Occupational Hazards and Standards in the Automotive Industry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Occupational Hazards and Standards in the Automotive Industry

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Occupational Hazards and Standards in the Automotive Industry Todd D. Jordan, MSPH, CIH USDOL/OSHA Health Response Team OSHA Trinational Workgroup Manufacturing Workshop – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Occupational Hazards and Standards in the Automotive Industry


1
Occupational Hazards and Standards in the
Automotive Industry
Todd D. Jordan, MSPH, CIH USDOL/OSHA Health
Response Team OSHA Trinational Workgroup
Manufacturing Workshop June 16-17, 2003 Mexico
City, Mexico
2
What are Some of the Common Hazards?
  • Noise
  • Ergonomics
  • Safety
  • Machine Guarding
  • Powered Industrial Handling Vehicles
  • Electrical
  • Chemical

3
Noise
  • 29 CFR 1910.95 Occupational Noise Exposure
  • Monitoring
  • Audiometric Testing
  • Engineering Controls
  • Hearing Protection
  • Training
  • Recordkeeping

4
Ergonomic Hazards
  • Wide variety of assembly line work
  • Engine
  • Body
  • Trim
  • Sewing
  • Small parts
  • Grinding
  • Painting

5
Ergonomic Hazards
  • Risk Factors
  • Highly repetitive
  • Awkward postures
  • Large/Small parts
  • Improperly fitted tools
  • Contact Hazards

6
Ergonomic Standards
  • No specific OSHA Standard - OSH Act General Duty
    Clause
  • Is there exposure to a hazard?
  • Is it a recognized hazard? 
  • Is it likely to cause death or serious injury?
  • Is there a feasible means of abatement?
  • ANSI Standard
  • Guidelines

7
Machine Guarding - Equipment
  • Press brakes
  • Saws
  • Shears
  • Milling Machines
  • Portable Power Tools

8
Machine Guarding - Accidents
  • Amputations
  • Crushed hands and arms
  • Lacerations
  • Abrasions
  • Burns

9
Machine Guarding Standards
  • OSH Act
  • 29 CFR 1910.211-219, General Requirements
  • Machines must be safeguarded to protect the
    operator and other employees
  • 29 CFR 1910.147, Lockout/Tagout
  • 29 CFR 1910.301-399, Electrical
  • ANSI B11 Series, Machine Specific

10
Powered Material Handling Vehicles
  • Electric Motor Forklifts
  • Electric Motor Hand Trucks
  • Hand and Hand/Rider Trucks
  • Powered Trucks
  • Internal Combustion Engine Trucks
  • Tractors
  • Extended Reach Vehicles

11
Powered Material Handling Vehicles - Hazards
  • Operation of the Truck
  • Work Environment

12
Powered Material Handling Vehicles - Standards
  • 29 CFR 1910.178
  • Operator Training
  • Inspection and Maintenance Program
  • Proper Operation
  • Workplace and other Worker Considerations

13
Chemical Hazards
  • Solvents
  • Isocyanates
  • Glycol Ethers
  • Welding Fumes
  • Metals

14
Solvents Uses and Types
  • Glues
  • Spray Paints
  • Coatings
  • Silicones
  • Cleaners
  • N-Hexane
  • Methyl Chloroform
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Perchloroethylene
  • Toluene
  • Xylene
  • Methylene Chloride

15
Solvents Health Effects
  • Dermatitis
  • Skin Irritation
  • Central Nervous System Dysfunction
  • Reproductive System Damage
  • Liver and Kidney Damage
  • Respiratory System Impairment
  • Cancer

16
Isocyanates Uses and Types
  • Flexible and Rigid Foams
  • Fibers
  • Coatings
  • Paints
  • Varnishes
  • Elastomers

17
Isocyanates Uses and Types
  • Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI)
  • Methylene bisphenol isocyanate (MDI)
  • Hexamethylene diisocyante (HDI)

18
Isocyanates Health Effects
  • Irritation
  • Sensitization and Asthma
  • Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
  • Cancer

19
Welding Fumes
  • Eposure to a Variety of Chemical Fumes, Dusts,
    Gases
  • Electrode
  • Material Being Welded
  • Finishes and Protectants on Metal
  • Gases
  • Burns
  • Skin
  • Eyes

20
Chemical Standards
  • Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL)
  • Worst Case Air Sampling
  • Engineering Controls
  • Ventilation
  • Substance Specific Standards
  • Lead
  • Methylene Chloride
  • Cadmium

21
Chemical Standards
  • 29 CFR 1910.1200, Hazard Communication (HAZCOM)
  • Hazard Determination
  • Written Program
  • Labels
  • MSDSs
  • Employee Training

22
Personal Protective Equipment Standards
  • OSHA Standards 29 CFR Subpart I, 1910.132-138
  • General Requirements
  • Eye and Face Protection
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Head Protection
  • Foot Protection
  • Electrical
  • Hand

23
Personal Protective Equipment Standards
  • OSHA Standards 29 CFR Subpart I
  • Conduct Workplace Hazard Assessment
  • Select PPE and Require Employees to Wear It
  • Train Employees in Proper Use of PPE

24
1-800-321-OSHA www.osha.gov
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