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Planning Server Deployments

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Title: Planning Server Deployments


1
Planning Server Deployments
  • Lesson 1

2
Skills Matrix
Technology Skill Objective Domain Objective
Installing Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution Accelerator Plan server installations and upgrades 1.1
Understanding the Deployment Process Plan for automated server deployment 1.2
3
Server Deployment
  • When planning a server deployment for a large
    enterprise network, the operating system edition
    you choose for your servers must be based on
    multiple factors, including the following
  • The hardware in the computers.
  • The features and capabilities you require for
    your servers.
  • The price of the operating system software.

4
Windows Server 2008 Editions
  • Windows Server 2008 Web
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter

5
Windows Server 2008 Web
  • Designed specifically for computers functioning
    as Internet or intranet Web servers.
  • Includes all of the Internet Information Services
    7 capabilities, but it cannot function as an
    Active Directory domain controller, and it lacks
    some of the other features found in the other
    editions as well.
  • The licensing terms for this product forbid you
    to run client/server applications that are not
    Web-based.

6
Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • The Standard edition includes nearly the full set
    of Windows Server 2008 features, lacking only
    some high-end components, such as server
    clustering and Active Directory Federation
    Services.
  • Standard edition is also limited to computers
    with up to 4 GB of RAM (in the x86 version) and
    up to four processors.

7
Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • The Enterprise edition includes the full set of
    Windows Server 2008 features, and supports
    computers with up to eight processors and up to
    64 GB of RAM (in the x86 edition).
  • Enterprise also supports up to four virtual
    images with Hyper-V (in the 64-bit version) and
    an unlimited number of network connections.

8
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Designed for large and powerful servers with up
    to 64 processors and fault tolerance features
    such as hot add processor support.
  • This edition is available only from original
    equipment manufacturers (OEMs), bundled with a
    server.

9
Processor Support
  • Each of the editions support x86 and x64
    processors.
  • There is also a Window Server 2008 for
    Itanium-Based Systems and Windows HPC Server 2008.

10
Server Core
  • Windows Server 2008 includes an installation
    option that gives a stripped-down version of the
    operating system.
  • There is no Start menu, no desktop Explorer
    shell, no Microsoft Management Console, and
    virtually no graphical applications.
  • All you see when you start the computer is a
    single window with a command prompt.

11
Server Core
  • To work with a Server Core computer, you must
    rely primarily on
  • The extensive collection of command prompt tools
    Microsoft includes with Windows Server 2008.
  • Use MMC consoles on another system to connect to
    the server.

12
Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
Accelerator (MAP)
  • Deploying Windows Server 2008 on a large network
    can often mean evaluating a large number of
    existing servers, to determine whether they have
    the appropriate hardware for the operating
    system.
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
    Accelerator (MAP) is a new tool that adds to the
    capabilities of its predecessor, Windows Vista
    Hardware Assessment Solution Accelerator, so that
    you can evaluate the hardware on servers as well
    as workstations.

13
Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
Accelerator (MAP)
  • MAP is essentially a database application based
    on Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express, a
    scaled-down, free version of SQL Server 2005.
  • MAP can run on the 32-bit version of the
    following operating systems
  • Windows Vista
  • Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2003 R2

14
Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
Accelerator (MAP)
15
The Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
Accelerator Setup Wizard
16
The Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
Accelerator Console
17
The Create or Select a Database To Use Dialog box
18
The Select Reports and Proposals Page
19
The Choose Computer Discovery Methods Page
20
The Specify Active Directory Options Page
21
The Use the Windows Networking Protocols Page
22
The Import Computer Names From a File Page
23
The Scan an IP Address Range Page
24
The Inventory Account Dialog Box
25
The Assessment Wizard Status Window
26
The MAP Console
27
The WS2008 Proposal File
28
The WS2008 Hardware Assessment File
29
The WS2008 Role Assessment File
30
Windows Deployment Server
  • Microsoft provides a variety of tools that enable
    network administrators to deploy the Windows
    operating systems automatically, using file-based
    images.
  • Windows Deployment Services (WDS) enables you to
    perform unattended installations of Windows
    Server 2008 and other operating systems on remote
    computers, using network-based boot and
    installation media.

31
Windows Deployment Server
  • The client computer must have a network adapter
    that supports a preboot execution environment
    (PXE).
  • In a PXE, the computer, instead of booting from a
    local drive, connects to a server on the network
    and downloads the boot files it needs to run.
  • In the case of a WDS installation, the client
    downloads a boot image file that loads Windows PE
    (Preinstallation Environment) 2.1, after which it
    installs the operating system by using another
    image file.

32
Installing Windows Deployment Services
  • To use WDS, you must install the Windows
    Deployment Services role, configure the service,
    and add the images you want to deploy.
  • WDS is a standard role that you can install from
    the Initial Configuration Tasks window or the
    Server Manager console.
  • The Windows Deployment Services role includes the
    following two role services
  • Deployment Server
  • Transport Server

33
Windows Deployment Services Prerequisites
  • Windows Deployment Services role, but the role
    has several other prerequisites, as follows
  • Active Directory The Windows Deployment
    Services computer must be a member of, or a
    domain controller for, an Active Directory
    domain.
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) The
    network must have an operational DHCP server that
    is accessible by the WDS clients.
  • Domain Name Service (DNS) A DNS server must be
    on the network for the WDS server to function.
  • NTFS The WDS server must have an NTFS drive to
    store the image files.

34
The Windows Deployment Services Console
35
The Remote Installation Folder Location Page
36
The DHCP Option 60 Page
37
The PXE Server Initial Settings Page
38
The Configuration Complete Page
39
Image Files
  • Windows Deployment Services requires two types of
    image files to perform remote client
    installations
  • Boot image
  • Install image

40
Boot Image
  • A boot image contains the files needed to boot
    the computer and initiate an operating system
    installation.
  • The Windows Server 2008 installation DVD includes
    a boot image file called boot.wim, located in the
    \Sources folder, which loads Windows PE 2.1 on
    the client computer.
  • You can use this boot image file for virtually
    any operating system deployment without
    modification.

41
Install Image
  • Contains the operating system that WDS will
    install on the client computer.
  • Windows Server 2008 includes a file named
    install.wim in the \Sources folder on the
    installation DVD.
  • This file contains install images for different
    operating system editions.
  • You can apply these images to a new computer to
    perform a standard Windows Server 2008 setup,
    just as if you had used the DVD to perform a
    manual installation.

42
The Image File Page
43
The Image Metadata Page
44
The Image Group Page
45
The List of Available Images Page
46
Custom DHCP Option
  • When you are using another computer as your DHCP
    server, you should clear the Do Not Listen on
    Port 67 and Configure DHCP Option 60 to
    PXEClient checkboxes on the DHCP Option 60 page
    of the Windows Deployment Services Configuration
    Wizard.
  • When you are using an external DHCP server, you
    must also configure it manually to include the
    custom option that provides WDS clients with the
    name of the WDS server.

47
The DHCP Console
48
The Predefined Options and Values Dialog Box
49
The Option Type Dialog Box
50
The Server Options Dialog Box
51
Creating Image Files
  • An install image is basically a snapshot of a
    computers hard drive taken at a particular
    moment in time.
  • The image file contains all of the operating
    system files on the computer, plus any updates
    and drivers you have installed, applications you
    have added, and configuration changes you have
    made.
  • Creating your own image files is essentially a
    matter of setting up a computer the way you want
    it and then capturing an image of the computer to
    a file.

52
Creating Image Files
  • You can use several tools to create image files,
    including the ImageX.exe command line utility
    Microsoft provides in the Windows AIK, which is
    available from the Microsoft Downloads Center at
    http//www.microsoft.com/downloads.
  • To use ImageX.exe, you must boot the target
    computer to Windows PE and run the tool from the
    command line.
  • The Windows Deployment Center console provides
    another method for creating image files, using
    the same WDS infrastructure you used to install
    images.

53
The Create Capture Image Wizard
54
Using Answer Files
  • WDS by itself enables you to perform a standard
    operating system installation, but the setup
    process is still interactive, requiring someone
    at the workstation.
  • To perform an unattended installation using WDS,
    you must use answer files, sometimes known as
    unattend files.
  • An answer file is a script containing responses
    to all of the prompts that appear on the WDS
    client computer during the installation process.
  • To create answer files, Microsoft recommends
    using the Windows System Image Manager (Windows
    SIM) tool in the Windows AIK.

55
The Client Tab of a WDS Servers Properties Sheet
56
The Image Properties Sheet
57
The Select Unattend File Dialog Box
58
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK)
  • A set of tools and documents that enable network
    administrators to plan, create, and deploy
    operating system image files to new computers on
    the network.
  • Windows AIK is not included with Windows Server
    2008.
  • Must be downloaded from Microsoft.com.

59
Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK)
  • ImageX.exe
  • Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE)
  • Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE)
  • Windows System Image Manager (Windows SIM)

60
Sysprep.exe
  • Strips away unique elements such as Computer
    name, Security Identifier (SID) and Driver Cache.
  • Used on reference computer before image is taken.
  • Sysprep is included with Windows Server 2008.

61
Deployment Process
  1. Build a lab environment.
  2. Create an answer file.
  3. Build a master installation.
  4. Create an image.
  5. Deploy the image.

62
Installing the Windows AIK
63
The Select Installation Folder Page
64
Creating an Answer File
  • Once you have installed Windows AIK, you can use
    Windows System Image Manager to create the answer
    file for your master computer installation.
  • The master computer will be the template for the
    image file you capture later.
  • You are essentially building the computer that
    you will clone to all of the other new computers
    you install later.

65
The Windows System Image Manager Window
66
The Select an Image Dialog Box
67
Windows System Image with Windows Image Added
68
Windows System Image Manager Window with New
Answer File
69
Windows System Image Manager Windows with a
Settings Added to the Answer File
70
Summary
  • When planning a server deployment for a large
    enterprise network, the operating system edition
    you choose for your servers must be based on
    multiple factors including the hardware in the
    computers, the features and capabilities you
    require for your servers, and the price of the
    operating system software.

71
Summary
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning Solution
    Accelerator (MAP) is a new tool that is capable
    of performing a hardware inventory on computers
    with no agent software required on the client
    side and adding information about the hardware to
    a database.
  • MAP can then evaluate the hardware information
    and create reports that specify which computers
    are capable of running Windows Server 2008.

72
Summary
  • Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is a role
    included with Windows Server 2008 that enables
    you to perform unattended installations of
    Windows Server 2008 and other operating systems
    on remote computers using network-based boot and
    installation media.

73
Summary
  • The Windows Automated Installation Kit (AIK) is a
    set of tools and documents that enables network
    administrators to plan, create, and deploy
    operating system image files to new computers on
    the network.

74
Summary
  • An unattend file is a script containing responses
    to all of the prompts that appear on the WDS
    client computer during the installation process.
  • To create unattend files, Microsoft recommends
    using the Windows System Image Manager (Windows
    SIM) tool in the Windows AIK.

75
Summary
  • You can use several tools to create image files,
    including the ImageX.exe command line utility
    Microsoft provides in the Windows AIK.
  • To use ImageX.exe, you must boot the target
    computer to Windows PE and run the tool from the
    command line.
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