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Forage Management Unit for Adults

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Select a forage species Based on how the land is utilized Crop production can be limited by climatic region Select High Quality Seed of an ... Use Hay Pasture Seed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forage Management Unit for Adults


1
Resource or Product?
2
Forage Management Unit for Adults
  • Lesson 2
  • Establishing Forages

3
Direction and Purpose to
  • Understand the steps involved in establishing
    forages
  • Determine which forage crops will produce optimum
    results in your situation

4
Match Plants to Soils and Climate
  • What type of soil is present?
  • Determine soil type by use of
  • County soil survey maps
  • Aerial photos
  • Soils descriptions

5
Supply Proper Fertility
  • Soil Testing
  • Taking good samples
  • Interpreting and using test reports

6
Supply Proper Fertility
  • Liming
  • Effects soil acidity
  • Proper application methods and times of year

7
Supply Proper Fertility
  • Fertilizing with
  • Nitrogen - N
  • Phosphorus - P
  • Potassium K
  • Magnesium - Mg

8
Which Crops Fit the Soil Type and Climatic
Region?
  • Select a forage species
  • Based on how the land is utilized
  • Crop production can be limited by climatic region

9
Match Plants to Intended Use
10
Hay
Pasture
11
Seed
Silage
12
Select High Quality Seed of an Adapted Variety
  • To ensure optimum crop production
  • Utilized to increase crop yield and profit

13
Prepare an Adequate Seedbed
  • An adequate seedbed increases the chances of
    higher crop yields
  • Custom rates for farm and ranch services

14
Inoculate Legume Seed
  • Introduction of specific microorganisms into the
    soil
  • Enables legume plant to fix nitrogen from soil
    atmosphere into form that can be used by legume
    or other plants

15
Use Proven Seeding Methods
  • No-till drilling
  • Spreading with fertilizer
  • Planter

16
Seed at Right Time with Correct Amount of Seed
  • Examine
  • Seeding rates
  • Seeding dates
  • Seeding depths

17
Conclusions
  • Recognition of soil types
  • Determine intended use of plants
  • Understand which forage crops best fit
  • Ability to read a soil test
  • Understand what nutrients need application for
    establishment

18
Conclusions
  • Best method of seeding
  • Proper seeding rates
  • Optimum seeding dates
  • Proper depths for planting
  • Government programs available for aid
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