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ACCOMMODATIONS

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ACCOMMODATIONS Lake County Schools Paula Wicker, Testing Manager Tonya Mass, Testing Specialist * – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ACCOMMODATIONS


1
  • ACCOMMODATIONS

Lake County Schools Paula Wicker, Testing
Manager Tonya Mass, Testing Specialist
2
Determination of appropriate accommodations in
assessment situations for students with
disabilities shall be based on the individual
needs of each student. Decisions on
accommodations shall be made by the IEP or
Section 504 plan team and recorded on the IEP or
Section 504 plan.
Accommodations Decisions
3
What Students May Get Accommodations?
  • ESE Students
  • must be noted on Current IEP
  • 504 Students
  • must be noted on Current 504 plan
  • ELL Students
  • must have Current LEP Plan

4
Students with disabilities should be oriented to
any test situation through test-taking
instruction designed to familiarize them with
testing format and procedures. This orientation
should take place near the time of testing.
Accommodations Orientation
5
Students with disabilities must be provided the
opportunity to participate in practice activities
with appropriate allowable accommodations.
Accommodations Orientation (cont.)
Suggestion Orient the student using the DOE
practice tests
6
Temporary 504 Plan
  • A temporary Sect. 504 plan may be implemented
    if a student requires accommodations that may not
    be provided without such documentation.
  • i.e., flexible responding for student with
    broken arm that results in an inability to write

7
Student Not Enrolled in Public Schools
  • May have accommodations if the following is
    provided
  • Evidence that the student has been found eligible
    as a student with a disability under IDEA or
    Section 504
  • Documentation that the requested accommodations
    are regularly used for instruction.

8
ACCOMMODATIONS
  • Should facilitate an accurate demonstration of
    what the student knows and can do
  • Should not provide student with an unfair
    advantage or interfere with the validity of test
    must not change the underlying skills being
    measured by the test

9
ACCOMMODATIONS
  • Must be the same or nearly the same as
    adaptations used in completing classroom
    instruction and assessment activities
  • Must be necessary for enabling student to
    demonstrate knowledge, ability, skill, or mastery

10
ESE and 504 Accommodations
11
ALLOWABLE ACCOMMODATIONS
  • Presentation
  • Responding
  • Scheduling Timing
  • Setting
  • Assistive Devices

12
PRESENTATION
13
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSPRESENTATION
  • Magnification devices
  • Large Print
  • Braille
  • Straight edge-Method to provide visual
  • attention to item
  • Copy of directions
  • Masking portions of test
  • Colored transparencies/overlays
  • Positioning tools, reading stand
  • Test secured to work area

14
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSPRESENTATION
  • Highlight key words, phrases in directions,
    questions, passages (must transcribe if answer
    docs)
  • Signed or Oral Presentation of test questions and
    answer choices as many times as requested (Never
    for Reading Passages on ELA Tests)
  • Signed or Oral Presentation of Test Directions
    Sign, Read, Repeat, Summarize, Simplify, Student
    Restate

15
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSPRESENTATION
  • Verbal encouragement (no cues for
    correct/incorrect)
  • Use of white noise

16
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSPRESENTATION
  • WRITING TEST TA may sign or orally present the
    writing topic (prompt) and Items
  • MATH, SCIENCE ELA TA may sign or read all
    questions answer choices. Questions may not be
    reworded, summarized, or simplified.
  • Reading Passage can NEVER be read or signed to
    students

17
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSPRESENTATIONUnique
Accommodations
  • (Must have been requested by TC and approved by
    DOE)
  • Large Print Paper Test for a Computer Test

18
RESPONDING
19
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSRESPONDING
  • Writing in the Test Book-must then be transcribed
  • Writing on separate paper- then transcribed
  • Signing responses to interpreter
  • Brailling answers on separate paper
  • Verbally providing the answers or
    dictating answers to proctor

20
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSRESPONDING
  • Using speech-to-text technology to answer
  • Using computer switch/computer/alternative
    keyboard to indicate answers
  • Using pointing device or other communication
    device to indicate answers
  • Dictating responses to recorder-must be
    transcribed and response erased/destroyed from
    recorder
  • Using special paperraised line, shaded line,
    color-codedfor short/long response (then
    transcribed)

21
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSRESPONDING
  • Use of math grids/guides
  • Use of writing guides
  • TA checking periodically to insure marking in
    correct spaces
  • Use of abacus (VI students only)

22
If a student disability prevents him or her from
writing small enough to respond in the answer
document, the written response must be
transcribed into the students answer document by
the appropriate personnel.
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSTranscribing
23
When Transcribing Responses
  • The responses must be transcribed by appropriate
    school personnel.
  • Students must be told the amount of space in
    which the response must be transcribed.
  • Student responses must not be edited or changed
    in any way when transcribed.
  • In the event that a student provides a typed
    response in a native language, the response must
    be transcribed exactly as written by the student.
    The transcriber must not translate the response.
  • A transcribed response must fit in the answer
    space provided in a regular print answer document
    and may not continue on to additional pages.

24
Large Print and Braille Response Booklets
  • For LP and Braille- the response will be
    transcribed by the contractor. The braille or
    large print answer documents containing the
    original student work must be returned.

25

If a student is providing oral responses or
signed responses
  • student must be told the amount of space allowed
  • responses must be recorded by the appropriate
    school personnel in the space provided
  • responses must be made without any edits,
    changes, or corrections to the students
    responses
  • if a student gives an oral or signed response,
    the test administrator must ask the student to
    indicate punctuation and the spelling of words
    that the test administrator is not completely
    certain that the child can spell (i.e., words not
    on the Dolch word list for the grade level
    tested)
  • student may review the written material and
    direct the test administrator on editing

26
When Using Computer or Other Device to Respond
  • All copies must be erased or destroyed after the
    responses have been transcribed into the
    students answer document by school/district
    personnel.
  • Devices designed to check grammar or spelling
    must not be used.

27
SCHEDULING
28
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSSCHEDULING
  • Several brief sessions w/ frequent
    breaks-Writing Test should be 1 day- Additional
    time on any session
  • Specific time of day for specific sessions

A student must complete testing in one session
before continuing to the next session. At no time
is it appropriate to instruct a student to move
on to a new session before completing the current
session
29
SETTING
30
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSSETTING
  • Individual or small group administration
  • Use of adaptive or special furniture
  • Use of special lighting or acoustics
  • Increase or decrease opportunity for movement
  • Reduce stimulilimit number of items on desk
  • Administer test in familiar setting or with
    familiar person

31
ASSISTIVE DEVICES
32
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSASSISTIVE DEVICES
  • Use of visual magnification and auditory
    amplification
  • Manipulative materials, including, but not
    limited to, counters, base-10 blocks, clock
    faces, or geometric shapes must not be used by
    any student during the administration of the FSA
    Math. Real coins may be used.
  • For students with visual impairments, an abacus
    and products such as the Graphic Aid for
    Mathematics and Math Window may be used.
  • no grammar or spelling checking apps no speech
    output programs for reading
  • Students who use sign language as their primary
    means of communication may use an English/sign or
    sign/English translation dictionary. The
    dictionary must be similar to one used in the
    instructional setting and may not contain
    definitions of words. The dictionary may contain
    the sign picture, the word, synonyms, and an
    index.

33
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSASSISTIVE DEVICES
Examples
  • color transparencies or overlays reading stand
  • reading guide page tabs highlighter tape
    alternative
  • keyboard digital voice or tape recorder
  • raised line, shaded line, and color-coded paper
  • talking calculator
  • math grids
  • adapted grip ruler
  • writing guides or templates
  • visual magnifier

34
ESE 504 ACCOMMODATIONSASSISTIVE DEVICES Math
Devices
  • On FSA Math-For Grades 3 through 6, a calculator
    may not be used even as an accommodation for
    students with disabilities.
  • For FCAT 2.0 science test, calculators are
    allowed for students in Grades 8 only. Note that
    an abacus, the Graphic Aid for Mathematics, Math
    Window, and a geoboard may be used at all grade
    levels for students with visual impairments.

35
English Language Learners (ELLs)Accommodations
36
ELL ACCOMMODATIONS
  • ELL Parent (or adult student) must be informed
    and given choice to select preferred method
  • Flexible SettingSeparate room with ESOL teacher
  • Flexible SchedulingSeparate room with ESOL
    teacher/Several brief periods within same day
  • Additional TimeAdditional time within same day
  • Assistance w/ Heritage LanguageFor Math
    Science, limited assistance by language teacher

37
Approved Dictionary
  • ELLs must have access to an English-to-heritage
    language translation dictionary and/or heritage
    language-to-English translation dictionary, such
    as those made available to ELLs in an
    instructional setting. However, a dictionary
    providing definitions written exclusively in the
    heritage language or in English may not be used.
    Use of electronic dictionaries is strictly
    prohibited and may be cause for invalidation.

38
To Keep in Mind if Giving Assistance in Heritage
Language
  • For the mathematics and science tests and the
    prompt of the writing test, ELLs may be provided
    limited assistance by an ESOL or heritage
    language teacher using the students heritage
    language.
  • The teacher may answer specific questions about a
    word or phrase that is confusing the student
    because of limited English proficiency, but is
    prohibited from giving assistance that will help
    the student solve mathematics problems and answer
    science test items.
  • A students questions must not be answered in a
    way that would lead the student to infer the
    correct answer to an item.
  • The teacher may answer specific inquiries
    concerning a word or phrase in a writing
    assessment prompt that is confusing the student
    because of limited English proficiency.

39
To Keep in Mind if Giving Assistance in Heritage
Language
  • In no case shall assistance be given to the
    student in responding to the writing assessment
    prompt.
  • The teacher is prohibited from reading the entire
    prompt to the student.
  • If the test is administered to a group of
    students, the teacher may answer questions about
    directions for the benefit of the group
    questions of clarification from individual
    students must be answered on an individual basis
    without disturbing other students.
  • For the reading test, the ESOL or heritage
    language teacher may answer student questions
    about the general test directions in such a way
    that would not lead the student to infer the
    correct answer to any of the items.

40
To Keep in Mind if Giving Assistance in Heritage
Language
  • The teacher is prohibited from reading words to
    the student from the passages and from answering
    student questions about the passages.
  • In addition to the language above, the ESOL or
    heritage language teacher may answer student
    questions about the general test directions in
    their heritage language.
  • All student responses must be written in English.
    Responses in languages other than English will
    not be scored.

41
Documentation and Responsibilities
42
Documenting Test Accommodations
  • Accommodations provided for each test session
    must be gridded on the student grid sheet. More
    than one category may be indicated for a student.
    Each category should be gridded only if the
    student used an allowable accommodation.

43
For Computerized Testing
  • The accommodated CBT forms are available as
    single or combined forms as follows
  • Large Print
  • Zoom
  • Color Contrast
  • Screen Reader
  • Large Print Color Contrast
  • Large Print Screen Reader
  • Large Print Color Contrast Screen Reader
  • Zoom Color Contrast
  • Zoom Screen Reader
  • Zoom Color Contrast Screen Reader
  • Color Contrast Screen Reader
  • Assistive Devices

See CBT Accommodated ePATs Guide for more
information. Located at http//www.pearsonaccess.
com/cs/Satellite?cPagechildpagenameFlorida2Ffl
PALPLayoutcid1205461226846pagenameflPALPWrappe
r
44
Paper Tests in Lieu of Computerized Test
  • Hospital Homebound
  • Cannot physically access the computer
  • Tests multiple days in one session (Rare).

45
For Computerized Testing
  • Reading Passage Booklets for all Reading Tests
    may be used as an accommodation (must be recorded
    on IEP/504)
  • School Test Coordinator must order Reading
    Passage Booklets from Testing Department (email
    wickerp_at_lake.k12.fl.us)

46
You Must
  • Conduct an OFFICIAL Training for all Test
    Administrators Proctors
  • Include Accommodation Training for any TA who
    will have accommodated students for testing
  • Have an agenda for training have sign in sheet
    with date of training
  • Fill out and have signed by all parties, Access
    to Aides, Services Accommodations Verification
    Form
  • Have Accommodations Student List with Teacher
    Signatures (Excel Sheet)

47
(No Transcript)
48
Required Documents
  • Access to Aides, Services Accommodations
    Verification Form (signed by all parties listed
    one time a year)
  • Accommodations Student List with Teacher
    Signatures for all EOCs, FSA, FCAT
    administrations. Must be returned in the
    Required Documents Folder for ALL
    administrations.(Excel Sheet on TC page)
  • Sign in Sheet from Training. Must be retuned in
    the Required Documents Folder for ALL
    administrations.

49
Questions?
  • For IEP Development/Form type questions, contact
    your ESE Specialist
  • For 504 Temp 504 Development/Form type
    questions contact Student Services at 742-6920.
  • For general accommodations coordination ELL
    questions, contact Paula Wicker-
    wickerp_at_lake.k12.fl.us
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