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Academic Format

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Title: Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy Author: Preferred User Last modified by: Student Created Date: 10/23/2004 7:16:58 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Academic Format


1
Academic Format
  • First and Last Name
  • Mrs. Ryan
  • English I Pre-AP - 1 (1 is the period)
  • 14 September 2010 (notice no punctuation /
    abbreviations)
  • Double Spaced (even your heading)
  • One Inch Margins (have to go in and change
    manually FILE PAGE SETUP)
  • Last name and page number on top right 1/2 inch
    from the top.
  • No extra space between paragraphs (just begin a
    new line)
  • Left Justified Dont center your lines or
    stretch them out!
  • Times New Roman 12 pt font (including title!)

2
(No Transcript)
3
Long Works/Short Works
  • Italics if the work is long (novels, plays, epic
    poems, albums, movie titles)
  • Quotes if the work is short (poems, short
    stories, essays, song titles)
  • A Long Way Gone ?
  • A Long Way Gone (or underline if you are
    handwriting, A Long Way Gone) ?
  • The Lady or the Tiger ?
  • The Lady or the Tiger ?

4
Academic Language
  • No You EVER!!!!!! (Unless its in a quote)
  • No first person EVER (Unless its in a quote)
  • I think We learn The story teaches
    us
  • Remove these phrases from your writing!
  • No contractions, slang, casual conversational
    language
  • Always refer to the action of the story in
    present tense (When Finny falls out of the tree,
    When Gene abandons Leper in the snow)

5
The Prompt
  • Before writing anything, know your assignment
    READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do?

Response-to-Literature Writing writing that
discusses what is of value in a work of
literature.
Literary Response requires a careful, critical
look at the reading.
6
What is my Prompt?
  • In a well developed, 5 paragraph essay, identify
    the character, describe how he or she is affected
    by a single act or mistake, and explain how the
    characters experience relates to the work as a
    whole.
  • So, what should you focus on in your essay?
  • Brainstorm What single act do you plan to focus
    on?

7
Intro Paragraph
  • At least three mature sentences
  • Introduces the text and the author
  • Creates interest (the hook)
  • Ends with a thesis statement (controlling idea of
    the paper)

Your papers ideas ?
The reader ?
8
Introductory Hooks
  • Draws in the reader
  • Tone should match the essay (serious, humorous,
    etc.)
  • Introduces the text you will be talking about
  • Possibility Start with a quote from the book or
    an outside source that relates to the chosen
    theme
  • Another example A Separate Peace by John Knowles
    is not a novel about World War II as much as it
    is a novel about the internal war of Gene
    Forrester, the books narrator and central
    character.

9
Thesis Statements (yay!)
  • Definition
  • A single declarative sentence that expresses what
    you want your readers to understand the
    controlling idea of your essay and road map for
    your paper
  • Directly answers the prompt
  • Makes a claim that others could refute
  • Last sentence of your introduction (for now)

10
Thesis Statement Examples
  • A theme from A Separate Peace is revenge.
  • I think the book is about the side effects of
    war.
  • One of the themes of A Separate Peace is
    jealousys capability to destroy friendships.
  • John Knowles stresses the importance of identity
    in his novel and encourages the reader to be his
    or her own person.

11
Whats Your Thesis?
12
Finding Evidence
  • Quotes should be only one sentence. We will be
    trimming them down even further later. Dont
    forget to write down the page !

What scenes prove your theme? What is a powerful
sentence from that scene?
13
Blending Quotes
  • Choose only a portion of the quote and blend it
    in with your own analysis.
  • Dont include tons of summary or set-up. Your
    audience (me!) knows the plot already.
  • When Gene states that he was to become part of
    Phineas, the lines between the two boys, at
    least from Genes perspective are becoming more
    and more blurred (Knowles 120).

14
Internal Documentation
  • Changing a word in the quote to fit the context
    of your sentence requires brackets. The
    sentences meaning should not change.
  • Documenting internally Always at the end of the
    sentence, not right after the actual quote.
  • Commentary quote quote (Author last name page
    ).
  • Commentary quote commentary (authors last name
    page number).

15
Step 1 TOPIC SENTENCE
  • A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a
    hamburger.
  • TS first sentence of the paragraph.
  • It shows the main idea.
  • Usually a mildly controversial
  • statement--something that you have to
  • prove.

16
Example Topic Sentence (TS)
  • In the fairy tale The Three
  • Little Pigs, the third pig is
  • very wise.

17
Step 2 CONCRETE DETAILS
  • Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the
    hamburger.
  • CDs Support for your TS. (facts, quotes,
    examples, etc. from text)
  • CDs cant be argued witha CD is evidence that
    supports your point!

18
Example Concrete Detail (CD)
2) For example, remembering his mothers warning
about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy
brick. (Summary)
19
Step 3 COMMENTARY
  • Commentary Sentences (CM) are the extras on the
    hamburgerthe tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayothey
    make it delicious!
  • CMs your analysis, interpretation,
    explanation, or insight into the text.

20
Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs)
3) Because the wolf is unable to blow down the
house, the reader is able to see that the third
pig made the right choice. The third pig is
smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by
the wolf.
21
Step 4 CONCLUDING SENTENCE
  • A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of
    the hamburger.
  • A CS wraps up the paragraph.
  • It rephrases the main idea.

22
Example Concluding Sentence (CS)
  • In conclusion, the third
  • pig outsmarts not only his
  • brothers but the big, bad
  • wolf as well.

23
TS, CD, CM, CSNow What?
  • CHUNKING

A combination of CDs and CMs is called a chunk.
For a literary response, we will use a
combination (or ratio) of 12. That is, for
every 1 CD, you will have 2 CMs.
24
One Chunk 1 CD 2 CM
For example, remembering his mothers warning
about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy
brick. Because the wolf is unable to blow down
the house, the reader is able to see that the
third pig made the right choice. The third pig
is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten
by the wolf.
Ratio 12
25
Transitions
  • A good paragraph will also use transition words.
    These are words or phrases that help readers
    connect your ideas.
  • Example transitions

In summary,
For example,
Thus,
Hence,
For instance,
Because of this,
Therefore,
Consequently,
As a result,
26
Does It Flow?
Reread the paragraph to yourself (out loud is
best!) Does it make sense? Does it sound right?
27
Step 6 A Whole Paragraph
In the fairy tale The Three Little Pigs, the
third pig is very wise. For example, remembering
his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his
house out of sturdy brick. Because the wolf is
unable to blow down the house, the reader is able
to see that the third pig made the right choice.
The third pig is smarter than his brothers, who
were both eaten by the wolf. In conclusion, the
third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the
big, bad wolf as well.
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