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Tools for Human Rights and Gender for Local Development

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Title: Tools for Human Rights and Gender for Local Development


1
Tools for Human Rights and Gender for Local
Development -Case study, Macedonia-
United Nations Development Programme
2
Poverty reduction processes in Macedonia
  • Data
  • Human Poverty Index - 55.1
  • Unemployment rate - 36,7
  • Long-term unemployment rate -85.1
  • Households living below the poverty line - 30,2
  • Inactivity rate 45.5 of total population
  • Inactivity rate of women 62.1 of total inactive
    population
  • Participation of women in the parliament 17.5

3
Policy papers for poverty reduction
  • MDG report, July 2005
  • National Development Plan (2007-2009) October
    2006
  • National programme for socio-economical
    development (2006 2015) December 2006.

4
MDG processes in Macedonia
  • Participatory process coordinated by the Ministry
    of Finance
  • 5 working groups on poverty, health, education ,
    environment and economic factors and three task
    forces leaded by national coordinators
  • Localization of MDGs .

5
MDG process in Macedonia
  • Two projects based on MDGs are implementing
    simultaneously Building capacities for MDG
    processes and MDG Based local vision.
  • Projects are aimed to support the preparation of
    the National Programme for Socio Economic
    Development/NDP through bottom-up approach
    (involving local governments, civil society and
    business sector), and ensure utilization of MDGs
    as a harmonized framework for effective
    development.

6
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • The main features of a HRA to poverty reduction
    for
  • Macedonia are
  • Identification of the poor
  • Recognition of the relevant normative national
    and international human rights framework
  • Equality and non-discrimination
  • Progressive realisation of human rights
  • Participation and empowerment
  • Monitoring and Accountability

7
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • Selection of municipalities - Criteria
  • Geographical balance
  • Rural and urban municipalities
  • Etching composition (ethnic mixed
    municipalities)
  • Rate of unemployment
  • Needs to improve the position of women
  • Size of municipality
  • Technical, material and human capacities of
    municipality
  • Civil society sector.

8
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • Advisory Board is consist of representatives of
    Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Local self
    governments, OHCHR, Civic platform and UNDP.
  • Networking with relevant stakeholders on local
    and national level

9
Tools for HR and gender in LD
  • Local leadership groups consist of
    representatives
  • from Public, private and civil society sector
    with focus on NGOs working with vulnerable and
    marginalized groups are established in
  • Gostivar (25 members),
  • Strumica (23 members) and
  • Negotino (21 members).

10
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • Focal point (coordinator) in the
    municipalities provide link between LLG and Local
    self government officials.
  • Pool of 30 local trainers MDG facilitators
    deliver training for LLG in Participatory
    planning, Methods and techniques of determination
    the need of vulnerable groups, Monitoring and
    analysis (indicators), Tools for monitoring and
    analysis of MDG based programs, Advocacy and
    campaigning.

11
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • Base line study serve as a tool for
    identification
  • and representation of vulnerabilities in pilot
    municipalities.
  • Study is based on
  • -survey -450 households
  • -structured interviews with local stakeholders.

12
Tools for HRBA and gender in LD
  • Macedonian national and International
    legislation framework as tool for HRBA and gender
    mainstreaming identifies domestic and
    international laws relevant to major HR in the
    contexts of MDGs.
  • The legislation checklist will support
    activities related with HR and HRBA in planning
    processes.

13
Lessons learned
  • Obstacles in implementation of HRBA and gender
    mainstreaming in planning processes
  • low awareness of local officials about the needs
    of different groups of citizens (minorities,
    vulnerable and marginalised groups)
  • Insufficient knowledge and commitment of local
    self-governments to the participatory planning
    processes
  • Systems and procedures, and organisational
    structure in LSG do not support planning
    processes

14
Tools for Human Rights and Gender for Local
Development -Case study, Macedonia-
Thank you!
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