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Kings of England and The Magna Carta

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Title: Kings of England and The Magna Carta


1
Kings of EnglandandThe Magna Carta
2
William the Conqueror
  • -1066 William led an army of Norman knights
    across the channel to England
  • -known as the Battle of Hastings

http//1.bp.blogspot.com/_0qZ6_cf6cvg/TST7lsJsNcI/
AAAAAAAAAK4/D_LZ-o5thpQ/s1600/Battle2Bof2BHastin
gs.jpg
-English were defeated
3
William the Conqueror
  • -William became King William I of England
  • -at first English resisted his rule, however,
    became more accepting after he kept many of their
    laws and type of govt.

http//globallearning.pwnet.org/images/WilliamtheC
onqueror.jpg
-the English learned Norman customs, the French
language architecture, and new artisan skills
4
Richard the Lionheart
  • -busy with the Crusades rather than ruling
    England
  • -died in 1199 from an arrow wound

http//thebsreport.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/ric
hard.jpg
5
John, Richards brother
  • -became King of England
  • - taxes made nobles angry
  • -1215 forced to sign the Magna Carta

http//www.berkshirehistory.com/villages/images/wi
ndsor_john.jpg
6
  • Magna Carta
  • excerpt analysis

7
  • "The Church is free to make its own
    appointments."
  • Meaning The Church had the final say who was
    appointed to Church positions of power.

8
  • "No more than the normal amounts of money can be
    collected to run the government, unless the
    king's feudal tenants give their consent."
  • Meaning The King was not allowed to demand more
    money (taxes) from people unless the Great
    Council agreed.

9
  • "No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or
    stripped of his rights or possessions... except
    by the lawful judgment of his peers."
  • Every free male has the right to a fair trial.

10
Other Magna Carta Declarations
  • -took away some of the Kings power gave more
    to nobles
  • -the King is not above the law

http//www.dutiel.com/webquests/test/images/magna_
carta_thumb.jpg
11
  • -Magna CartaGreat Charter
  • (charters are documents that allow towns to
    control their own affairs)

http//www.thedctraveler.com/files/2007/09/magna-c
arta-at-the-national-archives.jpg
12
Magna Carta Q A(courtesy of the British
Library)
  • Why is it so hard to read?
  • The scribes wrote in medieval Latin. They also
    followed the usual practice of abbreviating words
    to save space on the parchment, because it was so
    expensive to produce. 

http//www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/magna_6.html
13
Magna Carta Q A(courtesy of the British
Library)
  • What kind of material was it written on?
  • The Magna Carta was written on parchment, not on
    paper. Parchment was the normal writing material
    in England at the time (it was made from
    sheepskin)

http//www.isle-dso.eu.dodea.edu/et/Projects/Const
itution/parchmentbase.jpg
14
Magna Carta Q A(courtesy of the British
Library)
  • There are four known copies of the Magna Carta
    why is one burnt?
  • Both copies of Magna Carta in the British Library
    came from a collection of manuscripts owned by
    Sir Robert Cotton. In 1731, there was a fire
    where his collection was kept. 

http//www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/citize
nship/images/citizen_subject/magna_carta.jpg
15
Magna Carta Q A(courtesy of the British
Library)
  • Why is the Magna Carta so important?
  • It was the first action by an English king to set
    limits on royal authority. 

http//files.vector-images.com/clipart/crown_emp7.
gif
16
Simon de Montfort
  • -1264 became King
  • -let more people have representatives in Great
    Council

http//www.s9.com/images/portraits/21027_Montfort-
Simon-De.jpg
17
Edward the First
  • -made Parliament
  • -gave people an even greater share in the ruling
    of England

http//www.wright.edu/martin.kich/GLR/Glr5/Images
/Ph10.jpg
http//www.middletemple.org.uk/Images/h_edward_i.j
pg
18
Bibliography
  • England. British Library. The British Library.
    Claire Breay. The British Library Board. Web. 28
    Feb. 2010. lthttp//www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/
    virtual_curator/vcindex.htmlgt.
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