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Elements

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Elements & Principles of Design John Stewart Design 11 Prince Andrew High School Elements of Design The Designer uses the following Elements of Design Space Is the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elements


1
Elements Principles of Design
  • John Stewart
  • Design 11
  • Prince Andrew High School

2
Elements of Design
  • The Designer uses the following Elements of Design
  • Space
  • Line
  • Shape
  • Form
  • Colour
  • Value
  • Texture

Can you think of words to describe what you see
to the right?
3
Space
  • Is the area the artist works on.
  • It can be paper, clay, canvas, walls, etc.
  • It has two characteristics
  • positivethe object
  • negative the voided area surrounding the object.

4
Line
  • Is a continuous mark.
  • It has five characteristics
  • length
  • width
  • curvature
  • depth
  • texture

5
Shape
  • Is an enclosed line.
  • It has height and width and is usually considered
    flat2-D.
  • There are four basic shapes
  • circle
  • square
  • rectangle
  • triangle

6
Form
  • Is two or more shapes combined.
  • It had height, width, and depth.
  • It is considered 3-D and you usually can walk
    around and/or through it.
  • There are four forms
  • Sphere
  • Cone
  • Cylinder
  • Cubes

7
Color
  • Hue is another word for color.
  • There are
  • 3 Primary colors
  • 3 Secondary colors
  • 6 Intermediate colors
  • placed evenly around the basic color wheel.

8
Primary Colors
  • Yellow is at 4 oclock
  • Blue is at 8 oclock
  • Red is at 12 oclock
  • Placed every fourth space away.
  • These cannot be made by combining other colors.

9
Secondary Colors
  • The formula for a Secondary is P P S

Blue Red Violet at 10 oclock
Yellow Blue Green at 6 oclock
Red Yellow Orange at 2 oclock
10
Intermediate Colors
  • The formula for an Intermediate color is PS I
  • RO RED ORANGE at 1 oclock
  • YO YELLOW ORANGE at 3 oclock
  • YG YELLOW GREEN at 5 oclock
  • BG BLUE GREEN at 7 oclock
  • BV BLUE VIOLET at 9 oclock
  • RV RED VIOLET at 11 oclock

11
Tertiary
  • Mixing two secondary colors together create
    browns
  • Orange Green Yellow Brown (Amber)
  • Green Violet Green Brown (Olive)
  • Violet Orange Red Brown (Rust)
  • The formula for a Tertiary is S S T

12
Color Schemes
  • Monochromatic - different values of the same
    color. Color white, gray or black
  • Complementary - two colors opposite each other on
    the color wheel.
  • Analogous - 3-5 colors next to each other on the
    color wheel that have a family resemblance.
  • Triadic - are three colors evenly spaced on the
    wheel forming a triangle.
  • Warm colors are red, orange and yellow.
  • Cool colors are green, blue and violet.

13
Value
  • Is the lightness and darkness of a color or
    neutral gray.
  • White added to a color is a tint.
  • Gray added to a color is a tone.
  • Black added to a color is a shade.
  • These are called Neutrals.

14
Texture
  • The feel of a surface.
  • There are two kinds
  • Actual or real
  • usually made by nature
  • Implied or fake
  • usually created by man

15
Principles of Design
  • Balance
  • Repetition
  • Contrast
  • Movement
  • Emphasis
  • Unity

16
Balance
  • Equilibrium
  • the feeling of being comfortable in artwork.
    Where the Elements are placed in the picture in a
    way so they have equal weight.
  • There are two kinds
  • Symmetrical or formal balance which is objects
    centered
  • Asymmetrical or informal balance which is more
    objects on one side or off centered.

17
Repetition
  • Is repeated element
  • varied in
  • size,
  • shape or
  • color
  • Also known as Pattern

18
Contrast
  • The opposite or varied elements that make an art
    work interesting.
  • Such as color, thick or thin lines, large or
    small shapes, rough or smooth texture,etc.

19
Movement
  • The path our eyes follow in art work.
  • Usually it brings the viewer in, around, and
    through the piece.
  • Also known as Rhythm

20
Emphasis
  • Drawing attention to the main object.
  • All elements like line, color, and shapes,
    direct your eye to the main point.

21
Unity
  • Oneness makes all the elements and principals
    work together to form a piece of art.
  • Also called Harmony
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