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National Youth Commission MINISTRY FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

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Title: National Youth Commission MINISTRY FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT


1
National Youth CommissionMINISTRY FOR COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
Urban Youth Unemployment in Papua New Guinea
Trends, Characteristics and Challenges for
Productive Participation Theme New Directions
in Research Security/ Local Governance
Date 17-19th June, 2014 Venue Bull Lecture
Theatre 3 ANU Presenter Peter Balone
Kanaparo A
Research Project Funded by National Youth
Commission
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Overview of the Presentation
  • Findings from the Research Study
  • Common issues and challenges facing Youth in
    Papua New Guinea today.
  • Importance of Stakeholder Partnership and
    collaboration in addressing Youth Issues in PNG
  • Key strategies and plans by National Youth
    Commission
  • Conclusion
  • Way forward


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  • Research Questions
  • 1. Labour Market Prospects
  • Why did you come to the town or city?
  • Are you employed for how long have you been
    working?
  • 2. Implications for labour market policies
  • In terms of labour market policy making, what
    would you like the government to do?
  • Do you think the social issues caused by youth
    are result of unemployment problem?
  • As a solution, what would be the appropriate
    policy response?
  • Assistance from Donors and Trade Missions
  • Do you think the current Youth Policy (long-term
    benefits) approach meets the expectation of
    Medium Term Development Goals and the Vision
    2050s developmental pillars?

6
  • Urban Youth Unemployment Answers to Research
    Questions
  • Migration of young people depends on various
    reasons possibly depending on the economic (macro
    and micro) development of the nation.
  • The core reasons why youth migrate to cities and
    towns are in search for jobs and to study.
  • The study reveals that 44 percent (n141)
    migrated to the urban centers in search for job
    opportunities, 32 percent (n101) for schooling,
    and 24 percent (n6) for other reasons like
    staying with relatives, and scarce resource or
    inadequate economic activities in the rural
    areas.

7
  • Urban Youth Unemployment Answers to Research
    Questions
  • It is revealed that 32 (n103) of the urban
    youth out of 318 respondents are employed whilst
    68 (n215) are unemployed. Of 103 employed, 12
    (n14) are in the formal and 86 (n89) are in
    the informal sectors respectively.
  • Unlike formal sector employment, informal sector
    employs most of the unemployed youth in both
    rural urban areas.
  • It is also stated from 146 out of 318 respondents
    that the government should create more job
    opportunities for unemployed youth in the
    country.

8
  • Urban Youth Unemployment Answers to Research
    Questions
  • From policy perspective, 142 (45) respondents
    revealed that the current youth policy is meeting
    the expectations of MTD goals and Vision 2050s
    development pillars.
  • While 176 (55) respondents stated that the
    current youth policy is not meeting the
    expectations of MTD goals and Vision 2050s
    development pillars.
  • Twenty six (8) respondents indicated that the
    general youth situation and unemployment is good
    by 26 respondents (8), while 22 (7) stated that
    it is good but not really good where many of the
    youth policies and MTD goals are still in the
    implementation stages.
  • However, of the 318 respondents, 270 (85)
    respondents are not happy with the general youth
    situation and the chronic unemployment issues
    faced by youth.

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  • 4. Seasonal Unemployment
  • Seasonal unemployment arises during certain
    periods that usually result from the reduction in
    demands for labour.
  • This is maybe attributed to the seasonal pattern
    of consumers habits or to variation in
    production associated with climatic change.

15
  • Urban Youth Underemployment
  • Urban youth underemployment is evident in the
    urban centers.

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National Youth Commissions Task ahead
Challenges, Issues Tasks done.
18

Issue 1 PNG Youth In School Attendance
19
  • About 80,000 young people leave school every
    year.
  • Less than 10,000 young people absorbed by formal
    labour sector
  • Employment index reveals a real decline in the
    numbers employed in industries since 1990.
  • One third (1/3) of total population is
    self-employed.
  • Note this is according to National Department of
    Education

20
  • Issue 3. Rural urban migration
  • Urbanization is a major feature of development in
    every country. In the year 2000, it was estimated
    that 686,301 people in Papua New Guinea were
    living in urban centers. The growth in the urban
    population is attributed to two (2) main factors
  • the migration of rural population to the urban
    centers
  • the desire for modernization for commerce and
    industry with the desire for urban amenities such
    as health and education services

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  • Current Status on Youth Development
  • National Youth Policy 2010-2017 taken into
    consideration
  • - Millennium Development Goals (UN)
  • - Vision 2050 (PNG Government)
  • - Medium term Development Plan (2011-2015)
  • 5 Year Provincial Youth Development Plans the
    component consist of
  • - Decentralization function of Youth
    Commission
  • - Statistics on Youth in Papua New Guinea
  • - National Youth Issues for Provincial
    Action
  • - Youth Friendly Centre as a major program
    component
  • - Key Strategic Program Areas on Youth
    Programs

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  • NYCs New Directions.Cont.
  • 2. National Youth Development Institute (National
    Govt. funded)
  • 2.1. One-stop shop, a multi purpose complex for
    youths Information /Resource Centre (1st Pillar,
    Vision 2015)
  • 2.2. Provincial /District Youth Friendly Centres
  • - NYC entering MOUs with Provincial Govts. Or
    Local MPs
  • 2.3. A centre for youths to have access to user
    friendly programs and activities.
  • 2.4. Interact and involve in activities that
    provides necessary skills in life.
  • 3. Youth Employment Enterprise Development
  • 3.1. National Youth Employment Framework (main
    activity to create employment)
  • 3.2. SME baseline survey/self-generating income
    activities
  • 3.3. Self-management Clinic
  • Self-confidence building self-esteem

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  • Directions for further Policy Analysis
  • The policy implication of youth-focused
    development is that it brings questions of
    unemployment, migration, poverty and marginality
    at the centre of political decision making.
  • This is central because, failure to do so diverts
    attention away from State and other actors with
    the power and Moral Legal responsibility to
    intervene and bring about change.
  • More empirical studies is needed to produce
    evidence based youth policies.

27
YET, HOW CAN THAT BE DONE?
28
Consistency and continuity are the key elements
in implementing of this vital youth development
programs activities. Yet, the issues of
Youth Unemployment Others is Not a One-Way
Street. Consistency and Continuity is vital
component but the most important is Stakeholders
intervention through --------
29
  • PARTNERSHIP COLLABORATION
  • Legislation
  • NETWORKING MAINSTREAMING
  • Relevant national state agencies
  • Provincial administrations
  • International Non-Government Organizations
  • International governments
  • Aid Donor Agencies
  • United Nations development agencies
  • Local Non-Government Organizations
  • Community based organizations
  • Churches

30
  • SUMMARY
  • PNG has a problem with its youth Unemployment,
    Crime violence, rural urban migration, etc
  • The Cost to PNG is significant bad image, Loss
    of productivity, Cost of security, etc
  • NYC is the governments mandated body to advise
    on and coordinate youth activities in PNG.
  • NYC has formulated a plan and direction to
    address the problems.
  • NYC among other strategic interventions is
    proposing a centralized coordinated model with a
    reach to the provinces that focuses initially on
    training the future leaders.
  • The government is being asked to support NYCs
    plan.

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  • Way forward
  • Political Commitment,
  • Administrative Drive,
  • Stakeholder Participation

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