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UNIT 4 THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

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Title: The Executive Branch (ppt) Author: Conyers Middle School Last modified by: Vasilchek, Nick Created Date: 6/25/2007 2:51:14 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNIT 4 THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH


1
UNIT 4 THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH Dream Job or
Nightmare?
2
  • SSCG4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of
    the organization and powers of
  • the national government.
  • a. Describe the structure and powers of the
    legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

3
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  • TOP 4 LEVELS OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  • 1. The President
  • 2. The Vice President
  • 3. The Cabinet
  • 4. Executive Depts. Bureaucracy

4
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS
  • Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
  • Grant reprieves pardons for federal offenses
  • Call special session of Congress
  • Receive ambassadors
  • Execute (ENFORCE) laws
  • Appoint officials to lesser offices

5
Powers Shared w/ Senate
  • Make Treaties
  • Appoint Ambassadors, Judges, high officials
  • Approve Legislation (veto legislation)

6
  • SSCG12 The student will analyze the various roles
    played by the President of the
  • United States include Commander-in-Chief of the
    Armed Forces, chief executive, chief agenda
    setter, representative of the nation, chief of
    state, foreign policy leader, and party leader.

7
Presidential Roles
  • Commander in Chief- Leader of All Armed Forces
  • Chief Executive- Leader of Executive Branch
  • Chief Agenda Setter- Sets the schedule for
    Executive Branch

8
Presidential Roles
  • Representative of the Nation- is the main person
    who represents our nation worldwide
  • Chief of State- leader of our national government
  • Foreign Policy Leader- leads how we deal with
    other countries

9
Presidential Roles
  • Party Leader- leader of his/her party. Main
    figure head of their political party

10
The Oval Office
11
White House Office
  • West Wing
  • Closest to the Pres.
  • Presidents 1 Aid is the Chief of Staff
  • Press Secretary- Another key part of Executive
    branch by means of distributing information.

12
Secretary of Homeland Security
13
  • SSCG13 The student will describe the
    qualifications for becoming President of the
    United States.
  • a. Explain the written qualifications for
    President of the United States.
  • b. Describe unwritten qualifications common to
    past presidents.

14
Qualifications for Pres. V.P.
  • Must be 35 years old
  • Must be a natural born citizen
  • Must have lived in the U.S. the last 14 years

15
Term of office
  • The President and V-P. are elected to four year
    terms
  • The 22nd amendment limits the president to two
    terms or no more than 10 years

16
Compensation
  • Salary 400,000(2001)
  • 50,000 for expenses
  • 100,000 for travel
  • White House 132 rooms and office
  • Camp David Resort
  • Medical Dental Care
  • Secret service protection-life
  • Pension
  • Transportation

17
  • SSCG14 The student will explain the impeachment
    process and its usage for elected officials.
  • a. Explain the impeachment process as defined in
    the U.S. Constitution.
  • b. Describe the impeachment proceedings of Andrew
    Johnson and Bill Clinton

18
Removal of President
  • The president and vice president may be removed
    from office upon conviction of impeachment for
    high crimes and misdemeanors

19
Impeachment Process
  • House of Reps- votes to press charges against
    president which if approved will take the
    president to trial
  • Senate- holds the trial to impeach the president
    (need 2/3 majority to impeach)

20
25th Amendment 1967
  • If President cannot complete his term, the V.P.
    becomes President
  • If V.P. office is vacant, the President appoints
    one w/ Senate approval.

21
Presidential Succession Act
  • 1. Vice-President of the U.S.
  • 2. Speaker of the House
  • 3. President pro tem
  • 4. Cabinet secretaries in order of department
    origin (State, Treasury, Defense)

22
JOHNSON IMPEACHED
23
Johnsons Impeachment
  • President Johnson enacted a lenient
    Reconstruction policy for the defeated South,
    including almost total amnesty to
    ex-Confederates, a program of rapid restoration
    of U.S.-state status for the seceded states, and
    the approval of new, local Southern governments,
    which were able to legislate "Black Codes" that
    preserved the system of slavery in all but its
    name.

24
Johnson Impeachment 2
  • On February 24, Johnson was impeached, and on
    March 13 his impeachment trial began in the
    Senate under the direction of U.S. Supreme Court
    Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase. The trial ended on
    May 26 with Johnson's opponents narrowly failing
    to achieve the two-thirds majority necessary to
    convict him.

25
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26
CLINTONs Impeachment
  • After nearly 14 hours of debate, the House of
    Representatives approves two articles of
    impeachment against President Bill Clinton,
    charging him with lying under oath to a federal
    grand jury and obstructing justice. Clinton, the
    second president in American history to be
    impeached, vowed to finish his term.

27
CLINTON IMPEACHMENT 2
  • The president was acquitted on both articles of
    impeachment. The prosecution needed a two-thirds
    majority to convict but failed to achieve even a
    bare majority. Rejecting the first charge of
    perjury, 45 Democrats and 10 Republicans voted
    "not guilty," and on the charge of obstruction of
    justice the Senate was split 50-50. After the
    trial concluded, President Clinton said he was
    "profoundly sorry" for the burden his behavior
    imposed on Congress and the American people.

28
  • SSCG20 The student will describe the tools used
    to carry out United States foreign policy
    (diplomacy economic, military, and humanitarian
    aid treaties sanctions and military
    intervention).

29
Tools of Diplomacy
  • Diplomacy- Meeting with foreign leaders to react
    diplomatic solutions to problems
  • Economic Aid- sending money to help
  • Humanitarian Aid- sending food or medical help

30
Tools of Diplomacy
  • Military Aid- sending military troops to train,
    or giving military equipment
  • Treaties- agreeing with foreign countries to
    solve a problem
  • Sanctions- putting restrictions on a country
  • Military Intervention- Sending troops to solve a
    problem
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