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World War II

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World War II Building an Axis The Spanish Civil War Spanish Civil War (continued) New Weapons and Tactics The U.S. Declares War Germany Surrenders Mobilizing the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II


1
World War II
2
Versailles, June 1919
From left to right Prime Minister David Lloyd
George of Great Britain Prime Minister Vittorio
Orlando of Italy Prime Minister Georges
Clemenceau of France President Woodrow Wilson of
the United States
3
The Versailles Treaty
  • Land
  • Reparations
  • War guilt
  • League of Nations

4
The Versailles Treaty (continued)
  • German army reduced
  • Germany barred from having tanks, an air force,
    or submarines
  • Occupied DMZ west of the Rhineland

Map showing German territory lost and the
Rhineland DMZ
5
The League of Nations
Although President Wilson was the driving force
behind the creation of the League of Nations, the
United States did not join it.
6
Rise of the Nazis
  • Germanys economic woes
  • Political instability
  • Fascism
  • National Socialist German Workers Party

7
Adolf Hitler
8
The Nazis promoted a view of Germany as
surrounded by enemies and threatened on all sides
9
The Nazis Gain Power
Hitler sworn in as Chancellor, 1933
10
Japan
11
The Invasion of Manchuria and the Rape of
Nanking
12
Italy
Dictator Benito Mussolini addresses his followers
13
The Invasion of Ethiopia
Emperor Hailie Selassie of Ethiopia
14
Germany Rearms
German troops march back into the Rhineland, 1936
15
Building an Axis
Signing of Tripartite pact to form the Axis
Alliance
Hitler and Mussolini Rome-Berlin Axis
16
The Spanish Civil War
Generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Moré,
leaders of the coup
17
Spanish Civil War (continued)
Italian soldiers in Spain
18
New Weapons and Tactics
Hitler tests weapons in Spanish Civil War
19
The Destruction of Guernica

20
Germany Takes Austria
Nazi troops enter Austria
21
The Munich Conference
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
(left) and Hitler confer at the Munich Conference
A weeping Czech woman reluctantly salutes Nazi
soldiers as they march into the Sudetenland
22
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
23
German Advances, 1939
24
American Foreign Policy, 19321941
  • Isolationism
  • Neutrality Acts
  • FDR
  • Lend-Lease
  • The Atlantic Charter

Churchill and FDR at sea during the Atlantic
Charter talks
25
Germany Takes France
  • France surrenders, 1940
  • The French Resistance

A Frenchman weeps as German troops march into
Paris
26
The Battle of Britain
A London air raid shelter
27
The Battle of Britain (continued)
28
Germany Invades Russia

29
Japanese Aggression
General Hideki Tojo
Locations of Japanese forces in November 1941
30
Pearl Harbor
31
The U.S. Declares War
FDR signs the declaration of war against Japan
32
The Battle of Midway
The USS Yorktown receives a direct hit during the
battle of Midway
33
The Battle of Stalingrad
34
North Africa
35
Italy Surrenders
Allies enter Rome
36
The D-Day Invasion
U.S. troops wade ashore at Normandy
37
The Liberation of Paris
Paris, 1944
38
The Battle of the Bulge
An American soldier guards German troops captured
during the Battle of the Bulge
U.S. troops advance through the snow toward the
town of St. Vith, Belgium
39
The Firebombing of Dresden
40
Germany Surrenders
41
V-E Day
42
The Pacific War, 19441945
U.S. soldiers raise the American flag after
capturing Iwo Jima
43
Birth of the Atomic Bomb
Preparing the atomic bomb to be dropped on
Hiroshima
44
Hiroshima
45
Japan Surrenders
46
Total War
  • Concept of total war
  • Mobilizing the economy
  • Rationing
  • Women in the work force
  • Propaganda
  • Military tactics

Two old women stand amidst the ruins of an
almshouse in Berkshire, England
47
Mobilizing the Economy
A worker inspects 1000-pound bomb cases
48
Rationing and Victory Gardens
  • Gasoline, coffee, sugar, meat, other goods are
    rationed
  • Victory Gardens and other measures

49
Women in the Work Force

50
Propaganda
Journalists interview Tokyo Rose
51
Military Tactics
Family in the wreckage of their Liverpool home
Injured survivors of the Nagasaki blast
52
Civilian Deaths
53
The Holocaust
54
The Nuremberg Military Tribunal
55
The Yalta Conference
The Big Three at Yalta
56
The Potsdam Conference
Attlee, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam
57
Divisions within postwar Germany
58
U.S. Occupation of Japan
MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito
59
The Marshall Plan
  • Europes economy was in shambles after World War
    II
  • Marshall proposed aid to all European countries
    who needed it
  • Plan also worked to keep communism from spreading
    to western Europe

60
The United Nations
  • International peacekeeping organization
  • FDR was the principal architect of the UN
  • Goals
  • Successes and failures

61
The Postwar World Order
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