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Judaism 101


Kosher Practices Specific Dietary ... Reconstructionist Judaism evolving religious ... Can observe Jewish Law is they choose to because it is a cultural ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Judaism 101

Judaism 101
  • Mr. Richards
  • Global Studies

According to most historians, Judaism began
around 2000 BC when Abraham made divine covenant
with God. Because of this, Abraham is considered
to be the Father of the Semitic religions
(Judaism, Christianity and Islam).
Important Texts
  • Tanakh (called the Old Testament by Christians)
  • The Torah (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers
    and Deuteronomy)
  • Teaching or Instruction
  • The Neviim (Joshua thru Malachilsaiah)
  • The Ketuvim (Psalms thru Chronicles)

Important Texts
  • The Talmud (a collection of stories, laws,
    medical knowledge and so on)
  • Learning or Study
  • The Mishnahs (Hebrew laws)
  • The Gemara (a HUGE collection of sayings from

Basic Jewish Beliefs
  • God exists.
  • God is one and unique.
  • God is incorporeal.
  • God is eternal.
  • Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no
  • The words of the prophets are true.
  • Moses was the greatest of the prophets and his
    prophecies are true.

Basic Jewish Beliefs cont.
  • The Torah was given to Moses.
  • There will be no other Torah.
  • God knows the thoughts and deeds of men.
  • God will reward the good and punish the wicked.
  • The Messiah will come.
  • The dead will be resurrected.

  • If God knows the thoughts and deeds of men then
    why do bad things happen?
  • Why do some deeds go unpunished?
  • What divisions are apparent between Christianity
    and Judaism?

  • Synagogues are led by Rabbis (teachers well
    educated in Jewish law and thought)
  • Templesthe temple is in Jerusalem.
  • The temple was the only place a sacrifice could
    be administered.
  • The temple in Jerusalem was destroyed.

Baltimore, Maryland
Kosher Practices
  • Specific Dietary Practices
  • Blood must be drained from the meat or broiled
    out of it before it is eaten .
  • Fish, eggs, fruits, vegetables and grains can be
    eaten with either meat or dairy.
  • Utensils that have come into contact with meat
    may not be used with dairy, and vice versa.
  • Anything in the water that has fins and scales is
    acceptable. This therefore excludes shellfish
    such as lobsters, oysters, shrimp, clams and
    crabs, all of which are forbidden.
  • Rodents, reptiles, amphibians, and insects are
    all forbidden.

The Rabbi
  • Earned by passing extensive examinations on the
    Torah and Talmud.
  • Study at a yeshiva, or holy school, like a
    seminary program.
  • He is not required to wear a particular uniform,
    and he can dress just like any other Jew.
  • Permitted to Marry.
  • May have children.
  • Neighborhood counselor.
  • Inspire community members to become better

All people of the Jewish faith worship on
Saturday, follow strict disciplinethe laws set
forth in the Torah, regular attendance at
Passage into Adulthood
  • Children are ushered into adulthood with a big
  • usually around age 13
  • Bar Mitzvah for boys
  • Bat Mitzvah for girls

Liberal Denominations
  • Reform Judaism
  • Torah was written by humans, not God, but later
    combined (liberal).
  • Does not accept binding nature of Jewish law
  • Reconstructionist Judaism
  • evolving religious civilization
  • Jews are not the chosen people by God (less
  • Can observe Jewish Law is they choose to because
    it is a cultural remnant.

Conservative Denominations
  • Conservative Judaism
  • Torah comes from God, transmitted by humans, and
    contains a human component.
  • Accepts binding nature of Jewish Law but it
  • Orthodox Judaism
  • God gave Moses the entire Torah, written (first 5
    books of the bible) and oral at Mount Sinai.
  • Strictly observe Jewish Law.
  • 613 mitzvot (commandments)
  • Chasidic Jews do not assimilate.

Important Jewish Holidays
  • Passover Celebrates the birth of the Jewish
  • Rosh Hashanah Jewish New Year
  • Yom Kippur Day of Atonement," is the holiest
    day of the Jewish year
  • Sukkoth Harvest festival
  • Hanukkah Rededication of the holy temple in
    Jerusalem after a military victory
  • Purim Queen Esther saved the Jews of Persia
    from annihilation.
  • Shavout Commemorates the giving of the Ten
    Commandments to the Jewish People on Mount Sinai.

  • This text is the teaching or instruction of the
    Old Testament
  • Torah
  • A collection of stories, learning or study
  • Talmud
  • The words of the prophets are
  • true
  • Can Rabbis marry and have children?
  • Yes
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