Religious Changes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Religious Changes PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6baa97-YThiO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Religious Changes

Description:

Chapter 8 ... Chapter 8 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:9
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 18 May 2020
Slides: 47
Provided by: bborrison
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Religious Changes


1
Chapter 8
2
Religious Changes
  • Revivalemotional meeting designed to awaken
    faith. Became very popular during the 1800s.
  • Numerous different denominations (Baptist,
    Methodists)
  • More African Americans turned to Christianity

3
Life Changes
  • Transcendentalismled by Ralph Waldo Emerson,
    philosophical and literary movement that focused
    on living a simple life.
  • Henry David Thoreauanother famous
    transcendentalist, stressed ideas of optimism,
    freedom, and celebrating nature.
  • Civil DisobedienceNot following laws that you
    think are not fair (became much more popular)

4
Nursing and Education Changes
  • Dorothea Dixfamous nurse that was influential in
    changing the conditions in mental hospitals and
    prisons. She was more concerned with
    rehabilitation.
  • Education was way more important in the North.
    Horace Mann became the first national leader in
    education. Eventually, all states passed laws
    forcing kids to go to school.

5
Slavery Changes
  • Abolition-outlaw of slavery. This was becoming
    more and more popular within the North.
  • William Lloyd Garrisonmain supporter of freeing
    the slaves (Emancipation).
  • People in the South became very upset at the
    people who wanted to end slavery.

6
Slavery Changes
  • Fredrick DouglasBlack man who lived in the
    North, very outspoken about ending slavery.
  • By 1830s, there were 2 millions slaves living in
    America (most born here).
  • Clear division between the different types of
    slavery (rural vs. city).
  • Nat Turnerstarted a slave rebellion in Virginia.
    Killed around 60 white men before being captured
    and hanged. Made white people very afraid

7
Womens Rights Changes
  • In the early 1800s, women began to fight for
    equal rights.
  • Cult of Domesticitybelief that women should only
    be focused on housework and family.
  • It wasnt until the 1830s that women had a
    chance to get any sort of education past the
    elementary level.
  • Womens rights convention was held in Seneca
    Falls, NY. Stanton and Mott (leaders) cam up
    with a list of demands that women hadhelped get
    some things accomplished.

8
Other Changes
  • Temperance MovementAlcohol was very popular
    during the 1800s. Many people were concerned,
    this caused them to try to prohibit drinking.
  • Sojourner TruthBlack lady that supported
    abolition and womens rights. Gave them a voice.

9
Industrial Changes
  • Cottage Industryeconomic system where
    manufacturers provided the materials for goods to
    be produced at home. During the 1830s, there
    were more and more factories producing goods at a
    higher rate.
  • Got rid of the master/apprentice systemit also
    caused a need of more and more unskilled workers
    (immigrants). Women also began to work more and
    more in the mills/factories (didnt have to pay
    as much)

10
Conditions
  • Conditions at a lot of these places was real bad
    because there were no laws to regulate them.
  • Long hours, no fresh air, no light.
  • Many workers went on strikequit their jobs until
    conditions improved.
  • Also caused more workers to form unions (groups
    that would fight for the right of workers)

11
Immigrants
  • The number of European immigrants rose
    dramatically.
  • Most of the new immigrants were from Germany and
    Ireland.
  • Irish tended to live in cities, Germans tended to
    move to rural areas (Midwest).
  • Irish moved to America because of the potato
    famine. A lot of opposition to them because they
    were Catholic and poor.

12
(No Transcript)
13
Expanding Markets/Moving West
14
Economic Changes
  • Specializationraising one or two crops that they
    would be able to sell. Farmers began to do this
    more and more.
  • Market Revolutionwhen people began to buy and
    sell goods instead of making them for their own
    use. This caused the nations economy to grow
    substantially.

15
Economic Changes cont..
  • Capitalismeconomic principle where private
    business and individuals control the means of
    production while trying to make a profit. This
    is what the US economy is based on.
  • Entrepreneurspeople that risked their own money
    to create a new business or industry

16
Inventions
  • Charles GoodyearInvented vulcanized rubber
  • Elias HoweSewing Machine
  • Samuel MorseTelegraph
  • All improved economic and daily life

17
National Transportation
  • Railroads became the most efficient and safe way
    for goods and people to travel.
  • Our country was starting to become more dependent
    on other parts of the country for goods and
    services.

18
Farming
  • People began to move to the Midwest because of
    the available/good farm land.
  • John Deeresteel plow
  • Cyrus McCormickmechanical reaper
  • Both inventions made life much more easier for
    farmersalso made farming more profitable.

19
(No Transcript)
20
Manifest Destiny
  • Manifest Destinybelief that the United States
    destiny was to expand to the Pacific Ocean (into
    Mexican Territory)
  • People wanted to move west for the land, money,
    and trade.
  • There were many conflicts that went along with
    this thought.

21
(No Transcript)
22
Blackhawk War
  • Settlers in Western Illinois wanted to kick the
    Fox Indians out of Illinois and into Iowa,
  • Chief Blackhawk led a rebellion against the
    Illinois militia.
  • He was eventually caught and killed, many the Fox
    were forced into Iowa.

23
(No Transcript)
24
Ft. Laramie Treaty
  • Gave Native Americans some land if they promised
    to leave the white people alone.
  • Were allowed to live in places east of the Rocky
    Mountains. These were places that no white
    person really wanted to live in anyways.
  • Start of the Reservation System

25
Santa Fe Trail
  • Went from Independence Missouri to Santa Fe New
    Mexico.
  • People worked together and were able to trade
    with Mexicans.
  • Allowed us to learn a lot about the American
    Southwest.

26
(No Transcript)
27
Oregon Trail
  • Independence, Missouri to Portland, Oregon.
  • Long and dangerous trip that killed many people.
  • Lots of people wanted to live in the American
    Northwest

28
(No Transcript)
29
Mormons
  • Joseph SmithFounder of the Mormons
  • MormonsReligious group (Church of Jesus Christ
    of Latter Day Saints)
  • Brigham Youngdecided to move the Mormons to Salt
    Lake City, Utah. This was a place where they
    could worship what they wanted without being
    persecuted.
  • Had spent time in Nauvoo Illinois before moving
    west.

30
Mormons
31
Mexican Independence
  • Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821.
  • This led to a significant increase in the amount
    of trade between Mexico and America.
  • Mexicans could not control all the land they
    had.they encourage Americans to move into Texas.
    (Americans would hopefully help them control the
    land)

32
Texas
  • Stephen Austinestablished the first American
    settlement in Texas. Encouraged more Americans
    to move there.
  • This increase in Americans led to increased
    tensions between Americans and the Mexican
    government.
  • Santa AnnaMexican President and general. Became
    very upset when Austin asked for Texas to be
    independent.

33
Independence
  • Texans started to rebel against Mexico after
    Santa Anna took all of their power away.
  • Alamo187 Texans were killed (Davy Crocket, Jim
    Bowie). It was a major battle because the Texans
    were able to hold off the Mexican Army for a long
    time. (Inspiration)
  • Sam HoustonTexan general that defeated Santa
    Anna . This caused Texas to be an independent
    country called the Lone Star Republic.

34
(No Transcript)
35
Texas
36
Texas and the USA
  • Texas wanted to become a state right away in
    1836. Many people in the North were against this
    because Texas would have slaves.
  • Eventually in 1845, James Polk annexed Texas (Let
    the become part of America)
  • This made Mexico really upset

37
Mexico vs USA
  • James Polk (president) was more concerned with
    expansion then peace with Mexico.
  • He thought that winning a war vs. Mexico might
    give the United States New Mexico and California.
  • Polk told his best general (Zachary Taylor) to
    blockade the Rio Grande River (between
    Texas/Mexico). Polk hoped this would cause
    Mexico to attack the US (which they did).

38
Mexican-American War
  • Many Northerners (Lincoln) saw how Polk had
    baited the Mexicans into war.
  • People in the South loved the idea of the war
    because it would give them more land to expand
    slavery.people in the North hated it for the
    same reason.

39
Mexican-American War
  • Stephen Kearnytook troops in New Mexico and
    California. Easily able to win both of those
    lands because the people there wanted to be part
    of America.
  • The US had great generals fighting in Mexico
    (Robert E Lee, Ulysses S Grant, Winfield Scott
    and Zachary Taylor)
  • The US won almost every battle, they used
    different strategies (amphibious)

40
(No Transcript)
41
Surrender
  • September 14th, 1847, Zachary Taylor and his
    troops captured Mexico City.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoMexico agreed to the
    Rio Grande River as the border with Texas.
    Mexico also gave up its claim to New Mexico and
    California.
  • Gadsden PurchaseUS bought additional land South
    of New Mexico, formed the current boundary.

42
(No Transcript)
43
Post-War
  • Zachary Taylor was elected President in 1848.
  • Also in 1848, James Marshall discovered gold in
    California. Thousands of people moved to
    California in hopes of finding gold.

44
Gold Rush
  • Those people that moved to California were called
    the Forty-Niners.
  • San Francisco became the center of the gold rush.
    Population increased by 35,000 in 2 years.
  • Many Chinese and African Americans moved to
    California to look for gold.
  • California had over 100,000 people by 1850. It
    applied to become a state without going through
    the process and was successful (controversy)

45
(No Transcript)
46
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com