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Title: Vocabulary Review Units 1-6


1
Vocabulary Review Units 1-6
2
Round One- Unit One
  • Cell Scientific Method
  • Asexual reproduction Hypothesis
  • DNA Controlled Experiment
  • Variable Classification
  • Homeostasis Taxonomy
  • Dichotomous Key Bacteria
  • Binary Fission Diffusion
  • Osmosis Prokaryotic cell
  • Theory

3
Give the word that goes with each definition
4
________________- Tool scientist use to identify
an unknown organism.
Dichotomous Key
5
________________- Genetic material found in all
living organisms that acts as the blue print of
life.
DNA
6
________________-The diffusion of water molecules
from an area of high concentration to an area of
low concentration.
Osmosis
7
_______________- Type of asexual reproduction in
which a unicellular organism undergoes cell
division to make genetically identical
unicellular offspring.
Binary Fission
8
_______________-The science of classifying
organisms and giving each a scientific name.
Taxonomy
9
_______________- Reproduction that produces
genetically identical offspring from only one
parent.
Asexual Reproduction
10
_______________- the maintenance of a stable
internal environment.
Homeostasis
11
_______________- A hypothesis that has been
supported by lots of experimentation and tests.
Theory
12
_______________- An educated guess to a
scientific problem.
Hypothesis
13
_______________- Among the oldest organisms on
earth, these unicellular organisms have no
nucleus in their cells.
Bacteria
14
_______________- A cell that contains no
membrane-bound organelles and no nuclei.
Prokaryotic Cell
15
_______________-Membrane covered structure that
contains all the materials necessary for life.
Basic unit of life.
Cell
16
_______________-The movement of molecules from an
area of high concentration to an area of low
concentration.
Diffusion
17
______________- The steps a scientist take when
conducting a controlled experiment.
Scientific Method
18
____________- any factor in an experiment that
changes.
Variable
19
Now it is time to shorten up these
definitions. I will give you two or three words
and you give me the vocabulary term.
20
Educated guess
Hypothesis
21
Supported by evidence
Theory
22
Tool, identify organism
Dichotomous Key
23
Organisms, no nucleus
Bacteria
24
Molecules, High to Low
Diffusion
25
Experiment steps
Scientific Method
26
Factors that change
Variables
27
Basic Unit of Life
  • Cells

28
Cell, No nucleus
  • Prokaryotic Cell

29
Diffusion of Water
  • Osmosis

30
Classifying, Naming, Organisms
  • Taxonomy

31
Genetic Material
  • DNA

32
Unicellular Reproduction
  • Binary Fission

33
One parent
  • Asexual Reproduction

34
Now, Complete each sentence using what you know
about your vocabulary terms.
35
Carleus Linnaeus developed a science in which he
classified organisms and gave each a scientific
name made up of the genus and the species name,
this science was known as ________.
Taxonomy
36
After making several observations, a scientist
can make a __________, or an intelligent guess to
the outcome of an experiment.
Hypothesis
37
The ________ stores all genetic information and
can be found inside the nucleus of all eukaryotic
cells.
DNA
38
After conducting several tests on her hypothesis,
Nancy was able to support the _____ that rose
bushes need adequate amounts of water to live.
theory
39
The water molecules will move using _______ up
the xylem of the plant to reach the leaves for
photosynthesis.
osmosis
40
Archaebacteria and Eubacteria undergo a
reproduction of cellular division called ______
and therefore their offspring is genetically
identical to the one parent.
Binary fission
41
All organisms are made up of one or more cells
however, archaebacteria and eubacteria are the
only kingdoms made up of ________ and have no
membrane-bound cell organelles
Prokaryotic cells
42
Unit two Vocabulary
  • Protist Chloroplast
  • Eukaryotes Vacuoles
  • Nucleus Lysosome
  • Cell Membrane Producer
  • Cell Wall Consumer
  • Ribosome Decomposer
  • Mitochondria Symbiosis
  • Golgi Body Parasitism
  • Mutualism Organelle
  • Lets start with just the definitions.

43
  • _______________- Any unicellular or multicellular
    organism that has a nucleus and other organelles
    within its cell.

Eukaryote
44
  • Eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus and
    membrane-bound __________ that have a specific
    function to carry out life.

Organelles
45
Decomposer
  • _________________- Any organism that obtains its
    energy by breaking down the remains of dead
    organisms and absorb their nutrients.

46
_______________- A eukaryote that is not an
animal, fungus, or plant.
  • Protist

47
Parasitism
  • _________________- symbiotic relationship in
    which one organism benefits while the other is
    harmed.

48
Nucleus
  • _______________- Organelle found in eukaryotic
    cells contains the cells DNA and serves as the
    control center of the cell.

49
Mutualism
  • __________________- symbiotic relationship in
    which both organisms benefit.

50
Symbiosis
  • __________________- close long term relationship
    between two or more organisms.

51
Producer
  • __________________- organisms that can make their
    own food.

52
  • ________________- A phospholipids bilayer that
    covers a cells surface and regulates what enters
    and exits the cell.

Cell Membrane
53
  • ______________- structure that surrounds the cell
    membrane of some cells and provides strength and
    support to the cell membrane.

Cell Wall
54
  • _____________________ - Small organelle in cells
    that make proteins.

Proteins
55
  • ___________________- Cell organelle that breaks
    down sugars to supply the cell with energy in the
    form of ATP.

Mitochondria
56
  • __________________-organelle found in plant and
    protist cells where photosynthesis occurs.

Chloroplast
57
  • __________________- organism that eats producers
    or other organisms for energy.

Consumer
58
  • _______________- Organelle that serves as a
    storage place for food and water within a cell.

Vacuole
59
  • ____________- organelle that modifies, packages,
    and transports materials out of the cell.

Golgi body
60
Lets shorten up these definitions Give the
vocabulary term using these key words.
61
Control Center
  • Nucleus

62
Organism with Nucleus
  • Eukaryote

63
Eukaryotic cells, specialized functions
  • Organelles

64
Organelle, stores water
  • Vacuole

65
Photosynthesis, organelle
  • chloroplast

66
Both organisms Benefit
  • Mutualism

67
Organelle, release energy
  • Mitochondria

68
Strength and Support
  • Cell Wall

69
Organism, makes own food
  • Producer

70
Controls entering and exiting cell
  • Cell Membrane

71
Breaks down dead
  • Decomposer

72
Eats producers and others
  • Consumers

73
Eukaryote, not animal,plant, fungus
  • Protist

74
1 Benefits and 1 harmed
  • Parasitism

75
Long-term relationship
  • Symbiosis

76
Makes Proteins
  • Ribosomes

77
Using the picture shown. Identify the vocabulary
term it describes
78
Mutualism
79
Parasistism
80
Decomposer
81
Chloroplast
82
Mitochondria
83
All arrows pointing to
Organelles
84
What is A pointing to?
Vacuole
A
85
What is B pointing to?
Golgi Body
B
86
What is C pointing to?
Cell Wall
C
87
What is D pointing to?
Cell Membrane
D
88
What is E pointing to?
Ribosome
E
89
What is F pointing to?
Mitochondria
F
90
What is G pointing to?
Chloroplast
G
91
Unit Three Vocabulary Words
  • Parasitism
  • Homologous Chromosomes
  • Diffusion
  • Fermentation
  • Symbiosis
  • Osmosis
  • Endocytosis
  • Exocytosis
  • Fungi
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Photosynthesis
  • Chromosome
  • Host
  • Mitosis
  • Decomposer
  • Binary Fission
  • Lets start with the definitions!!!!

92
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism
benefits white the other is harmed
  • Parasitism

93
Chromosomes with matching information
  • Homologous chromosomes

94
The diffusion of water molecules across the cell
membrane
  • Osmosis

95
The breakdown of sugar to make ATP in the absence
of oxygen
  • fermentation

96
A close long term relationship between two or
more organisms
  • symbiosis

97
The movement of particles from an area where
their concentration is high to an area where
their concentration is low
  • diffusion

98
_______________- a kingdom of complex organisms
that obtain food by breaking down other
substances in their surroundings and absorbing
the nutrients.
Fungi
99
___________division of the nucleus in eukaryotic
cells in which each cell receives a copy of the
original chromosomes
Mitosis
100
_________________- an organism on which a
parasite lives.
Host
101
________________- the process in the mitochondria
that produces ATP in the cell from oxygen and
glucose releases carbon dioxide and water
Cellular Respiration
102
_________________- the process by which plants
capture light energy from the sun and convert it
into sugar
Photosynthesis
103
_________________- a coiled structure of DNA and
protein that forms in the cell nucleus during
cell division
Chromosome
104
________ type of active transport in which large
particles are removed from the cell.
Exocytosis
105
_______________- Type of asexual reproduction in
which a unicellular organism undergoes cell
division to make genetically identical
unicellular offspring.
Binary Fission
106
________ type of active transport in which large
particles enter the cell.
Endocytosis
107
__________Organisms that break down the remains
of dead organisms and absorb the nutrients into
their cells.
Decomposers
108
Lets break down these definitions.
109
Matching Chromosomes
  • Homologous Chromosomes

110
Release Energy Without Oxygen
  • Fermentation

111
Long-term relationship
  • Symbiosis

112
One harmed- One benefits
  • Parasitism

113
Diffusion of Water
  • Osmosis

114
Movement High to Low
  • Diffusion

115
Enter the cell
  • Endocytosis

116
Organism harmed
  • Host

117
Division of Nucleus
  • Mitosis

118
Coiled DNA
  • Chromosome

119
Asexual Reproduction, Bacteria
  • Binary Fission

120
Sunlight process
  • Photosynthesis

121
Process in mitochondria
  • Cellular Respiration

122
Breaks down remains
  • Decomposer

123
Which word defines the picture best?
124
Chromosome

125
Parasitism
126
Endocytosis
127
Photosynthesis
128
Fermentation
129
Host
130
Mitosis
131
Diffusion
132
Binary Fission
133
Which of the following reproduces by binary
fission
  • A) dog
  • B) Mosses
  • C) Mushrooms
  • D) E-coli

134
Which of the following is a form of active
transport?
  1. Osmosis
  2. Diffusion
  3. Endocytosis
  4. All of these use energy

135
Which of the following is a decomposer?
  1. Mold
  2. Moss
  3. Ants
  4. Vulture

136
Where does cellular respiration take place in the
cell?
  1. Chloroplast
  2. Mitochondria
  3. Cytoplasm
  4. Nucleus

137
The chloroplast is responsible for what process?
  1. Photosynthesis
  2. Cellular respiration
  3. Fermentation
  4. Endocytosis

138
Which of the following organelles work together
to provide the cell with food and energy?
  • A) ribosome and nucleus
  • B) mitochondria and chloroplast
  • C) Mitochondria and Ribosome
  • D) Chloroplast and Endoplasmic Reticulum

139
Which of the following is important in recycling
nutrients back into the soil?
  • Plants
  • Fungi
  • Algae
  • Animals

140
Which of the following is the result of mitosis
  1. 4 identical haploid cells
  2. 2 identical nuclei
  3. Offspring with genetically identical DNA
  4. Homologous Chromosomes

141
Unit 4 Vocabulary
  • Plants Genes
  • DNA Genotype
  • Meiosis Phenotype
  • Heterozygous Homozygous
  • Chromosome heredity
  • Mitosis Alleles
  • Cell Wall Photosynthesis
  • Punnett Square Binnary Fission Cellular
    Respiration

142
Asexual reproduction Simple cell division in
which one cell splits into 2
  • Binary Fission

143
The process by which a plant takes in carbon
dioxide, water, and sunlight to produce glucose
and oxygen
  • Photosynthesis

144
A tool scientist use to predict all of the
possible combinations of alleles that offspring
can inherit.
  • Punnett Square

145
The process of producing ATP in the cell from
oxygen and glucose produces carbon dioxide and
water
  • Cellular respiration

146
Structure that surrounds the cell of plant cells
and provides strength and support
  • Cell Wall

147
______- Different forms of the same gene.
Alleles
148
The division of the nucleus in which each new
cell receives a copy of the original
chromosomes _________________
MITOSIS
149
________________- Located on the chromosome and
codes for a specific trait.
Genes
150
________________- Kingdom of multicellular
organisms that use photosynthesis to obtain their
energy.
Plants
151
   ________________- Cellular division that
results in 4 haploid sex cells.
Meiosis
152
________________- Genotype in which two identical
alleles are present. (BB)
Homozygous
153
________________- An organisms physical
appearance or visible trait. (Ex Blue eyes)
Phenotype
154
________________- Genotype in which two different
alleles are present. (Bb)
Heterozygous
155
________________- An organisms genetic make-up,
or the combination of alleles for a particular
trait.
Genotype
156
________________- Genetic material found in all
living organisms that acts as the blue print of
life.
DNA
157
____________-The passing of traits from parent to
offspring
Heredity
158
Lets shorten them up!
159
Different alleles
  • Heterozygous

160
Pass traits
  • Heredity

161
______- Different forms of the same gene.
Alleles
162
Division of nucleus
  • Mitosis

163
Same alleles
  • Homozygous

164
Makes sex cells
  • Meiosis

165
Organisms Genetic make-up
  • Genotype

166
Genetic material
  • DNA

167
Physical Traits
  • Phenotype

168
Located on chromosome
  • Genes

169
Kingdom of autotrophs
  • Plants

170
Process/ sunlight/ chloroplast
  • Photosynthesis

171
Tool, predict, offspring
  • Punnett Square

172
Asexual/ cell division
  • Binary Fission

173
Process/ mitochondria
  • Cellular respiration

174
Identify the term that describes each picture
175
B b
B allele
Heterozygous
b allele
176
Phenotype
177
b allele
b allele
b b
Homozygous
178
photosynthesis
179
Cellular Respiration
O
O
O
180
Mitosis
181
Kingdom Plantae
182
Punnett Square
183
Meiosis
184
Unit 5 Vocabulary
  • Invertebrate
  • Learned Behavior
  • Adaptation
  • Endoskeleton
  • Bilateral Symetry
  • Radial Symmetry
  • Selective Breeding
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Mutation
  • Vertebrate
  • Metamorphosis
  • Innate Behavior
  • Exothermic
  • Natural Selection
  • Homeostasis
  • Evolution

185
Give the word that matches each definition
186
Animals with no backbone
  • Invertebrate

187
A behavior that is learned, like riding a bike
  • Learned Behavior

188
A characteristic that helps an organism survive
in its environment
  • Adaptation

189
An internal skeleton (inside)
  • Endoskeleton

190
The maintenance of a stable internal environment
  • Homeostasis

191
The process by which organisms with favorable
traits survive and reproduce at a higher rate
  • Natural Selection

192
Cold blooded, the outside temperature regulates
these animals body temperature
  • Exothermic

193
A behavior that is influenced by genes
  • Innate Behavior

194
The process by which an animal changes forms as
it develops from an embryo/ larva to an adult
  • Metamorphosis

195
A body plan in which the two halves are mirror
images
  • Bilateral Symmetry

196
A body plan with no symmetry
  • Asymmetrical

197
Animals with a skull and backbone
  • Vertebrate

198
A change in the order of the bases in an
organisms DNA
  • Mutation

199
Warm Blooded, An animal that is able to regulate
its body temperature regardless of the outside
temperature.
  • Endothermic

200
The process by which populations inherit Changes
over Time.
  • Evolution

201
Kingdom of complex, multicellular, eukaryotic,
heterotrophic organisms
  • Animal Kingdom

202
Breeding of organisms that have a certain
desirable trait.
  • Selective Breeding

203
Unit 5 Vocabulary
  • Invertebrate
  • Learned Behavior
  • Adaptation
  • Endoskeleton
  • Bilateral Symetry
  • Radial Symmetry
  • Selective Breeding
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Mutation
  • Vertebrate
  • Metamorphosis
  • Innate Behavior
  • Exothermic
  • Natural Selection
  • Homeostasis
  • Evolution

204
Now choose the best word that is described by
these key words.
205
No Backbone
  • Invertebrate

206
changes form larva to adult
  • Metamorphosis

207
Behavior that is learned
  • Learned Behavior

208
Stable internal environment
  • Homeostasis

209
Favorable traits survive
  • Natural Selection

210
Change over time
  • Evolution

211
Behavior inherited
  • Innate Behavior

212
Warm blooded
  • Endothermic

213
Cold blooded
  • Exothermic

214
Change in DNA
  • Mutation

215
No symmetry
  • Asymmetric

216
Breeding desirable traits
  • Selective Breeding

217
Two halves
  • Bilateral Symetry

218
Characteristic helps to survive
  • Adaptation

219
Internal Skeleton
  • Endoskeleton

220
Body Plan arranged in circle
  • Radial Symmetry

221
Multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms
  • Animal Kingdom

222
Has a backbone
  • Vertebrate

223
Inside Skeleton
  • Endoskeleton

224
Vocabulary Unit 6
  • Adaptation
  • Generation Time
  • Biotic
  • Abiotic
  • Food Chain
  • Food Web
  • Mutualism
  • Commensalism
  • Parasitism
  • Scavenger
  • Omnivore
  • Extinct
  • Speciation
  • Population
  • Carrying Capacity
  • Habitat
  • Natural Selection
  • Niche
  • Herbivore
  • Biome

225
Biome
  • An area of the earth that can be described by the
    climate and living organisms that live there.

226
Generation Time
  • The period between birth of one generation and
    the birth of the next

227
Abiotic
  • The nonliving factors in an environment

228
Food Web
  • A diagram that shows multiple pathways of energy
    flow within an ecosystem

229
Mutualism
  • A symbiotic relationship in which both species
    benefit from each other

230
Parasitism
  • A symbiotic relationship whereby one
    organism/species benefits from the relationship
    and the other organism is harmed

231
Carnivore
  • A consumer that eats other consumers or animals

232
Extinct
  • No more living members of the species still alive

233
Population
  • A group of the same species that interbreed and
    live together in one area

234
Habitat
  • The environment in which an organism lives

235
Niche
  • The role that an organism plays in its environment

236
Adaptation
  • A characteristic that helps an organism survive
    in its environment

237
biotic
  • The living factors that affect an ecosystem

238
Food chain
  • A feeding relationship diagram that shows a
    single chain of energy exchange within an
    ecosystem

239
Commensalism
  • A symbiotic relationship in which one member
    benefits and the other is neither harmed nor
    benefits

240
Scavenger
  • An animal that feeds on dead animals

241
herbivore
  • A consumer that eats only producers like plants
    and algae

242
Omnivore
  • A consumer that eats producers and consumers

243
Speciation
  • The formation of new species

244
Carrying Capacity
  • The maximum number of organisms the environment
    can support due to environmental pressures such
    as competition and predation.

245
Natural Selection
  • Process by which organisms better fitted for
    their environment survive long enough to pass on
    those beneficial traits

246
Name the term that these key words define!
247
Speciation
  • New species

248
No more living
  • Extinct

249
Where organism lives
  • Habitat

250
Eats producers
  • Herbivore

251
Maximum number of organisms supported
  • Carrying Capacity

252
Eats consumers
  • Carnivore

253
Group of same species
  • Population

254
Single pathway of energy
  • Food chain

255
Living
  • Biotic

256
Eats producers and consumers
  • Omnivore

257
Both benefit
  • Mutualism

258
Feeds on Dead Animals
  • Scavengers

259
Multiple Pathways of Energy
  • Food Web

260
Characteristic of Survival
  • Adaptation

261
Role organism plays
  • Niche

262
One Benefits, One Harmed
  • Parasitism

263
Period between Births
  • Generation Time

264
Region described by climate and organisms
  • Biome

265
Nonliving
  • Abiotic

266
Benefit, dont care
  • Commensalism

267
Choose the term that the picture describes
268
Food Web
269
Food Chain
270
Commensalism
271
Mutualism
272
Carrying capacity
273
Speciation
274
Extinction
275
Carnivore
276
Scavenger
277
Generation Time
278
Parasitism
279
Biomes
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