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World War I: 1914-1918 The Great War


World War I: 1914-1918 The Great War I. Europe Before the War Austro-Hungarian Empire German Empire Great Britain France Balkans Russian Empire II. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 16 September 2019
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Title: World War I: 1914-1918 The Great War

World War I 1914-1918The Great War
I. Europe Before the War
Russian Empire
German Empire
Great Britain
Austro-Hungarian Empire
II. Optimism Before the War
  • Scientific and technological advances
  • Economic prosperity
  • belief that the world had become too civilized
    for war

II. Why The Great War Began
  • Imperialism competition for colonial empires
    fueled rivalry
  • Example Moroccan crisis between Germany and
  • Nationalism Ethnic groups wanted nations of
    their own (especially in Austria-Hungary).
  • Example Slavic people in the Balkan powder
  • Serbia was an independent Slavic nation and
    wanted other Slavs to join them in a new
    nation-state. The area had several wars in the
    early 1900s, trying to achieve this aim.

II. Why the Great War Began
  • Militarism glorification of military strength
  • Each nation tried to get a bigger army or navy
    than the other (arms race)
  • Alliance System leaders of nations promised to
    aid one another in case of attack
  • Central Powers/Triple Alliance Germany,
    Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
  • Allied Powers/Triple Entente Great Britain,
    France, Russia

III. The Spark
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
    assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia (in the Balkans)
    by a Serbian nationalist
  • Austria declares war on Serbia. Russia had to
    honor its alliance with Serbia.
  • Alliance system kicks in, and soon everyone is at
    war. Nations enter with excitement believe the
    war will be short.

IV. Schlieffen Plan
  • Germanys War Plan
  • Massive attack to quickly defeat France
  • Then focus on Russia in the East
  • The Reality
  • Attacks bog down (Battle of the Marne)
  • Both sides build trenches and realize the war
    will not be short
  • Trench Warfare begins

Roots of War
War of Attrition/Total War
  • New method of warfare based on new weapons
  • ALL human/natural resources poured into war
  • Whoever ran out of these things first would lose
  • Colonies taken advantage of, for extraction of
    human/natural resources
  • Colonial peoples used in labor roles at the
    Western Front

Trench Life