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Interdisciplinary Lesson on the Holocaust

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Interdisciplinary Lesson on the Holocaust English and Social Studies Concentration on victims with Disabilities 8th Grade By Linnea Bassin and Kristin Hehrer – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Interdisciplinary Lesson on the Holocaust


1
Interdisciplinary Lesson on the Holocaust
  • English and Social Studies Concentration on
    victims with Disabilities
  • 8th Grade

By
Linnea Bassin and Kristin Hehrer
ED 301 Sec 02
2
  • Unit Disabilities
  • Grade 8
  • Lesson The Holocaust- Victims with Disabilities.

3

Objective To educate students on the disabled
victims of the Holocaust. The students will be
able to do the following after the
lesson 1. Students will understand the variety
of victims from the Holocaust. 2. Students will
have a respect for diversity. 3. Students will
recognize the major symbols the Nazis used to
identify victims.
4
  • Materials needed
  • ? Computer with internet access.
  • ? Notebook paper
  • ? Pencil or pen
  • ? Printer
  • ? Folder for journal
  • ? Paper Plates
  • ? Glue
  • ? Markers
  • ? Armbands with different colors

5
Introduction Activity
  • This lesson is the first unit in a lesson that
    focuses on the Holocaust and the variety of
    victims. This unit focuses on those victims with
    disabilities.
  • As an introduction activity, the students will
    find a personal story of a survivor or victim of
    the Holocaust. This will be used for many
    activities throughout the unit.

6
  • Find a victims story with a picture using the
    following websites
  • http//trackstar.scrtec.org/main/display.php3?trac
    kid00265 click on format you wish and a list
    will come up with personal stories.
  • http//www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/phistor
    ies/ Personal stories of those affected by the
    Holocaust
  • http//www.remember.org/witness/ List of those
    affected by the Holocaust.

7
  • 1. Create a Journal entry from the point of view
    of the person you choose from the previous
    activity. Tell us about their life was life
    before the war.
  • 2. Tell us about your persons life during the
    war.
  • 3. Tell us what the persons life is like after
    the war. If they perished during the war, tell
    us how and when. Let us know if they had any
    family that survived.

8
  • I. Nazis targeted
  • - Jews, Gypsies homosexuals, Polish, Jehovahs
    witnesses, the disabled and political opponents.
  • II. The Nazis target the following disabilities
  • - Mental illness (schizophrenia and manic
    depression)
  • - Retardation (congenital and
    feeble-mindedness)
  • - Physical deformity
  • - Epilepsy
  • - Blindness
  • - Severe alcoholism

9

III. The Nazis started by sterilizing those with
disabilities. They later moved on to gassing and
shooting them. IV. The programs used to target
those with disabilities were called T-4 and
14f13. V. The Nazis used mental hospitals to
start their killing.
10

The Nazis used these symbols to identify the
groups in areas they controlled.
11
The map above shows the Euthanasia centers used
to murder people with disabilities.
12
  • Armband Game
  • Put on the armband you received when you came in.
  • Talk to only the students with the same armbands.

How did you feel? Were there any of your friends
that you could not talk to you? Were there people
that you were forced to talk to that you did not
really know before? Write the answer to these
questions in your journal. Add any comments
about the activity that you would like to tell us.
13

Cartoon Truth or Tale?
  • View the following cartoon.
  • Use the worksheets given to answer questions
    about the pictures. http//www.teachersfirst.com/a
    utoframe.htm?http//fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/
    This is the source of the worksheet.
  • We will discuss these after everyone has a chance
    to reflect on them.

14
Anti-Semitic cartoon by Seppla (Josef Plank)--An
octopus with a Star of David over its head has
its tentacles encompassing a globe. Credit line
Library of Congress, courtesy of USHMM Photo
Archives. Date Circa 1938 Source
http//www.teachersfirst.com/autoframe.htm?http//
fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/
15
  • Questions from Worksheet
  • 1. What are the main colors used in the poster?
  • 2. What symbols (if any) are used in the poster?
  • 3. If a symbol is used, is it
  • a. Clear (easy to interpret)?
  • b. memorable?
  • c. dramatic?
  • 4. Are the messages in the poster primarily
    visual, verbal or both?
  • 5. Who do you think is the intended audience for
    the poster?
  • 6. What does the Nazi Government hope the
    audience will do?
  • 7. Compare this cartoon with the song- Hes Got
    the Whole World in His Hands. Is there a
    correlation?
  • 8. The most effective posters use symbols that
    are unusual, simple, and direct. Is this an
    effective poster?

16
  • Commemorative Plates
  • 1. Get a paper plate and a marker.
  • 2. Create a Plate to honor the person you have
    been following through the Holocaust.
  • 3. Make sure you have the following on the plate.
  • - Birth and death date
  • - place of birth
  • - family information
  • - picture of the victim.
  • 4. If you would like to use construction paper or
    the computer to create a commemorative plate, you
    may.

17

One of the victims was Helene Melanie Label. She
was born September 15, 1911 in Vienna,
Austria. 1933- 39 At age 19, Helen first showed
the signs of mental illness. 1935 she had to
give up her law studies and her job as a legal
secretary because she suffered a major breakdown.
She was place in a Psychiatric Hospital. After
German Annexed Austria in 1938, she became
confined to the hospital. 1940 She was gassed,
even though she was showing signs of improvement.
18

Review Questions
Who did the Nazis try and eliminate? What were
some of the disabilities that the Nazis
targeted? Give us a story of someone who had a
disability and parished at the hands of the
Nazis? What symbols were used to identify those
who the Nazis targeted?
19
Preview of rest of the Lesson
? We will learn more information about the other
groups persecuted by the Nazis. ? We will read
Number the Stars and write reflective journals
about the readings. ? We will see the affects of
the Holocaust after watching video taped
interview with victims.
20
  • Websites for further information
  • http//www.teachersfirst.com/autoframe.htm?http//
    fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/ Website that
    contains a lot of information for teachers on
    the Holocaust.
  • http//www.holocaustsurvivors.org/ Website of
    Holocaust survivors.
  • http//motlc.wiesenthal.com/index.html Simon
    Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Library Center.
  • http//www.ushmm.org/ United States Holocaust
    Memorial Mueseum
  • http//fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictHan
    d.htm Victims of the Holocaust with Disabilities.
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