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Africa: Traditional Patterns of Life

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Africa: Traditional Patterns of Life Pre-Class Africa s Child How are girls viewed in some parts of Africa? What are the consequences of forced marriage? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 18 June 2019
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Title: Africa: Traditional Patterns of Life


1
Africa Traditional Patterns of Life
2
Pre-Class
  • Africas Child
  • How are girls viewed in some parts of Africa?
  • What are the consequences of forced marriage?
  • How is forced marriage connected to tradition?
  • What steps have been taken to protect girls in
    some parts of Africa?
  • In your opinion, what else can be done to protect
    girls in some parts of Africa?

3
1. What holds society together?
  • Family Loyalty

4
2. Family of hunting and gathering societies?
  • Groups of nuclear families

5
3. Families of farming and herding societies?
  • Extended families
  • Worked as an economic unit for survival
  • Families may work together on large projects

6
4. What unites people beyond extended family? Why?
  • Ties of kinship
  • Sharing lineage created bonds of loyalty and
    responsibility

7
5. Define
  • Lineage
  • a group of distant relatives who trace their
    descent to a common ancestor
  • Clan
  • several lineages form a clan- shared duties and
    obligation toward one another

8
6. Where did most people live?
  • Small villages
  • Some villages linked together as a part of a
    larger government connected to empires
  • Tribal not as part of an empire

9
Zulu
Benin
10
7. Who made decisions that affected daily life?
  • Village leaders
  • Council of elders
  • Village elders

11
8. In many areas how were decisions for village
and issues of justice decided?
  • Full public discussions
  • Goal was to reach a consensus (Common agreement)
  • Community over individual
  • Trial by Oil 306

12
9. Define Subsistence Farming
  • Subsistence Farming produce enough for own needs
    with little or no surplus

13
10. What varied according to environment? Examples
  • Methods of farming
  • Examples forest slash and burn savanna crop
    rotation

14
11. How did people view the land in farming
societies?
  • Communal property
  • no ownership but family had the right to use
    their fair share

15
12. What determined wealth in herding societies?
  • Number of cattle

16
Massai
17
13. Why were women seen as important in
traditional society?
  • Contributed to economic well being of family
  • Worked the fields took surplus to market
  • Respected
  • Bore children, educated

18
14. Describe the status of women.
  • Varies-
  • some high status leaders
  • Wolof, Ashanti
  • Some women owned land and ruled the home
  • Patriarchal others had no power and were
    dominated by men

19
15. Define
  • Polygamy
  • practice of having more than one spouse
  • Bride wealth
  • gift to brides family to recognize
    importance/respect of women

20
16. Explain the two types of traditions that
govern inheritance descent
  • Matrilineal
  • female lineage
  • Patrilineal
  • male lineage

21
17. What is the age-grade system?
  • All boys and girls born in the same year
  • Helps develop loyalty
  • To learn values of society
  • Rites of passage page 89

22
18. What purpose does religion serve?
  • As elsewhere helps unite a society
  • Deals with origins, morality, right and wrong

23
19. Describe traditional African Beliefs/
Indigenous beliefs?
  • Indigenous beliefs
  • original or local
  • Oral traditions griot West African Story
    teller
  • Somewhat Monotheistic-
  • single supreme being that created the world with
    lesser gods and spirits for daily life
  • Ancestor veneration
  • ancestors can help or hurt the living

24
African Religion
Supreme Being
Lesser Gods
Ancestors
Humans
Medicine Magic (Spirits)
25
Anansi the Spider 500
26
  • Body Modification
  • 1000

27
20. Define Animism
  • Belief that spirits live in the natural world

28
Animism 130
29
Traditional Religions 430
30
21. What is the purpose of a Diviner and Healer?
  • Diviner
  • To explain the cause of misfortune
  • Link between people and the spirits
  • Healer
  • Seek cause of illness
  • Herbal medicines

31
22. What major religions exist in Africa?
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Judaism
  • Hinduism

32
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