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Buddhism

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Religions of South Asia Buddhism in the Subcontinent Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) Born in Northeastern India (Nepal today) Raised as a Hindu His father was a king ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Buddhism


1
Buddhism
2
Religions of South Asia
3
Buddhism in the Subcontinent
4
Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE)
  • Born in Northeastern India (Nepal today)
  • Raised as a Hindu
  • His father was a king and his mother died shortly
    after he was born
  • Siddhartha was a prince who lived in great
    luxury, kept in isolation from the outside world
    his entire life
  • Seers prediction

5
Eye-Opening Experience
  • At 29, Siddhartha Gautama goes out into the
    real India for the first time and sees three
    things he had never seen before
  • 1. Old Age
  • 2. Sickness
  • 3. Death
  • He saw true suffering for the 1st time!

6
Because of this
  • Siddhartha Gautama now had questions about life
  • The biggest one was, Why is there Suffering?
  • He now rejected his rich lifestyle to seek
    enlightenment the source of suffering

7
Becoming the Buddha
  • Lived a strict ascetic life for 6 yrs
  • Ascetic person who has few material possessions
    has given up all pleasures and comforts
  • Punished his body in order to find answers (Hindu
    way)
  • Later rejected this extreme, because he was only
    closer to death!
  • Began eating again, sat in meditation, and found
    nirvana

8
How many of you know Nirvana as a band from the
nineties?
  • Nirvana freedom from the cycle of birth
    death condition of wanting nothing, the perfect
    peace
  • Realized the middle way was best
  • Became The Enlightened One, at 35.

9
What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?
Desire!
  • Therefore, extinguish the self, dont obsess
    about oneself.

10
Four Noble Truths
  • 1st Noble Truth
  • 1. -Suffering is universal
  • -Everyone suffers from pain, sickness, death.

11
Four Noble Truths
  • 2nd Noble Truth
  • The cause of suffering is desire attachments.
  • -Ex. , beauty, power, etc.
  • People desire things that wont last!
  • Nothing is permanent.
  • Life is constantly changing.
  • Buddha said that even pleasure causes suffering.
    How??

12
Four Noble Truths
  • 3rd Noble Truth
  • The only way to end suffering is to eliminate
    desire attachments.
  • By doing this one can achieve
  • Nirvana

13
Four Noble Truths
  • 4th Noble Truth
  • To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold
    Path.

14
The Eightfold Path
Practical guide to proper or right conduct also
known as dharma Stressed The importance of
understanding suffering Compassion for all
creatures Kindness Truthfulness Buddha was a
HINDU, but did not agree w/ many ideas Did not
believe in gods Did not believe the priests
(brahmins) were needed to achieve nirvana and
disliked their power Did not believe the caste
system was needed
15
Eightfold Path
Nirvana
  • The union with the ultimate spiritual
    reality.
  • Escape from the cycle of rebirth (samsara).
  • A condition of wanting nothing

16
Mandala Wheel of Life
17
  • Mandala Wheel of Life
  • Form of art, often used for meditation
  • Shows the cycle of reincarnation (samsara)

18
Types of Buddhism
  • Theravada Buddhism
  • Mahayana Buddhism
  • Tibetan Buddhism
  • Zen Buddhism

19
Theravada Buddhism
  • The oldest school of Buddhism
  • Found in Southern Asia.
  • Looks at the Buddha as a great spiritual teacher.
  • The monastic life is the best way to achieve
    nirvana.
  • Focus on wisdom and meditation.
  • Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened
    One.
  • Over 100,000,000 followers today.

20
Theravada Buddhism
How is the spread of Buddhism an example of
cultural diffusion?
21
Mahayana Buddhism
  • The Great Vehicle.
  • Founded in eastern Asia (China, Japan).
  • Buddhism for the masses.
  • Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas, wise beings.
  • Looks at the Buddha and others as Gods.
  • Goal Not just individual escape from the wheel,
    but the salvation of all humanity through
    self-sacrifice of those enlightened few.

22
Mahayana Buddhism
23
Seated Boddhisatva 16c
Bhutan
24
Tibetan Buddhism
  • Developed in Tibet
  • A mix of Theravada and Mahayana.
  • Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai
    Lama.

25
The DalaiLama
26
Zen Buddhism
  • The Meditation School.
  • Seeks sudden enlightenment through meditation,
    arriving at emptiness.
  • Use of meditation masters
  • Beauty, art, practiced actions
  • Gardens.
  • Archery.
  • Tea ceremony.
  • Calligraphy.

27
Relieve Stress MeditateGet a Mantra !
Ohm...mani...padmehung
mantra sound, syllable, or group of words
repeated to help transform the consciousness
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