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Political Geography

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Political Geography Why do you think European nation-states have put aside their centuries-old rivalries? Political Geography: The study of how people have organized ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Geography


1
Political Geography
2
  • Why do you think European nation-states have put
    aside their centuries-old rivalries?

3
  • Political Geography
  • The study of how people have organized Earths
    land surface into countries and alliances,
    reasons underlying the observed arrangements, and
    the conflicts that result from the organization.

4
  • You should be able to explain, analyze and
    provide examples of the following for Key issue
    1
  • Territorial dimensions of politics
  • a. The concept of territoriality
  • b. The nature and meaning of boundaries
  • c. Influences of boundaries on identity,
    interaction and exchange

5
  • 2. Evolution of the contemporary political
    pattern
  • a. Territorial assumptions underlying the
    nation-state ideal.
  • b. Colonialism and imperialism
  • c. Internal political boundaries and arrangements

6
  • 3. Challenges to the inherited political-territori
    al arrangements
  • a. Changing nature of sovereignty
  • b. Fragmentation, unification and alliance
  • c. Spatial relationships between political
    patterns and patterns of ethnicity, economy, and
    environment.

7
Key issue 1 Where are states located?
  1. Define state and give its synonym
  2. What is the only large landmass that is not part
    of a state? Explain its status
  3. Describe where Korea is located and explain the
    situation in Korea

8
  • STATE CONCEPT
  • -A state is an area organized into a political
    unit and ruled by an established government that
    has control over its internal and foreign
    affairs.
  • The term country is a synonym for state.
  • EXThe 50 states of the U.S. are subdivisions
    within a single state The United States of
    America

9
  • Antarctica
  • -Antarctica is the only large landmass on Earths
    surface that is not part of a state.
  • -Several statesclaim portions of Antarctica (the
    U.S., Russia, and other states do not recognize
    the claims of any country to Antarctica.

10
  • Antarctica
  • -The Treaty of Antarctica, signed in 1959 renewed
    in 1991, provides a legal framework for managing
    Antarctica.
  • -Know the legal framework (evidence from the
    text)

11
  • Korea
  • -A colony of Japan for many years, Korea was
    divided into two occupation zones by the United
    States and former Soviet Union after they
    defeated Japan in WWII.
  • -North Korea and South Korea became separate
    governments in the 1940s and North Korea invaded
    South Korea in 1950, starting a 3 year war.

12
  • Korea
  • -In 1992 North Korea and South Korea were
    admitted to the United Nations as separate
    countries.

13
  • CHINA AND TAIWAN
  • -List anything you have on you or that you can
    think might be labeled Made in Taiwan
  • -List anything you have on you or that you can
    think might be labeled Made in China

14
CHINA AND TAIWAN
  • 4. Describe the dispute over Taiwan. Find it on
    a map and outline in bullet form the situation
    since 1949. What is the U.S. position?

15
CHINA AND TAIWAN
  • -According to Chinas government officials,
    Taiwan is not a separate sovereign state but is
    part of China.
  • -Until 1999 the government of Taiwan agreed.
  • -The confusing situation arose from a civil war.
    After losing, nationalist leaders in 1949 fled to
    the island of Taiwan.

16
CHINA AND TAIWAN
  • -Most other governments in the world consider
    China and Taiwan as two separate and sovereign
    states.
  • -In 1999 Taiwan also regarded itself as a
    sovereign independent state.
  • -U.S. supported the Nationalists as official
    government of China until 1971.

17
  • Article Question
  • Explain the conflicts involving business
    relationships between China and Taiwan.
  • (Use evidence from the text to support your
    answer)

18
Western Sahara(Sahrawi Republic)
  • 5. Can the desert sustain life? Ask any resident
    of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic! Or
    perhaps you should ask a Moroccan. Why?? Whats
    the problem with the Western Sahara??

19
Western Sahara(Sahrawi Republic)
  • -The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is
    considered by most African countries as a
    sovereign state.
  • -Morocco, however, controls the territory, which
    it calls Western Sahara.

20
Western Sahara(Sahrawi Republic)
  • -The United Nations is sponsoring a referendum
    for the residents of Western Sahara to decided
    whether they want independence or want to
    continue to be part of Morocco.

21
Development of the State Concept
  • -The concept of dividing the world into a
    collection of independent states is recent.
    Prior to the 1800s, Earths surface was organized
    in other ways, such as city-states, empires, and
    tribes.
  • -Much of the Earths surface consisted of
    unorganized territory.

22
Development of the State Concept
  • -Ancient, Medieval, and Early European States.
  • -Colonies, Colonialism, and Colonial Practices

23
  • When referring to European nations occupying
    areas around the world, taking over the
    governments and often brutally suppressing any
    resistance, why do you think the word
    "colonialism" is used instead of "invasion?"
    Explain and elaborate.

24
  • Give 2 examples that illustrate the problems of
    defining states. Use text evidence to support
    your response.
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