Just How Did WWII Get Started? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Just How Did WWII Get Started?

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Just How Did WWII Get Started? Italy Suffered greatly under the worldwide depression after WWI Benito Mussolini Mussolini captures Rome with his Blackshirt Party in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Just How Did WWII Get Started?


1
Just How Did WWII Get Started?
2
Italy
  • Suffered greatly under the worldwide depression
    after WWI

3
Benito Mussolini
  • Mussolini captures Rome with his Blackshirt Party
    in 1922
  • Fascism - Single person leads the country
  • Totalitarianism - Govt. controls every facet of
    your life

4
Germany
  • Germany was destroyed after WWI
  • Were blamed by the World for the war and
    following depression
  • Treaty of Versailles had them paying 33 billion,
    which they do not have
  • Very angry as a people

5
Adolf Hitler
  • Dad sent Hitler to Vienna, Austria at 12 to study
    - Learns to hate Jews
  • Fails as an artist, joins the military to fight
    in WWI
  • While in jail after WWI, he writes Mein Kampf (My
    Struggle) - blamed communists, intellectuals, and
    Jews for Germanys defeat

6
Hitler and the Nazi Party
  • Hitlers Nazi Party gets 32 of vote in elections
    in 1932
  • 1933 - Hitler is elected Chancellor
  • Takes dictatorial power and forms a fascist,
    totalitarian state
  • Rebuilds army to show power and pride in Germany

7
Japan
  • Suffers greatly during the Depression
  • Lack of natural resources
  • Attacks mineral-rich Manchuria (North of China)
  • League of Nations condemns attack, but can do
    nothing
  • 1937 - Japan invades China
  • 1940 - Japan joins Germany and Italy in Axis
    Alliance

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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
  • Communist country
  • 1924 - Lenin dies and Joseph Stalin wins a power
    struggle to become leader
  • Stalins Purges - In the 1930s, Stalin creates a
    personal police force of kill millions and send
    others to force labor camps in Siberia

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United States
  • US is stuck in the Great Depression
  • FDR and most Americans are concerned about
    Germany, Italy, and Japan, but choose to be
    isolated
  • Neutrality Acts (1935 and 1937) - Banned weapons
    sales with countries who are at war

13
Germany on the Move
  • Lebensraum - Hitler wants living space for
    Germans, free Germanic people in other countries
  • 1936 - Creates the Axis Powers (a military
    alliance) with Italy
  • 1936 - Rhineland Recaptured - in violation of
    the Treaty of Versailles, Germany takes land
    between it and France
  • 1938 - Austria (3/1938) - Hitler claims Germans
    in Austria should be part of Germany, so he takes
    it
  • 1938 - Sudetenland (9/1938) - This area in
    Czechoslovakia was home to German speakers and
    Hitler said they were being mistreated.

14
Reaction to German Expansion
  • Munich Conference - France and Great Britain meet
    with Germany and agree to give Hitler the
    Sudetenland as long as he promises to stop
    expanding
  • Appeasement - giving in to the aggressor to keep
    peace - BAD IDEA
  • Hitler takes over Czechoslovakia anyway in March
    1939
  • Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact (8/1939) -
    Germany and USSR agree not to fight one another
  • Hitler now free to take Poland

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The government had to choose between shame and
war. They have chosen shame and they will get
war. -Winston Churchill, a British official and
soon to be Prime Minister of the Munich
Conference
17
Anti-Semitism
  • Nazi Party bans Jews from govt. and takes away
    citizenship
  • Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) 11/9/1938-
  • 91 Jews killed
  • Hundreds seriously wounded
  • 7500 Jewish businesses destroyed
  • 200 synagogues destroyed
  • Took place in Germany and Austria

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The burned-out synagogue of Aachen, Germany,one
of nearly 200 synagogues destroyed during
Kristallnacht.
20
The Fighting Begins
  • 9/1/1939 - Germany attacks Poland with a new
    style of fighting - Blitzkrieg (lightning war)
  • Poland was conquered in three weeks
  • Poland was spilt up between the USSR and Germany
    by the end of the month

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Britain and France begin to Move
  • Begin to mobilize their forces
  • Maginot Line - Defensive structure along Frances
    border with Germany

25
Germany Kicks into High Gear
  • April 1940 - Denmark and Norway fall
  • May, 1940 - Belgium, Luxembourg, and the
    Netherlands fall
  • Allows German troops to avoid the Maginot Line
  • 330,000 Allied troops escape to Great Britain
  • June 1940 - France falls to Germany
  • June, 1941 - Germany attacks USSR, violating the
    Non-Aggression Pact
  • Germany takes 500,000 Soviet troops captive
  • Soviet citizens burn and destroy everything so
    that Germany cannot use it

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Battle of Britain
  • With most of Europe under his control, Hitler
    looks to the island of Great Britain
  • Luftwaffe attacks Royal Air Force (RAF) and
    Britain for 2.5 months
  • British repel the attack with the help of radar
    and blackouts

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US Begins to Notice Trouble
  • Most Americans oppose Hitler, but still believe
    in isolationism
  • FDR re-elected in 1940 and promises not send our
    boys to foreign wars
  • FDR decides to prepare for war just in case
  • Selective Service and Training Act - first
    peacetime draft in US history, called on men from
    21 to 35
  • Lend-Lease Act - Allows FDR to loan 7 billion in
    war supplies to Great Britain as long as they
    come and get the goods

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Pearl Harbor
  • 12/7/1941
  • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, and US naval bases in
    the Philippines, Guam, Midway, and Wake Islands
  • 12/8/1941 - FDR asks Congress to declare war,
    calling 12/7 a day that will live in infamy.

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