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DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES FOUNDING People, Reasons, & Colonies DUTCH claimed colony of New Netherland; main settlement New Amsterdam on Manhattan Is.; in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES


1
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES
2
FOUNDINGPeople, Reasons, Colonies
  • DUTCH claimed colony of New Netherland main
    settlement New Amsterdam on Manhattan Is. in
    1664, Peter Stuyvesant surrendered the colony to
    the English
  • Patroon wealthy landowners who brought 50
    workers to settle

3
FOUNDINGPeople, Reasons, Colonies (continued)
  • DUKE OF YORK brother of King Charles II owner
    of New York colony NYC became a large diverse
    city
  • LORD JOHN BERKELEY SIR GEORGE CARTERET
    friends of Duke of York proprietors of the New
    Jersey colony became a place of ethnic
    religious diversity

4
FOUNDINGPeople, Reasons, Colonies (continued)
  • WILLIAM PENN QUAKERS in 1682 Penn received a
    large land grant wanted to make a safe place for
    Quakers in America designed Philadelphia helped
    settle colony, which became very diverse due to
    tolerance had own assembly

5
FOUNDINGPeople, Reasons, Colonies (continued)
  • DELAWARE in 1703, three lower counties
    separated from PA, formed their own legislature,
    and became the colony of Delaware

6
GOVERNMENTDOCUMENTS, IDEAS, FIRSTS
  • PROPRIETARY COLONY colony in which the owner
    (proprietor) owns all the land controls the
    government (DE, MD, PA)
  • PROMISES TO COLONISTS cheap land freedom of
    religion trial by jury representative assembly

7
SOCIETYFamily, Community, Religion
  • QUAKER IDEALS believed everyone had an inner
    light that guided them to salvation everyone is
    equal tolerant of others pacifists
  • CULTURAL DIVERSITY a variety of different
    cultures Middle Colonies were most diverse of
    all because of tolerant ideals

8
ECONOMICSFarming Other Ways To Make A Living
  • CASH CROP FARMING growing food for a profit
  • MAJOR CROPS wheat, oats, corn
  • LARGEST CITIES IN COLONIES Philadelphia New
    York City (b/c of trade)
  • OTHER IMPORTANT INDUSTRIES lumber, mining,
    trading, fishing, manufacturing
  • NICKNAME Breadbasket colonies
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