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Reflections on the International Seminar on Green Economy and Official Statistics

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Title: Reflections on the International Seminar on Green Economy and Official Statistics


1
Reflections on the International Seminaron Green
Economy and Official Statistics
  • Lee, Jae-won
  • Statistical Research Institute
  • Statistics Korea
  • 2011. 9. 28

2
Contents
  1. Seminar Overview
  2. Issues Discussed
  3. Challenges Ahead

3
1. Seminar Overview
4
1-1. Seminar Overview
  • Title International Seminar on Green
    Economy and Official Statistics
  • Organizers KOSTAT, UNSD
  • Date July 6-8, 2011
  • Venue Seoul, Korea (Jamshil Lotte Hotel)

5
1-2. Participants
  • High level statistical professionals, policy
    makers, and experts on green economy
  • From advanced, developing countries and major
    international organizations
  • 100 attendees from 22 countries and international
    organizations (UNSD, EUROSTAT, OECD, etc)

6
1-3. Topics
  • Session 1 Koreas Green Growth Initiative and
  • Official Statistics
  • Session 2 Green Economy and Official Statistics
  • Session 3 Economic Instruments to Reduce
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    and
  • Statistical Issues
    Arising

7
1-3. Topics
  • Session 4 Identifying Green Jobs/Adapting
  • Statistical
    Classifications
  • Session 5 Statistics on Energy Efficiencies and
  • Renewable, Production
    Efficiencies
  • and Consumption
    Efficiencies
  • Session 6 The Statistical Issues from the
  • Developing Countries
    Perspectives

8
1-4. Motivation for Organizing Seminar
  • To discuss the role of official statistical
    agencies and international statistical standards
    for green economy
  • The paradigm shift in national development
    strategies to green economy
  • Lack of national statistics on establishing and
    monitoring green
  • economy policies
  • Organized based on the agreement between
    Statistics Korea and UNSD to annually organize
    international seminar on global issues
  • First seminar ?International Seminar on ICT
    Statistics?, July 19-21, 2010 in Seoul
  • This seminar was the second joint seminar between
    Statistics Korea and UNSD

8/20
9
2. Issues Discussed
10
2-1. Economic Polices and Official Statistics
  • Economic policies towards environmentally
    friendly direction
  • Green goods and services are emerging as new
    economic engine
  • Green economic statistics development efforts
    throughout the world OECD (green growth
    indicators), India (environmental resource
    accounts)
  • Green is a dynamic concept the stage of
    maturity for each society needs to be considered
    to quantify green economy

Brown Economy
Green Economy
Energy-intensive Society
Energy-efficient Low carbon society
Brown Statistics
Green Statistics
11
2-2. Core Indicators for International Comparison
  • Need core indicators to ensure international
    comparability in green economy/growth indicators
  • Also need a set of core indicators between
    various programs on green economy led by
    international organizations

Set of Core Indicators
Programs on green economy
Green Economy Initiative (UNEP)
EU 20-20-20 Actions on Climate Change
UN Summit on Sustainable Development
Green Growth Initiative (OECD)
12
2-3. Importance of Utilizing SEEA
  • System of Integrated Environmental and Economic
    Accounts (SEEA) as a framework for consistent
    measurement of green economy
  • SEEA Volume1 will be included in the agenda for
    UN Statistics Commission in 2012
  • Need accompanying guidance on how countries may
    apply SEEA in accordance with their particular
    priorities
  • Significant portion of statistics used in
    Netherlands green growth indicators are based on
    SEEA

13
2-4. EGSS as Framework for Measuring Green Economy
  • The environmental goods and services sector
    (EGSS) a critical role as a framework for
    measuring green economy
  • EGSS can be used in harmony with CEPA2000 and
    SEEA
  • CEPA Classification of Environmental
    Protection Activities
  • Statistics on EGSS can be compared with those of
    all other industries

14
2-5. Green Classification
  • Official statisticians should be prudent in
    labeling particular phenomena as green or not
  • The perspectives for green jobs
  • the perspective of people employed in defined
    industries
  • the perspective of people working in a defined
    set of occupations
  • For international comparability, classifications
    should be applicable to countries with diverse
    environments

15
2-6. Koreas Experience for Green Growth
Statistics
Low carbon green growth as one of Koreas
national vision for growth
Develop green growth indicators, green industry
statistics, green life indicators to
statistically support the national strategy for
green growth
To monitor the progress of green growth, seminar
took place at a mid-point (2011) of the nations
five-year plan for green growth
Under study to adopt SEEA frameworks to enhance
international comparability based on
recommendations of the seminar
16
3. Challenges Ahead
17
Challenges Ahead
  • Re-establishing the role of official statistical
    organizations in regards to green growth
    statistics
  • Compiling SEEA as framework for measuring green
    economy
  • SEEA and EGSS a critical role in compiling
    consistent and internationally comparable
    statistics for green economy
  • Preparation works by statistical agencies of each
    country to compile SEEA and EGSS

Review green growth policies of each country
Develop basic conceptual framework and
classifications of green growth statistics
18
Challenges Ahead
  • Improving statistics on energy efficiency
  • Improved statistics on energy are required in the
    fields of efficient energy use and renewable
    energy
  • As most of greenhouse gas emissions occur during
    the process of producing energy
  • Compiling green economy statistics tailored for
    each countrys circumstances
  • Sharing experiences of each country would be
    useful in compiling statistics tailored to each
    countrys circumstances
  • Statistics on consumption and household
    dimensions are essential to green economy issues

19
Challenges Ahead
  • Importance of sharing outcomes of the seminar
  • Report key conclusions from the seminar to the
    43rd Session of the UN Statistical Commission in
    2012
  • Upcoming project and meeting
  • UNSD Project on Developing Green Economy
    Indicators
  • UNSD project (2012-2015) to support development
    of green economy indicators for its
    member countries

20
Challenges Ahead
  • UNEP Workshop on Statistics for Environmental
    Goods and Services
  • UNEP Workshop on the EGSS for measuring green
    economy on November 14-15, 2011 in Geneva
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