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Delays, Disorders, and Differences

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Chapter 1 Delays, Disorders, and Differences – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Delays, Disorders, and Differences


1
Chapter 1
  • Delays, Disorders, and Differences

2
What are they?
  • Language Delay
  • Language Disorder

3
Language Delay Example
  • A child who does not speak his word until _____
    rather than _____ months
  • A child who does not combine words until rather
    than by ______________

4
Language Disorder
  • May involve 1) ______ (phonology, morphology,
    syntax) 2) _______ (semantics) and/or 3)
    _____ (pragmatics) in any combination.
  • A child who has a language disorder uses language
    behaviors that would not be considered part of
    ________________
  • For example, when a delay extends into the early
    elementary school-age years, it may appear as a
    language disorder.

5
  • Language Difference

6
Linguistic Competence and Performance
  • Linguistic Competence
  • Linguistic Performance




























































































































































7
Risk Factors
  • Serious concerns expressed by a parent, primary
    caregiver, or professional regarding __________
  • Parent or primary caregiver with _____________
    mental illness, developmental
    disability, or mental retardation.
  • Parent or primary caregiver with ______________
  • Parent or primary caregiver with a ____________
  • Family medical or genetic history
    characteristics...
  • Page 4 in book

8
  • What is an obvious indicator that a child may be
    at risk of language delays or disorders?

9
Early Intervention Part C
  • The National Early Intervention Longitudinal
    Study (2007) found
  • _________________ problems were the most
    prevalent reasons for referral for early
    intervention (41)
  • Pre- and perinatal problems (19)
  • Motor delays (17)
  • Overall delays (12)

10
Early Intervention Study (cont)
  • The study noted that children with language
    delays were rarely identified before _______
  • ____ of children entering early intervention
    after the age of _____ months had some variant of
    a speech or communication problem

11
Socio-Economic Impacts
  • Poverty impacts _____________
  • Single parent households
  • Single parent households of black children
  • Mothers _______________

12
Risk factors exacerbated by persistent poverty
  • Teen-age pregnancy
  • Premature birth
  • Poor health
  • Inadequate nutrition
  • Lack of housing
  • Instability in family relationships
  • Later school failure

13
Review of Table 1-5
Let s Talk
14
What do we know about Language Development
  • It is ___________________
  • Developmental milestones are attained at about
    the same age _______________
  • Developmental _______________
  • Children go through development __________
  • Individual children differ ________ from one
    another

15
Language Delays in Detail
  • Types of Language Delays
  • __________________
  • __________________
  • __________________

16
Language Delay
  • Child exhibits _________________ however, the
    language skills ______ those expected for his
    chronological age and level of _________
    _______________
  • Speech develops typically in the ________
    __________________, just at a slower rate.
  • Can refer to
  • Onset of usage of the language skill
  • Rate of progression through the acquisition
    process
  • The sequence in which the skills are learned

17
Language Delay with Plateau
  • Children follow a normal sequence of acquisition
    of language skills but __________ all of the
    skills expected for ______________
  • Child progresses to a point, then _________
  • Plateau may be due to
  • Physical illness, trauma, or psychological insult
  • Progress in another area of development, such as
    motor
  • Immature central nervous system is unable to
    handle _____________________

18
Significant Language Delay
  • Child acquires linguistic features in the normal
    sequence, but __________________ occur between
    the age the skill should be acquired and the age
    the child actually develops the skill

19
Language Disorders
  • Disorders in ________
  • Disorders in ________
  • Disorders in ________
  • Or any combination of the three

20
Disorders of Content
  • Semantic deficits which are characterized by
  • Slow acquisition of their ____________
  • Slow _______________
  • Difficulty with _______________ relationships
  • Difficulty with __________________

21
Disorders in Form
  • Phonological Disorder
  • Consistent misuse of ______________
  • Syntax Deficits (disorders)
  • Decreased ______________
  • _________ speech
  • Frequent ________________
  • Problems with ____________

22
  • Morphology Deficits
  • Problems with

23
Disorders of Use
  • Pragmatic disorders (use disorders)
  • Talking about something ____________
  • Rambling
  • Difficulty __________________
  • Difficulty with _______________
  • Difficulty with ________________

24
Language Differences
  • Speech Community A group of people who
    routinely and frequently use a _____________ to
    interact with each other.
  • Difference communication behavior meet the
    norms of the primary speech community but not the
    ________________

25
Dialect
  • Areas of concentration to be considered
  • Race and ethnicity
  • Region
  • Situation or context
  • Peer group association and identification
  • First language community and culture
  • Gender

26
Review Case Study
  • Page 31-32 of text book
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