familiar
    with is the desk dictionary, sometimes referred
    to as a general-purpose dictionary. Another kind
    is the pronouncing dictionary, which is concerned
    with a words pronunciation more than with its
    meaning. A third type is the bilingual
    dictionary, which lists the words in one language
    and attempt to give equivalent meanings in
    another language. Other types include technical
    dictionaries, special-purpose dictionaries, and
    scholarly dictionaries.

  • After a careful reading of this paragraph, please
    write an appropriate topic sentence.
  • What transitional words/phrases are used?

  • (5) To begin with, each year the Swedish
    Academy of sciences (physics and chemistry) and
    the Carline Medical Institute (physiology and
    medicine) solicit nearly 2,000 recommendations
    from past laureates, university professors, and
    other experts from all over the world. After the
    first step is the review of recommendation
    received and the selections of preliminary
    candidates by special committees within the two
    Swedish institutions. The committee members are
    specially instructed that those chosen shall
    have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind,
    and that no consideration be given to the
    candidates nationalities. In his will, Alfred
    Nobel left specific instructions as to how the
    winners of the science awards he endowed are to
    be selected. Next, after lengthy investigation
    and discussion, the choices are made for each
    discipline. Finally, telegrams informing them of
    their awards are sent to the new Nobel laureates
    about one month prior to the award ceremony.

  • The topic sentence is not explicitly stated at
    the beginning of the paragraph on the contrary,
    it is within the paragraph. Please identify it.
  • What order does the writer use in his paragraph?
  • Please specify the transitional words/
  • phrases indicting this type of order.

  • (6) In the morning they awoke outside another
    Howard Johnsons, and this time Vingo went in.
    the girl instead that he join them. He seemed
    very shy and ordered black coffee and smoked
    nervously, as the young people chattered about
    sleeping on the beaches. When they were back on
    the bus, the girl sat with Vingo again, and after
    a while, slowly and painfully and with great
    hesitation, he began to tell his story. He had
    been in jail in new York for the last four years,
    and now he was going home.

  • Please find out at least two pieces of evidence
    in this paragraph to support the idea that Vingo
    seemed very shy.

  • (7) The young woman in that picture has a
    face that resembles my own in many ways. Her face
    is a bit oval than mine, but the softly waving
    brown hair around it is identical. The small,
    straight nose is the same mode I was born with.
    My great-grandmothers mouth is closed, yet there
    is just the slightest hint of a smile on her full
    lips. I know that if she had smiled, she would
    have shown the same wide grin and down-curving
    smile-lines that appear in my own snapshots.
    The most haunting feature in the photo, however,
    is my great-grandmothers eyes. They are an exact
    duplicate of my own large, dark brown ones. Her
    brows are plucked into thin lines, which are like
    two pencil strokes added to highlight those fine,
    luminous eyes.

  • What methods of organization does this paragraph
  • Which sentence in this paragraph suggests the
    method of organization saving the primary for

  • (8) Past the small concrete patio behind our
    house was a typical yard that suffered from crab
    grass and a chain-like fence. Behind the fence
    was a dirt alley that would fill with billowing
    dust when cars or trucks drove by too quickly.
    But beyond that was greenthe vibrant, verdant
    green of trees and tall pasture grass that
    created a stark contrast to he dull, brown
    exterior of our neighborhood.

  • What methods of organization does this paragraph
  • What words in this paragraph suggests this method
    of organization?
  • What are the descriptive details the writer uses
    to contrast the area past the dirt alley with his

  • (9) Seeing Iraq has changed my outlook
  • on life. I wish that I could share it with you
    all firsthandso that you too may experience the
    people and appreciate the gift we have in being
    Americans. . . . I will always remember that
    little boy each and every time I want to complain
    about my life . . . each time I gripe about the
    bills for my electricity, water, food and
    clothing. We are truly the lucky ones.

  • This is a paragraph adapted form the essay A
    Letter from the Desert Please identify the
    thesis of this paragraph.

  • (10) Many times the cars were jammed with
    people, like the clown car at the circus. I
    wondered how the car could run at all. As the
    convoy passed, the people vigorously waved and
    smiled. Some gave us the thumbs up sign to
    convey their support . . . I happily waved back.
    The men are like the children. They waved and
    clapped and said Thank you. . . . The children
    upset me the most. They were dirty and skinny,
    but they had the most incredible smiles. Their
    clothes looked like hand-me-downs. I didnt see
    one child with what appeared to be new clothes.

  • What method of organization is used in this
  • What are the similes employed in this paragraph?

  • (11) In the first place, in the warmth of the
    inner Solar System, a comet releases clouds of
    vapor and dust that form the glowing head and
    than leak into the tail, which is the cosmic
    equivalent of an oil slick. Pieces of the dust
    later hit the Earth, as meteors. The last sort of
    pollution, perhaps the most commonly seen
    pollution, takes place when a few survivors among
    the comets evolve into menacing lumps of dirt in
    tight orbits around the sun. For the
    above-mentioned reasons, comets are, in my
    opinion, best regarded as a conspicuous form of
    sky pollution.

  • 21. Please identify the thesis of this paragraph.
  • 22. What method of organization is used in this
  • 23. Which sentence in this paragraph suggests
    this method of organization?

  • ascending (emphatic) order
  • ? Emphatic order signifies a type of
    organization saving the most important, complex,
    colorful, or memorable details till the last.
    Readers are left with a strong impression of the
    most effective details.

  • chronological (time) order
  • ? Chronological order presents details in
    the order they actually occurred. It is very
    effective and is commonly used in an event and a
    narrative essay.

  • spatial order
  • ? Spatial order refers to describing a place
    or an object in a way that a reader can clearly
    picture the various details. In this order, the
    writer describes the larger elements of a scene
    first, and moves to a description of the smaller