OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards


OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards

OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards
  • OSHA is the acronym used for the
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • A branch of the Department of Labor.
  • The Federal Government agency that regulates
    health safety at the workplace.

How did OSHA come about?
  • Voted into law from the OSHA Act of 1970.
  • Because of serious concerns for workers exposure
    to blood and certain other body fluids the
    contain bloodborne pathogens. In recognition of
    these potential hazards, the bloodborne pathogen
    standard 29CFR 1910.1030 was implemented to
    minimize workplace hazardous conditions.

What areBloodborne Pathogens?
  • Bloodborne Pathogens are disease-causing
    microorganisms such as the virus and bacteria
    that are presented in human blood and certain
    other body fluids, and can transmit to other
  • Many people carry bloodborne pathogens without
    any visible symptoms
  • Many people carry bloodborne pathogens without
    even knowing it.

Which two Bloodborne Pathogens most concern
  • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • HBV (Hepatitis B Virus)

What is HIV and why is it dangerous?
  • HIV is the virus that causes Acquired
    Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • HIV currently has no preventative vaccination or
    cure. There are medications to help individuals
    with HIV live longer healthier lives. However,
    these infected individuals still have the virus
    in their system. If an individual with HIV
    infection has a T-Cell count lower than 200 and
    an opportunistic infection then they are
    considered to have AIDS.

What is HBV and why is it dangerous?
  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV is a form of viral
    hepatitis. The incubation period of hepatitis B
    ranges from 45 to 160 days.
  • On average just below .4 percent of health care
    workers are exposed annually.
  • Individuals infected with hepatitis B are 12 to
    300 times more likely to contract cancer or
    cirrhosis of the liver. There is no cure for
    HBV, however there is a vaccine for prevention.
    Workers who have direct exposure to blood and
    other potentially infectious materials on the job
    run a risk of contracting bloodborne infections
    from HBV, HIV which causes AIDS, and other

What is the most common way of contracting HIV
and HBV?
  • Unprotected Sex with an infected partner.
  • IV drug user sharing potentially infected
  • Accidental cuts/needle sticks with an infected
  • Mothers passing the virus on to newborns during
    birthing process or shortly after by breast

What is Regulated Waste?
  • Regulated Waste is defined as any item which
    leaks blood or flakes dried blood. This waste
    must be disposed of in biohazardous containers or

What is NOTRegulated Waste?
  • Chux, Urine soaked diapers, diapers with feces,
    used disposable gloves, anything that does not
    contain visible blood, or that does not drip
    blood or flake dried blood.

How could exposure occur at the workplace?
  • Exposure could occur during first aid emergencies
    when there are blood and/body fluids present, or
    when cleaning up after first aid emergencies when
    there are blood and/body fluids present.

What is anExposure Control Plan?
  • An Exposure Control Plan is the agencys method
    of compliance with the OSHA standards. It is a
    collection of information on how HHCS is
    complying with OSHA standards. This information
    includes how to select PPE, The HBV Immunization
    Process, and other information relevant to the
    Bloodborne Pathogen Standards.

What are the 3 main elements of protection
against exposure?
  • Attitude
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Housekeeping

Why is Attitude important in helping to prevent
  • By adopting a safety conscious frame of mind and
    using the personal protective equipment provided,
    staff can greatly reduce the risk of exposure to
    bloodborne pathogens. Wearing gloves, gowns,
    face shields, etc. when required will reduce

How can PPE be important in helping to prevent
  • PPE such as disposable gloves create a barrier
    between skin and PIMs. (Potential Infections

How can housekeeping help prevent exposure?
  • Cleaning potentially infectious materials upon
    discovery with a solution of 1 part bleach to 10
    parts water less than 24 hours and allowing the
    solution to stand for at least 20 minutes old and
    wiping with paper towels will eliminate the risk
    of spreading infections.

How can Personal Hygiene help reduce the risk of
  • Wash any area of the body that become exposed to
    Potential Infections Materials (PIMs)
    immediately with antibacterial soap under running
    water. Virus and bacteria require a route of
    entry, an opening in the skin. If there are no
    openings in the skin then immediately wash the
    exposed area.

What is an exposure incident?
  • An exposure incident is a specific eye, nose,
    mouth or broken skin contact with potentially
    infectious materials.

What is PPE?
  • PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment,
    e.g.., latex disposable gloves, disposable gowns,
    face shield, etc.

What items of PPE can help prevent exposure?
  • This is a really tricky question. What is needed
    will greatly depend upon the abilities of those
    consumers you work with. Some will require that
    staff wear no more than latex disposable gloves
    from time to time, other require more protective
    equipment to be worn.
  • Personal Protective Equipment can be considered
    as Gloves, Gowns, Breathing barriers, Goggles,
    Head caps.

What is meant by the term UniversalPrecautions
  • In a very simple term it means. Everyones blood
    and body fluids are considered to be infected
    with bloodborne pathogens, regardless of status.
    Universal Precautions is a part of Attitude

What are OPIMs (Other Potentially Infectious
  • These are body fluids other than blood that can
    carry HIV or HBV., semen, vaginal secretion,
    amniotic fluids, cerebrospinal fluids, plureal
  • NOT Sweat
  • NOT Tears
  • NOT Salvia (unless blood is present)
  • NOT Feces (unless blood is present)

How are OPIMs disinfected?
  • An OSHA approved mixture of 1 part bleach to 10
    parts water is used to disinfect. This mixture
    must be less than 24 hours old in order to
    maintain its potency.

Should PPE be worn all the time at the workplace?
  • Personal Protective Equipment should be used
  • Assisting someone with menstrual care.
  • Assisting someone with toileting
  • Assisting someone with oral hygiene.
  • Assisting someone with shaving
  • Providing First Aid
  • Handling dirty laundry

How can hands be disinfected when there is not a
sink available?
  • By using antibacterial waterless hand cleaner,
    hands can be disinfected until a sink becomes

Where are Potentially Infected Materials
  • If an item has visible blood it is to be
    discarded in a red bags or containers with the
    biohazard symbol. The red bag will be placed
    into a box marked for biohazardouos waste, sealed
    and labeled with the date and address, and the
    address where the box was sealed.

Location of OSHA Spill Kit
  • During OSHA training staff are made aware of the
    location of the OSHA spill kits and First aid
  • Both are in the dining area along with the CPR
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