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Title:

Creating Infographics

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Title: Infographics Author: Journalism Journalism Dept Last modified by: Miles Maguire Created Date: 11/4/2007 4:16:48 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 27 November 2019
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Title: Creating Infographics


1
Creating Infographics
2
What are infographics?
  • They blend text and images to convey information
    visually illustrating facts with charts, map or
    diagrams.
  • Once considered optional, they are now considered
    mandatory for effective publication design.
  • Carve complicated material into bite-sized
    chunks.
  • Offer attractive alternatives to gray text.
  • Add reader appeal

3
Main types of infographics
  • Fast facts
  • Bio boxes
  • Lists
  • Checklists
  • Q As
  • Surveys and Polls
  • Charts and graphs
  • Tables
  • Timelines
  • Maps

4
Fast facts
  • Distill the who-what-when-where-why of a story
    into a concise package.
  • Introduce basic facts without slowing down the
    text.
  • Provide supplemental information

5
Bio boxes
  • Allows you to quickly profile any person, place
    or thing.
  • Can stick or the basic who-what-where-when-why
  • Or they can spin off into specialized tangents.

6
Lists
  • Can be used to itemize tips, trends, winners,
    warnings and more.

7
Checklists
  • Like lists, but are more interactive
  • Try to make information as accessible and
    relevant as possible.

8
Q As
  • Help to capture the spirit of an interview,
    making you feel as if youre eavesdropping on
    someone elses conversation

9
Surveys and Polls
10
Charts Graphs
  • When math gets heavy, charts and graphs come in
    handy.
  • They present numerical data in a simple, visual
    way.
  • The simpler, the better.

11
The Bar Chart
  • Compares two or more items by sizing them as
    columns parked side by side.
  • Uses two basic components
  • A scale running either horizontally or vertically
    showing data totals
  • Bars extending in the same direction representing
    the items being measured.

12
Fever or Line Charts
  • Measures changing quantities over time.
  • Three components
  • A scale running vertically along one edge,
    measuring amounts
  • A scale running horizontally along the bottom,
    measuring time
  • A jagged line connecting a series of points,
    showing rising or falling trends.

13
Pie charts
  • Compares the parts that make up a whole.
  • Consists of
  • A circle that represents 100 of something
  • Several wedges that divide the circle into
    smaller percentages. Each slice is an accurate
    proportion.

14
Tables
  • Half text, half chart
  • Stack words and numbers in rows to let readers
    make side-by-side comparisons.
  • Usually consist of
  • Headings running horizontally across the top of
    the chart
  • Categories running vertically down the left side
  • Lists grouped in columns reading both across and
    down.

15
Timelines
  • Put topics in perspective by illustrating, step
    by step, how events unfolded.

16
Maps
  • Keep maps simple
  • Keep north pointing up.
  • Add mileage scales whenever possible
  • Use type consistently
  • Dont use type smaller than 8 point.
  • Decide where youll use all caps, italics,
    boldface

17
Guidelines to designing infographics
  • Include the following elements
  • A headline or title
  • A credit line listing the source(s) of data or
    information
  • Consistent type styles and sizes
  • Text type 8 points or larger
  • Label every line, number, circle and bar
  • Strive for simplicity

18
Is this simple?
  • Excessive slices that are hard to tell apart
  • Use of separate key to show percentages, rather
    than labeling or pointing to each individual pie
    slice

19
Lastly, edit carefully
  • Check all the totals, percentages, year
  • Check spelling
  • Check grammar
  • Check details Do they match what is in the story?

20
Sources
  • Copy Editors Handbook for Newspapers
  • The Newspaper Designers Handbook, by Tim Harrower
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