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Beginning of Civilization

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Beginning of Civilization Analyzing the origin of Man Day I What was early man like? Take out your KWL Chart Introduction The earliest civilizations shared many ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beginning of Civilization


1
Beginning of Civilization
  • Analyzing the origin of Man
  • Day I

2
What was early man like? Take out your KWL Chart
  • Using the KWL
  • Write what you know
  • about pre-historic man

What I Know about early man What I Learned About early man What Id Like to find out

3
Introduction
  • The earliest civilizations shared many common
    features. The most significant of these was that
    they grew out of farming settlements in river
    valleys. The four early river valley
    civilizations rose in Mesopotamia (modern day
    Iraq), Egypt, the Indus River Valley, and the
    Huang He valley.
  • They developed in the valley between the Tigris
    and Euphrates, along the Nile, the Indus and
    Ganges, and Yellow Rivers respectively.
  • As we discuss the beginnings of man, please
    consider how this information was obtained.
    Archeologist, cartographers, and anthologist have
    spent immeasurable amounts of time discovering
    priceless artifacts and designing maps that link
    the past to our present. In addition, as you
    read, observe, interact, and research the
    beginnings of early civilizations you will be
    able to compare and contrast the way people in
    earliest civilizations lived prior to the
    development of agriculture. Futhermore, you
    will be able to understand how agriculture
    changed the culture of man.

4
Lets Take a look at the world before Man was
Supreme
5
Now lets review
  • Compare and contrast early human species to
    modern man.

Modern Man Pre-historic Man
Similarities
Differences

6
Record and Define Essential Terms
  • Mary Leaky, Ice Man, fossil, artifact,
    technology, homo sapiens, Stone Age, nomad,
    culture, Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age,
    civilization

7
The Beginning of Civilization
  • Human Origins
  • Day II

8
Lets review and add to our KWL
What I Know about early man What I Learned About early man What Id Like to find out

9
Lets review our Compare/Comparison Graphic
organizer
Modern Man Pre-historic Man
Similarities
Differences

10
The First Humans
Theories on prehistory and early man constantly
change as new evidence comes to light.
- Louis Leakey, British
paleoanthropologist
11
Early Discoveries
12
Stages of Early Human Development
1. 4,000,000 BCE 1,000,000 BCE
Paleolithic Age( Old Stone Age ) 2,500,000 BCE
to 8,000 BCE
2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE
3. 250,000 BCE 30,000 BCE
4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE
13
The Paleolithic Age
  • Paleolithic --gt Old Stone Age
  • 2,500,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
  • Made tools
  • hunting (men) gathering (women) ?
    small bands of 20-30 humans
  • NOMADIC (moving from place to place)

14
Stage 1
4,000,000 BCE 1,000,000 BCE
  • Hominids --gt any member of the family of
    two-legged primates that includes all humans.
  • Australopithecines
  • An Opposable Thumb

15
Stage 1
  • HOMO HABILIS ( Man of Skills )
  • found in East Africa.
  • created stone tools.

16
The Paleolithic Age
  • Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
  • Cave paintings left behind.

Purpose??
17
Stage 2
1,6000,000 BCE 30,000 BCE
  • HOMO ERECTUS ( Upright Human Being )
  • BIPEDALISM
  • Larger and more varied tools --gt primitive
    technology
  • First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for
    Europe and Asia.
  • First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )

18
Differing Human Migration Theories
Are we all Africans under the skin????
19
Stage 3
200,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
HOMO SAPIENS ( Wise Human Being )
Neanderthals( 200,000 BCE 30,000 BCE )
Cro-Magnons( 40,000 BCE 10,000 BCE )
20
Stage 3
NEANDERTHALS
  • Neander Valley, Germany (1856)
  • First humans to bury their dead.
  • Made clothes from animal skins.
  • Lived in caves and tents.

21
Stage 3
NEANDERTHALS
Early Hut/Tent
22
Stage 3
CRO-MAGNONs
  • Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise human )
  • By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.

WHY???
23
Homo sapiens sapiens in Europe
24
The Last Ice Age
70,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
25
The Neolithic Age
  • Neolithic ? New Stone Age
  • 10,000 BCE 4,000 BCE
  • Gradual shift from

Nomadic lifestyle ? settled, stationery lifestyle.
Hunting/Gathering ? agricultural production and
domestication of animals.
26
The Agricultural Revolution
  • 8,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
  • Agriculture developed independently in
    different parts of the world.
  • SLASH-AND-BURN Farming

Middle East India Central America
China Southeast Asia 8,000 BCE 7,000
BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
27
The Agricultural Revolution
?
?
Development of Agriculture
?
?
28
The Agricultural Revolution
Why do you think the development of agriculture
occurred around the same time in several
different places?
29
The Agricultural Revolution
Why do some archaeologists believe that women
were the first farmers?
30
Early Settled Communities
  • Growing crops on a regular basis made possible
    the support of larger populations.
  • More permanent, settled communities emerged.
  • 9,000 BCE ? Earliest Agricultural Settlement at
    JARMO ( northern Iraq ) ? wheat

31
Early Settled Communities
  • 8,000 BCE ? Largest Early Settlement at Çatal
    Hüyük ( Modern Turkey ) ? 6,000 inhabitants
  • 12 cultivated crops
  • Division of labor
  • Engaged in trade
  • Organized religion

An obsidian dagger
  • Small military

32
Early Settled Communities
Çatal Hüyük
33
The Agricultural Revolution
What role did the food supply play in shaping the
nomadic life of hunter-gatherers and the settled
life of the farmers?
34
Why is the "Neolithic Revolution" a turning
point in human history??
35
What is the next step in the development
of human settlements??
36
CITIES !
CIVILIZATIONS !!
37
What are the characteristics of a civilization??
38
Advanced Cities
Advanced Technology
CIVILIZATION
Specialized Workers
Record- Keeping
Complex Institutions
39
Lets revisit our KWL
What I Know about early man What I Learned About early man What Id Like to find out

40
Lets review Vocabulary
  • Identify a member of a group that has no
    permanent home, wandering from place to place in
    search of food and water?
  • Identify a prehistoric period that in which
    people made use of crude stone tools and weapons.
  • Identify a unique way of life, as shown by tools,
    customs, arts, and ideas.

41
Record and answer this question using two or more
paragraphs
  • How did the development of agriculture impact
    early man?

42
The Beginnings of Civilization
  • The Origin of Man
  • Day 3

43
Can you answer these questions?
  • Compare and contrast early human species to
    modern man.
  • How did the development of agriculture impact
    early man?
  • What activity was the most important foundation
    of cities and civilization?

44
Just think
  • Agriculture. Farming began during the Neolithic
    Revolution as people began to plant seeds, grow
    their own food, domesticate animals and settle in
    villages. It was a slow process that occurred at
    different times around the world but can be dated
    a far back as 8000 BCE in the Middle East. The
    Neolithic Revolution also saw technological
    advances such as the development of the plow and
    fertilization techniques the invention of the
    loom and the wheel the skill of baking clay
    bricks for building and hammering metals for
    weapons and jewelry and the development of a
    calendar.

45
Just think.
  • It spurred the growth of cities. Civilization
    comes from the Latin word civitas which means
    city.
  • It spurred the growth of cities. Civilization
    comes from the Latin word civitas which means
    city.

46
Just think
  • Yes. Civilizations developed an economy. Economy
    can be defined as the means by which peoples
    material needs are met through the use of their
    environment.
  • Agriculture led to surplus food so some people
    began to earn a living doing other things besides
    farming. People became metal workers, merchants,
    traders, and priests. Trade and commerce led to a
    need for record keeping which led to systems of
    writing and the new occupation of scribe.

47
Can you answer?
  • What were people with specialized skills called?

48
Lets Review vocabulary
  • Identify any remains, impression, or trace of a
    living thing of a former geologic age, as a
    skeleton, footprint, etc.
  • Identify a handmade object, as a tool, or the
    remains of one, as a shard of pottery,
    characteristic of an earlier time or cultural
    stage.
  • A British anthropologist major figure in
    discovering East African pre-history, best known
    for excavations of some of the earliest members
    of the human family.

49
Take a look at Mans growth
50
Create an outline to organize main ideas and
details
  • Humans try to control nature
  • I. Early Advance in Technology and Art
  • A. Why were tools needed?
  • B. List examples of artistic expression of
    Paleolithic Age.
  • II. Beginnings of Agriculture
  • A. What spurred the beginning of Agriculture
    Revolution?
  • B. List causes of Agriculture Revolution.
  • C. Identify early methods of farming.
  • D. Explain impact of domestication of animals.
  • III. Growth of Villages (Give examples of each in
    relation to agriculture)
  • A. Africa
  • B. china
  • C. Mexico
  • D. Catal Huyuk

51
Beginning of Civilization
  • Nomads, Villages, and Civilization
  • Day 4

52
Revisit our KWL
What I Know about early man What I Learned About early man What Id Like to find out

53
Lets Review our Vocabulary?
  • Mary Leaky, Ice Man, fossil, artifact,
    technology, homo sapiens, Stone Age, nomad,
    culture, Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age,
    civilization

54
Take time and listen.
  • ClassZone - World History Ancient and Early
    Modern Times

55
Lets look at early migration patterns of early
man
  • http//www.classzone.com/cz/books/ms_wh_aemt/resou
    rces/html/animations/wh01_humanmigration.html

56
The Question?
  • What do you think life was like for early
    humans?

57
Take a look at first human discovery
  • Primates (e.g., monkeys and chimpanzees) in the
    African savannas, or grasslands, were the first
    animals in evolutionary history to
    exhibitbipedalism, or the ability to walk on two
    feet.

58
We are going to observe and analyze the way
human beings walk and compare human walking with
that of other bipedal primates.
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