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The Initiative for a A United Nations Emergency Peace Service

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Title: The Initiative for a A United Nations Emergency Peace Service


1
The Initiative for aA United NationsEmergency
Peace Service
  • UNEPS
  • An overview of the proposal global movement to
    address our five big challenges in preventing and
    managing armed conflict


2
1. Preventing genocide crimes against
humanity
Challenges Leading to Crisis
3
Challenges leading to crisis
2. Preventing armed conflict
4
Challenges leading to crisis
3. Protecting civilians at risk
5
Challenges leading to crisis
4. Prompt start-up of peace operations
6
Challenges leading to crisis
5. Addressing human needs in emergencies
7
A United Nations Emergency Peace Service
8
What is Proposed as a UN Emergency Peace
Service?
  • UNEPS
  • A permanent UN formation
  • A first responder available immediately
  • Requires authorization by the UN Security Council
  • Multidimensional and multifunctional service
  • Military, police and civilian elements
  • Prepared for rapid deployment to diverse crisis
  • Pre-trained, well-equipped 16,000 personnel

9
What is Proposed as a UN Emergency Peace
Service?(Structure)
  • UNEPS
  • Co-located at a new UN base
  • Static operational headquarters
  • Two mobile field headquarters
  • Integrated, modular formation
  • Robust security
  • Civilian police
  • Skills and services to address human needs

10
SRSG
Annex A Operational Level UN Emergency Peace
Service Permanent Operational Level Headquarters
and Base Personnel 270 MIL 40 POL 1540 CIV
SUPPORT
Pers 50 MIL, 10 POLCIV Pers 100
MIL, 1500CIV -Contingency Move
-Administration Planning
-Personnel -Staging
-Housing -Mission Support
-Finance -Rotation/Augmentation
-Host Nation Support Planning -Airlift/Seali
ft Contracting -Deployable Movement Support
Teams
OPERATIONS Pers 100 MIL
Pers 25 POL Pers 25 CIV
-Contingency -Contingency
-Contingency Planning Planning
Planning -Operations
-Operations -Operations
-Training -Training
-Training -Logistics
-Personnel -Personnel
-Personnel -Legal Advisors
-Advisors Joint
24/7 OPS Cell
Military Staff
CIVPOL Staff
Civilian Staff
Deployment Cell
Base Support Infrastructure
TRAINING Pers 5 MIL, 2 POL., 2 CIV
Pers 10 MIL, 2 POL, 2 CIV Pers 4 MIL, 2 POL,
4 CIV -Ongoing Development of -Set
Assess Standards -Long-Term Planning
Doctrine
-Course Curricula
-Lessons Learned -SOPS
Development
-Multidisciplinary -ROE Options
-Training Exercises
Think Tank
-Interoperability
Doctrine
Training Standards
Research Analysis
Military
Police
Civilian
11
Annex B. Composition of Deployable Elements for a
UN Emergency Peace Service(assume 2 MHQ with 2
complete formations)(assigned to UN Base under a
Static Operational HQ and 2 Missions HQs)Total
Personnel in Each MIL 5000, CIV 304, POL 400
Deputy/SRSG MilitaryPolice Commander MIL-1 x 250
Pers CIV-1 x 20 Pers POL- 1 x 20 Pers
MSN HQ IncludesMilitary, Police and Civilian
StaffPolitical and Legal AdviceTranslation/Comms
/Signals/Intell.Defense Security PlatoonNGO
Liaison Team
Mission HQ (Tactical)
Mission HQ (Tactical)
Technical Recce Unit
Civilian Police Companies
Technical Recce Unit
Civilian Police Companies
Technical Recce Unit
MIL- 4 x 50 Pers Augmented by CIV
Civilian Police Companies
Technical Recce Unit
POL- 3 x 125 Per
Disaster Relief Humanitarian Assistance Team
Light ArmouredRecceUnit
Light ArmouredRecceUnit
Disaster Relief Humanitarian Assistance Team
CIV- 2 x 30 Per
MIL- 2 x 150 Pers
Human Rights Monitors Educators
Motorized Light Infantry Battalion
Motorized Light Infantry Battalion
Human Rights Monitors Educators
MIL- 2 x 600 Pers
CIV- 2 x 10 Per
Amoured (Wheeled) Infantry Battalion
Conflict Resolution Teams
Amoured (Wheeled) Infantry Battalion
MIL- 2 x 600 Pers
Conflict Resolution Teams
CIV 2 x 10 Pers
MIL-450 Pers 2 flights of 8 utility Helis 1
flight of 3 Heavy Lift Helis 1 flight of Armed
Scout Helis
Peacebuilding Advisory Teams
Helicopter Squardron
CIV- 2 x 10 Pers
DDDRRR team
CIV- 10 Pers
Engineer Battalion
MIL-500 Pers -3 Field Squadrons -3 Support Troops
Environmental Crisis Response Team
CIV- 10 Pers
Logistics Battalion
MIL- 1 x 500 Pers
Medical Teams
CIV- 100 Pers
MIL-400 Pers -Forward Surgical Teams
Public Affairs
Medical Unit
CIV- 2 x 10 Pers
Public Affairs
12
UNEPS Key Components
  • A UN 911 designed to be
  • A complement to existing arrangements (UN,
    national, and regional)
  • A lead service or first-responder
  • Deployable within 48 hrs, sustainable for 6
    months
  • Competent in diverse emergencies
  • A cost-effective investment for we the people
    and the international community

13
Criteria for Deployment(short list)
  • UNEPS
  • An emergency or complex emergency only
  • Authorization from the UN Security Council
  • A clear viable mandate with appropriate ROE
    SOFAs
  • A reasonable expectation of success
  • A high probability of augmentation, prompt
    arrangements for extraction after six months,
    with (or without) rotation sufficient support.

14
UNEPS is for Emergencies only
  • UNEPS
  • Definitions of an emergency
  • a serious situation that happens unexpectedly
    and demands immediate action.
  • a sudden, volatile crisis, with an urgent need
    for action or assistance.
  • Definition of a complex emergency
  • A crisis typically characterized by extensive
    violence and loss of life massive displacements
    of people widespread damage to societies and
    economies the need for large-scale,
    multi-faceted humanitarian assistance the
    hindrance or prevention of humanitarian
    assistance by political and military constraints
    and, significant security risks for humanitarian
    relief workers in some areas.

15
Additional Criteria (for Deployment of UNEPS)
  • UNEPS
  • there must be a just cause
  • intervention must be undertaken with a right
    intention
  • it should occur only when there is an immediate,
    evident threat (of armed conflict or gross
    violations of international humanitarian and
    human rights law)
  • the means employed must be proportional to and
    consistent with the ends sought and (6) there
    needs to be a reasonable prospect of success.
  • N.B. For UNEPS to work rapidly, the fourth
    criteria from the report of the ICISS,
    stipulating intervention should only arise as a
    last resort, once all other options were
    exhausted must be modestly revised to account for
    emergencies.

16
Recruitment Personnel Selection
  • UNEPS
  • Merit and professionalism
  • Universal representation
  • Gender equitable representation
  • Not national/political affiliation
  • Contracted and assigned
  • Extensive preparation/training
  • Reliability, readiness, dedication
  • Flexibility in managing diverse assignments
  • Paid, full-time (UN Civil Servant)

17
Recruitment Is This Really Credible or Any
Improvement?
  • As noted in the 1995 Canadian report, Towards A
    Rapid Reaction Capability For The United Nations
  • As professional volunteers develop into a
    cohesive UN force, they can assume responsibility
    for some of the riskier operations mandated by
    the Council, but for which troop contributors
    have been hesitant to contribute.
  • UN volunteers offer the best prospect of a
    completely reliable, well-trained rapid reaction
    capability.
  • Without the need to consult national
    authorities, the UN could cut response time
    significantly, and volunteers could be deployed
    within hours of a Security Council decision
  • No matter how difficult this goal now seems, it
    deserves continued study, with a clear process
    for assessing its feasibility over the long term.

... No matter how difficult this goal now seems,
it deserves continued study, with a clear process
for assessing its feasibility over the long term.
18
Process for Recruitment
  • UNEPS
  • Similar to all UN civil-servants
  • Specific positions would be advertised
    world-wide
  • Individuals submit an application, including
    their resume and credentials for specific skills,
    training and experience for employment within
    UNEPS
  • A specific UN recruitment team would be developed
    to review applications, verify qualifications,
    interview, screen, test and assess competence, as
    well as dedication prior to selecting any for
    employment in UNEPS.

19
Why this Model for UNEPS?
  • Alleviates pressure on national governments
  • Builds on and beyond the existing UN foundation
    to complement UN and regional arrangements
  • Universal composition to ensure universal
    legitimacy
  • Advanced training, equipment and standards to
    ensure cohesive sophisticated service

20
Why this Model for UNEPS?
  • Corresponds to requirements of UN missions
  • Provides useful incentives to address human needs
  • Assures services to restore law and order
  • Maintains robust disincentives to dissuade or
    deter and repel further violence
  • Ensures a more rapid, reliable, effective
    response when the need is imminent

21
Why this Model for UNEPS?
  • UNEPS
  • Provides a dedicated, lead service a first
    responder for the critical, initial 4-6 months
    of complex peace operations.
  • Functions until replacement/rotation needed and
    secured from multinational contingents
  • Provides a modular formation that can be tailored
  • Cost-effective and a sound investment for saving
    lives and money

22
UNEPS would Help Reduce
  1. Number of armed conflicts and war crimes
  2. Massive suffering and violent deaths
  3. Size, duration and number of peacekeeping
    operations
  4. Pressure on national governments and national
    armed forces to contribute in the high-risk,
    critical start-up phase of operations
  5. High costs associated with violent conflict and
    post conflict reconstruction

23
Applicability If available, where when?
  • UNEPS
  • Rwanda
  • Srebrenica
  • East Timor
  • Haiti
  • Sierra Leone
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Darfur
  • Cote DIvoire
  • Libya

24
ApplicabilityWhere now or soon?
  • UNEPS
  • We dont know, but its conceivable that such a
    need will arise within
  • Libya
  • Bahrain
  • The Sudan and Darfur
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Somalia
  • Myanmar
  • With accelerated climate change leading to
    flooding, there is the prospect of vast
    desperation and massive refugee flows into weak
    states. It is now difficult to ignore the
    probability of a higher incidence of armed
    conflict. We are not prepared!

25
Any wider potential?
  • UNEPS
  • Possibly, an over-the-horizon security
    guarantor to initiate a much-needed process to
    facilitate
  • Wider disarmament
  • Wider development
  • Wider efforts at environmental protection
  • Global Human Security
  • How?

26
Any Wider Potential?
  • UNEPS
  • Yes!
  • There is an inseparable relationship between
    the scaling down of national armaments on the one
    hand and the building up of international
    peacekeeping machinery and institutions on the
    other. Nations are unlikely to shed their means
    of self-protection in the absence of alternative
    ways to safeguard their legitimate interests.
    This can only be achieved through the progressive
    strengthening of international institutions under
    the United Nations and by creating a United
    Nations Peace Force to enforce the peace as the
    disarmament process proceeds.
  • U.S. State Department, "Freedom From War", 1961

27
To date, representatives of diverse sectors in
the South and North agreed that
  • Concept is far more appealing
  • Case is more compelling
  • Model is more appropriate
  • UNEPS has more potential

28
UNEPS Research
  • UNEPS
  • There is a need for further work to
  • identify and elaborate upon the various
    requirements at the political, strategic,
    operational and tactical level
  • provide detail on the projected start-up costs,
    as well as annual recurring costs and deployment
    costs of a UNEPS
  • develop a coherent strategic plan.

29
The UNEPS Initiative(Global Coalition Building)
  • UNEPS
  • Insufficient leadership, support funding
  • There is a need to
  • Ensure a more inclusive process
  • Expand global educational outreach
  • Build networks among civil society and member
    states.

30
UNEPS Potential
  • Attract and mobilize
  • people
  • organizations
  • governments
  • Support
  • partnerships
  • global network

31
Objectives for 2011
  • UNEPS
  • Educational outreach
  • Ongoing research to detail requirements
  • Generate constituency world-wide at all levels
  • Be prepared for a favorable moment soon.

32
Ideas dont work unless we do!Together, we might
make a difference Your Thoughts Questions?
33
Credits
  • Special thanks for permission to use photos is
    extended to
  • The United Nations
  • Human Rights Watch
  • Genocide Watch
  • Presentation created by
  • Dr. H. Peter Langille, Global Common
    Security.org
  • Robbyn Evans, rae Communications.com
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