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Entrepreneurship in research education - Future needs

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Entrepreneurship in research education - Future needs Kristian E. Stubkjaer stubkjaer_at_adm.dtu.dk Uddrag af ph.d. bekendtg relsen 1. Ph.d.-uddannelsen er en ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Entrepreneurship in research education - Future needs


1
Entrepreneurship in research education - Future
needs
Kristian E. Stubkjaer stubkjaer_at_adm.dtu.dk
2
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
  • Founded in 1829
  • The famous Danish scientist H.C. Ørsted was the
    first Rector
  • In 2001, the Technical University of Denmark
    achieved autonomy
  • In 2004 the science and industry park SCION was
    incorporated into DTU

On 1 January 2007, DTU merged with Risø National
Laboratory, the Danish Institute for Food and
Veterinary Research, the Danish Institute for
Fisheries Research, the Danish National Space
Center, and the Danish Transport Research
Institute. The new Technical University of
Denmark is a broadly founded, business-oriented
technological university where research goes hand
in hand with education, innovation and advisory
functions for government authorities.
3
Facts and Figures 2007
Students 7000 Students 850 PhD-students (3
years) 600 Exchange students (3-6 months) 200
DTU students in international exchange 900
Participants in supplementary and further
education
Innovation 80 Patent proposals 55 Accepted
patent proposals 30 Filed patent applications
Staff (FTE) 550 Faculty members 1050 Senior
researchers (permanent contr.) 500
Researchers (non permanent
contr.) 1950 Support staff
Research 1833 Research papers in ISI-journals
175 PhD dissertations
Turnover 415 mill. Euro
4
Uddrag af ph.d. bekendtgørelsen
  • 1. Ph.d.-uddannelsen er en forskeruddannelse,
    der har til formål i samspil med den
    internationale forskningsverden at uddanne
    forskere på internationalt niveau.
    Ph.d.-uddannelsen gennemføres hovedsageligt
    gennem udøvelse af aktivt forskningsarbejde under
    vejledning.
  • Stk. 2. Ph.d.-uddannelsen tager sigte på at
    opfylde nuværende og fremtidige behov for
    kvalificeret arbejdskraft til forsknings-,
    udviklings- og undervisningsopgaver i relation
    til universiteter, andre institutioner,
    virksomheder og organisationer samt til andre
    offentlige og private funktioner, hvor der
    forudsættes et bredt kendskab til forskning.

Entrepreneurship not mentioned but an
element we emphasize
5
Fundamental elements for (modern) universities
Research
Education
Innovation
6
DTU Collaboration with industry and
technology transfer
In a DTU-context innovation is research based
progress preferably sustainable at an
external partner aiming at value added growth It
can happen via common projects with companies
(student projects, collaborative projects etc.)
or by transfer of IP (know-how, inventions,
software).
7
Objectives for innovation
  • DTU will have a coherent system of innovation
    that includes research, education, patenting,
    licensing, industrial cooperation, company
    incubation and activities related to science
    parks
  • DTU will offer a program of continuing and
    further education with broad coverage that
    disseminates the newest insight into the
    technical and natural sciences to companies
    professionals and individuals

8
A classification for innovation
Harleys for middle-aged men, mechanical watches
Red ocean incremental innovation.
Market Market
Old New
Technology Old (known) State of the art Trends and fashion
Technology New User/customer driven Technology driven

Smaller mobile phones
Radical, disruptive, Blue Ocean. Smarter mobile
phones and PCs
9
Players and relations in Entrepreneurship
IPU
DTU
AFI
Væksthus
Cooperation with GTS institutes
DTU Inno- vation A/S
SCION-DTU A/S
Bioneer A/S
DFM A/S
Seed Capital
10
What is Entrepreneurship?
Entrepreneurship is "the process of looking at
things in such a way, that possible solutions to
problems and perceived needs may evolve in
venturing." Saskatchewan Government Ministry
of Learning
venture (plural ventures) A risky or daring
journey or undertaking. Here a risky commercial
undertaking with an upside - a so-called hockey
stick -
John Heebøll VÆKSTHUS
11
Why is Entrepreneurship important?
  • Can a University make a Difference?

MIT, Cambridge, Boston
  • One in four faculty involved in technology
    venturing
  • 5.000 companies founded by graduates and faculty
    since 1861
  • Employees at MIT companies gt 1.000.000
  • Sales of MIT- companies gt 250 Billion/yr
  • (DKK 2005 285 Billion USD)
  • If a nation 24th largest in the world

John Heebøll VÆKSTHUS
12
Why is Entrepreneurship important?
Does it matter what a university does? Technical
University of Denmark
John Heebøll VÆKSTHUS
13
DTU opfindelser 31. december 2006 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Totalt
Modtagne anmeldelser 25 37 35 35 46 44 53 275
Overtaget 17 26 18 26 39 34 29 189
Efterfølgende tilbagegivet opfinderne 8 18 11 19 16 7 1 80
Solgt til selskaber 0 0 4 1 3 5 4 17
Licens til selskaber 0 0 2 2 1 0 2 7
Solgt til Start-up selskaber 0 1 2 1 0 4 6 14
Licens til Start-up 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 4
Ret til fremtidige opfindelser til Start-up 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 5
Indgivne patent-ansøgninger 15 19 13 18 31 28 21 135

10 opfindelser er i 2 mdr. perioden
Registreres i det år, opfindelsen blev
anmeldt Der er indgivet 135 patentansøgninger
for DTU opfindelser (heraf 14 i fællesskab med
andre institutioner/ selskaber), 54 er senere
tilbagegivet til opfinderne, 14 patentansøgninger
er indgivet af andre selskaber under
samarbejdsaftaler 13 opfindelser, solgt
inden patentansøgning var indgivet, ville også
være blevet patentansøgt af DTU Patentportefølje
9 udstedte patenter

14
Contribution of PhD students to inventions
2005 2006 2007
Total number of patent ideas 44 53 14
number with ph.d. students involved 21 24 6
Half with PhD students PhD students represent a
huge potential
15
DTU cases
  • .

16
Variety of PhD programs and financing
  • DTU stipends
  • Co-financing via research schools (3x1/3)
  • Industry participation typically with
    co-supervision
  • Industrial PhD-program
  • Industry employment co-supervision
  • Research councils
  • EEC research programs
  • Industry (part or complete financing)
  • Innovation-PhD (5 students trial started in
    2004)

17
How do we encourage PhD entrepreneurship?
  • Applicants have to state innovative aspects of
    proposed study
  • General introduction on how to handle IPR
  • Elective entrepreneurship courses are available
  • General (PhD as an employee)
  • DTU encourages employees/students to consider
    starting new companies
  • Departments are dedicated to further innovation
    by supporting company formation
  • Knowledge based entrepreneurs have access to
    facilities, consultancy and (pre-seed) capital
  • DTU has established paradigms for transferring
    IPR to start-up companies

18
Courses addressing patenting
  • Informatics and Mathematical Modelling
  • ITMAN Graduate School Seminars
  • BioCentrum-DTU
  • Research and Development
  • Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Bioinformatics and Gene Discovery
  • FOOD Summer School FOOD - a matter of life and
    death
  • Department of Chemical Engineering
  • Chemical and Biochemical Product Design1
  • Design and test your own product ideas
  • Ørsted DTU
  • Biomedical product development
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Innovation in Product Development
  • Department of Manufacturing Engineering and
    Management
  • Advanced Surface Technology
  • Business Law for engineers
  • Knowledge based Entrepreneurship
  • Technology, economics, management and
    organisation
  • Study Division
  • Information Retrieval

19
Entrepreneurship course for PhD students
  • Ph.D. Course 42705
  • Knowledge based Entrepreneurship
  • First time 2005
  • 5 ECTS, 100 150 hours
  • See www.entrepreneur.dk
  • Only precondition gt 10 students sign up
  • Takes 8 9 weeks, lectures, 6 afternoons
  • 30 students attended in spring 2007

Given by VÆKSTHUS
20
42435 Knowledge based Entrepreneurship
  • Enable students to
  • Identify business opportunities
  • Develop business ideas (Opportunity driven
    creativity)
  • Develop business models
  • Analyse markets for technological products and
    services
  • Set up questionaires and inverview customers
  • Analyze customer value proposition
  • Plan the establishment of a company (Business
    planning)
  • Determine capital requirements
  • Establish cash flow projection
  • Establish budgets on profit/loss,
    assets/liabilities
  • Calculate an equity investment
  • Specify management competence profiles

Hi All I just finished this years version of
the DTU course 42705 Knowledge based
entrepreneurship and I am convinced that this
is the course, of all courses undertaken so far,
that will have the biggest impact on my
future. Jeppe
Clayton M. Christensen in Innovators
Dilemma Markets that Dont Exist Cant Be
Analyzed
21
Our Innovation-PhD trial
  • Started in 2004 with
  • Lars Henning (Rindorf)
  • Sarah (Ruepp)
  • Troels (Christensen)
  • Lars Tønnes (Jakobsen)
  • Niels (Bech)
  • Each presented an idea suitable for PhD study
    product development
  • All 5 expected to finish later in 2007!

22
What is an Innovation-PhD?
  • Standard DTU PhD study, plus
  • Insights into innovative and economic aspects of
    research development and IPR
  • Writing of a business plan
  • Criteria of success
  • Clarification of the timeframe for commercial
    introduction of the investigated area
  • Company start-up
  • Transfer of technology (e.g. a patent)
  • Introduction of a product

Sarah Ruepp COM-DTU
23
Niels idea Flash pyrolysis of straw
24
Straw for energy
  • Increasing interest in straw as energy
  • 130 MMton straw in EU
  • 30 to 50 available
  • Baled-straw has low energy density
  • Transport
  • gt75 related to logistics

N. BECH, 15th European Biomass Conference,
09.05.07
25
Bench Pyrolysis Centrifuge
  • Development of a reactor system for conversion of
    straw to high density bio-oil or bio-slurry in
    the field

26
The Pyrolyzer
  • Resolve dilemma
  • Eliminate baling, handling, and transport of
    straw
  • Improve farmers financial incentive

Bech et al. WO 2006/117006.
N. BECH, 15th European Biomass Conference,
09.05.07
27
Lars idea Crystal fiber for detection of bio
molecules
  • Fluoresces
  • Evanescent wave sensing
  • DNA og proteins

Jesper B. Jensen et al. (2004) Optics Letters 29
1974-1976 Jesper Bo Jensen et al. (2005) Optics
Express 155883 Lars Rindorf et al. (2006)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
(accepteret)
28
Troels idea Lab-on-a-chip sample pretreatment
29
Sarahs idea Network Survivability
Network failures affect our society, and should
hence be avoided or rapidly recovered from
through smart network design and efficient
recovery mechanisms.
  • Making optical networks resilient to failures in
    a dynamic way (restoration)
  • Developing algorithms and methods to achieve
    efficient restoration,
  • Evaluating the possibility ofapplying network
    restorationtechniques in todays and
    near-future networks, possibly patenting some
    of the findings, developing a software product

30
Lars Ts idea Digital control of switching
power converters
Digital power management can reduce power
consumption in processor units and other
equipment by controlling the voltage as a
function of processor load
31
Pros and Cons of an Innovation PhDSarahs view
  • Pros
  • Ones research work may be directly applied in a
    new product or company, which is very motivating
  • Chance to learn about the economic aspects of
    research
  • Coaching by entrepreneur experts (i.e. DTU
    Innovation)
  • Scientific curriculum can be extended with
    courses related to entrepreneurship, IPR,
    business economy, etc., which gives a broader
    scope and understanding
  • Focus on potentially patentable ideas from the
    start of the PhD study
  • Cons and Challenges
  • Extended workload (the innovation part comes as
    surplus to standard PhD work)
  • Difficulty to participate in industrial
    collaborations due to potential IPR issues
  • Not being able to research freely, all work
    should be related to potential product

32
Conclusions
  • PhD education
  • Focus should always be on high level research
  • Continue and improve information on
    entrepreneurship
  • Make courses on entrepreneurship mandatory?
  • More Innovation-PhDs?
  • Important that the university environment in
    general is entrepreneurial and supports
    innovative efforts

Einstein Not everything that counts can be
counted Not everything that can be counted counts
33
(No Transcript)
34
Entrepreneurkursus
Faglig orientering Tekniske målområder defineres
af interessefelterne for institutterne COM,
Ørsted og MIC. Kommercialisering Fokus på
etablering, udvikling og salg af virksomhed i
samarbejde med investorer og strategiske
partnere. Læringsmetodik Forelæsninger, cases,
projektarbejde i grupper på 2 4 deltagere.
Evaluering Præsentation af forretningsplan
Merit 5 point Placering Forelæsninger 5
eftermiddage à 3 timer. 1 forelæsningsdag per
uge. Kick-off, tirsdag 5. april klokken 14.00
Projektarbejde 2 måneder fra kick-off med
vejledning 1X per uge efter aftale. Evaluering
tirsdag 31. maj. Fagligt indhold
Entrepreneurskab og erfaringslære
Forretningsidéer og forretningsmodeller
Erhvervsjura immaterialret og selskabsret for
videnbaserede iværksættere Finansiering
kapitaltyper, finansieringsmodeller, pre-seed og
early stage investorer Afsætningsøkonomi
Michael Porters markedsmodel, research, analyse,
markedsføring Erhvervsøkonomi grundlæggende
virksomhedsøkonomi, budgettering
Forretningsplanlægning Cases (tentativt)
Alight (John E. Østergaard) MMPhotons (Bonni
Kryger) Nanomask (Theodor Nielsen) Image
Metrology (Jan Friis Jørgensen) Vejledning
John Heebøll Eksterne parter efter nærmere
aftale.
35
  • The entrepreneur has an enthusiastic vision, the
    driving force of an enterprise.
  • The entrepreneur's vision is usually supported by
    an interlocked collection of specific ideas not
    available to the marketplace.
  • The overall blueprint to realize the vision is
    clear, however details may be incomplete,
    flexible, and evolving.
  • The entrepreneur promotes the vision with
    enthusiastic passion.
  • With persistence and determination, the
    entrepreneur develops strategies to change the
    vision into reality.
  • The entrepreneur takes the initial responsibility
    to cause a vision to become a success.
  • Entrepreneurs take prudent risks. They assess
    costs, market/customer needs and persuade others
    to join and help.
  • An entrepreneur is usually a positive thinker and
    a decision maker.

36
Entrepreneurkursus, PhD-niveau
KURSUSBESKRIVELSE Målsætning Kursusdeltager
skal udvikle grundlæggende og praktisk
anvendelige kompetencer indenfor
forretningsmæssig nyttiggørelse af avanceret
teknisk viden, teknologi og forskningsresultater.
Resultatet af kursusdeltagelsen er en
grundlæggende forretningsplan, som præsenteres af
projektgruppen (2-4 deltagere) for faglærer og
censor, ultimo maj.
37
DTU framework for company formation
  • DTU encourages employees and students to consider
    starting up new companies
  • Departments are dedicated to further innovation
    by supporting company formation
  • Knowledge based entrepreneurs have access to
    facilities, consultancy and (pre-seed) capital
  • DTU has established paradigms for transferring
    IPR to start-up companies
  • Elective entrepreneurship courses are availble to
    m.sc. and ph.d. students
  • Study line in Design Innovation

38
Many Factors
Patents licences
Technology
Human resources
Facilities
Capital
New enterprises
New products services
39
ITMAN Graduate School Seminars
  • The aim of this course is to give a broad
    introduction to a series of non-technical-scientif
    ic subjects which are vital for the PhD students
    academic and private business career.The invited
    guest speakers will introduce their specialist
    topics and expand on these according to the
    specific needs of the target audience, e.g. how
    to secure a software patent, how to raise
    capital for private enterprise and
    dissemination of knowledge in research
    networks.The students will achieve a general
    knowledge and insight into related, relevant
    fields which will enable them to improve their
    overall communication, research and business
    competences in relation to their PhD
    studies.Each student will, according to own
    interests and goal, further develop (a) given
    topic(s) in relation to his/her PhD project in a
    short report.

40
What is Entrepreneurship? II
VÆKSTHUS
Entrepreneurship is the practice of starting new
ventures, particularly new businesses. No its
about new business areas mostly exploited by
existing companies Entrepreneurship is often a
difficult undertaking, as a majority of new
businesses fail. Wrong in high-tech
venturing Entrepreneurial activities are
substantially different depending on the type of
organization that is being started. Partly right
but venturing in a specific business area is
pretty much the same inside a company compared to
starting a new one Entrepreneurship may involve
creating many job opportunities. Yes indeed and
a lot of values too. Wikipedia - the free
encyclopedia that anyone can edit
John Heebøll VÆKSTHUS
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