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Iowa Agriculture and Foreign Animal Disease Response Roles

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Iowa Agriculture and Foreign Animal Disease Response Roles David Schmitt, DVM State Veterinarian * * Why is this information important??? Ag and the animal industry ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Iowa Agriculture and Foreign Animal Disease Response Roles


1
Iowa Agriculture and Foreign Animal Disease
Response Roles
  • David Schmitt, DVM
  • State Veterinarian

2
Bill Northey Secretary of Agriculture
www.iowaagriculture.gov
3
Iowa Agricultural Statistics
  • Iowa's 2007 production value from crops and
    livestock totals gt 20 billion
  • Iowa is 2nd to CA in agriculture
  • Iowa imported ?28 million animals(2012)
  • Iowa leads the nation in corn
  • and soybean production
  • Iowa ranks 1st in Swine
  • 1st in Egg Production
  • 60 million layers
  • 15 billion eggs
  • 2nd in Red meat

4
Iowa Agriculture Statistics
  • 1st in pork, corn, soybean, and egg production
  • 2nd in red meat production
  • 89 of land in farms
  • Produce 10 hogs for every Iowan yearly
  • 1 in every 3.4 hogs is shipped out of Iowa
  • 19 of corn and 17 of soybeans produced
    nationally
  • 15 billion eggs produced each year
  • Produce more ethanol than any
  • other state
  • Total ag exports valued at more
  • than 3.676 billion-2nd in the nation

5
Iowa Agriculture Statistics
  • 92,000 farms in Iowa
  • 30,800,000 acres farmed (12,465,000 hectares)
  • 2.4 billion bushels of corn (2012)
  • 466 million bushels of soybeans (2012)
  • 209,000 dairy cows
  • 1,807 dairies
  • 1,520 dairy cow operations
  • 204 milking goat dairies - 35,000 milking goats
  • 2 sheep dairies
  • January 12, 2012 USDA NASS

6
2009 Iowa Livestock Summary
  • 3.85 million cattle and calves on farms
  • 1.1 million calvings
  • 885,000 beef cows
  • 215,000 milk cows
  • 900,000 heifers over 500 pounds
  • 1.33 million steers over 500 pounds
  • 60,000 bulls over 500 pounds
  • 460,000 calves under 500 pounds
  • January 1, 2010 USDA NASS
  • 19.2 million hogs on hand
  • 1.9 million sows
  • 19.1 million pig crop
  • 29 of nations hogs
  • 210,000 sheep and lambs
  • 4.38 billion pounds of milk
  • 6.97 billion pounds of red meat
  • Beef, veal, pork and mutton
  • Iowa 2 in red meat production

7
Agricultural Statistics Imports 2012
  • ?25.8 million feeder swine
  • ?172,000 breeding swine
  • ?1.4 million feeder cattle
  • ?125,000 breeding cattle (dairy and beef)
  • ?33,500 sheep
  • ?7,200 horses
  • ?4,600 goats
  • 165 cervids
  • List does not include chickens, turkeys, dogs,
    cats, other species and semen. 27,815,632

76,000 animals per day moved into Iowa
8
Summary of Iowa Licensed Facilities
  • Boarding Kennel 156
  • Dealer 31
  • Privately Owned Pound, Selling Dogs or Cats 0
  • Public Auction (Dogs and Cats 0
  • Pounds 165
  • Research Facility 19
  • March 18, 2013
  • Commercial Breeder (State) 284
  • USDA Animal Care Breeder/Dealer 284
  • Pet Shop 179
  • Animal Shelter 116
  • Commercial Kennel 755
  • Total 1989

9
One Treatment Decision
One Day of Practice
9 sites - 10 barns 41,737,500 meals
1 site - 1,250 Hogs 463,750 meals 1250 pigs 265
lbs market weight 70 carcass yield 8oz per
servings
Slide courtesy John Thompson, DVM Dean of ISU
CVM
10
One Day of Practice
One Treatment Decision
10 farms Average Iowa beef cow-calf herd
40 Average dairy herd 80 1,880,000
meals 60,000 glasses of milk (8 ounce glass of
milk 5 dairies)
1 site - 100 Cattle 250,000 meals 100 finished
cattle 1250 lbs market weight 63 carcass
yield 50 meat yield 4 ounce per serving
11
Emergency Disease Preparedness
12
IDALS Legal Authority
  • Control and eradicate highly contagious animal
    disease
  • Quarantine diseased animals
  • Regulate or prohibit animal movement
  • Enter premises
  • Euthanize animals if necessary
  • Disinfect farm operations

13
Iowa Veterinary Rapid Response Team
  • Veterinarians and animal
  • health professionals
  • Under authority of the State Veterinarian
  • Trained in foreign animal disease response and
    incident command
  • Roles include surveillance, epidemiology, disease
    diagnosis, and field operations

14
Veterinarians and Technicians Backbone of
animal emergency response
15
Bioterrorism and Highly Contagious Diseases poster
16
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17
(No Transcript)
18
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19
Who to Call?
20
State Animal Health Personnel
  • State and Assistant State Veterinarian
  • 5 Regional Veterinarians (4-FADDs)
  • 6 State Livestock Inspectors
  • 2 Compliance Investigators
  • Handles violations and complaints within the
    animal industry
  • Refers practice complaints to the Veterinary
    Medical Board

21
STATE VETERINARIAN DISTRICTS Dr. David Schmitt,
State Veterinarian 515-281-8601 515-669-3527
cell
Dr. Tim Smith 25800 620th Ave. Nevada, IA
50201 515-669-6231 cell 515-382-4270
fax 515-382-2538 home
Lyon
Dickinson
Osceola
Emmet
Kossuth
Winnebago
Worth
Winneshiek
Howard
Mitchell
Dr. Greg Schmitt 1140 Southdale Drive Le Mars IA
51031 515-669-5633 cell 712-541-6033
fax 712-779-0005 home
Allamakee
Clay
Sioux
O'Brien
Palo Alto
Hancock
Cerro Gordo
Floyd
Chickasaw
Clayton
Fayette
Buena Vista
Pocahontas
Wright
Franklin
Bremer
Butler
Plymouth
Cherokee
Humboldt
Webster
Dubuque
Buchanan
Delaware
Black Hawk
Woodbury
Ida
Sac
Calhoun
Hamilton
Hardin
Grundy
Dr. Gary E. Eiben 2923 115th St. Colesburg, IA
52035 515-669-6095 cell 563-856-3009
fax 563-856-2100 home
Jones
Linn
Jackson
Benton
Tama
Monona
Crawford
Carroll
Greene
Story
Marshall
Boone
Clinton
Cedar
Audubon
Harrison
Shelby
Guthrie
Polk
Jasper
Poweshiek
Iowa
Johnson
Dallas
Scott
Muscatine
Pottawattamie
Cass
Adair
Madison
Warren
Marion
Mahaska
Keokuk
Washington
Dr. Wayne Rychnovsky 901 Grove Avenue Corning, IA
50841 515-971-7391 cell 641-322-4089 home
Louisa
Montgomery
Mills
Henry
Jefferson
Wapello
Monroe
Lucas
Clarke
Union
Adams
Des
Moines
Dr. R.E. Welander 2497 Iowa Ave. Mt. Pleasant, IA
52641 515-669-5929 cell 319-385-7000
fax 319-385-3919 home
Ringgold
Fremont
Page
Taylor
Decatur
Wayne
Appanoose
Davis
Van Buren
Lee
February 2013
22
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23
Contact Information
IDALS Duty Officer (515) 242-0247 Center
for Agriculture Security
24
Federal Veterinary Staff
  • Main Office located in Des Moines at the Federal
    Building
  • Area Veterinarian in Charge (AVIC).
  • 1 Federal Veterinary Epidemiologist.
  • 3 Federal Regional Veterinarians.
  • 4 Federal Animal Health Technicians.

25
Iowa State/Federal Co-op VMO Sections
Dr. Greg Schmitt 1140 Southdale Drive Le Mars, IA
51031 515-669-5633 cell 712-541-6033
fax 712-779-0005 home
Dr. Tim Smith 25800 620th Ave. Nevada, IA
50201 515-382-2538 home 515-669-6231
cell 515-382-4270 fax
Dr. Gary E. Eiben 2923 115th St. Colesburg, IA
52035 563-856-2100 home 515-669-6095
cell 563-856-3009 fax
Lyon
Dickinson
Osceola
Emmet
Kossuth
Winnebago
Worth
Winneshiek
Howard
Mitchell
Allamakee
Clay
Sioux
O'Brien
Palo Alto
Hancock
Cerro Gordo
Floyd
Chickasaw
Fayette
Clayton
Buena Vista
Pocahontas
Wright
Franklin
Bremer
Butler
Plymouth
Cherokee
Humboldt
Dr. Neil Rippke 830 Meadow Dr. Moville, IA
51039 712-873-5073 home 515-669-5975
cell 712-873-5397 fax
Webster
Dubuque
Buchanan
Delaware
Black Hawk
Woodbury
Ida
Sac
Calhoun
Hamilton
Hardin
Grundy

Dr. Sharon Fairchild 1255 86th St. Monmouth, IA
52309 563-673-3601 home 515-669-3727
cell 563-673-3701 fax
Tama
Jones
Linn
Benton
Jackson

Greene
Monona
Crawford
Carroll
Boone
Story
Marshall
Clinton
Cedar
Audubon
Harrison
Shelby
Jasper
Guthrie
Polk
Iowa
Johnson
Dallas
Poweshiek
Scott
Muscatine
Pottawattamie
Cass
Adair
Madison
Warren
Marion
Mahaska
Keokuk
Washington
Louisa

Montgomery
Mills
Henry
Jefferson
Wapello
Monroe
Lucas
Clarke
Union
Adams
Dr. R.E. Welander 2497 Iowa Ave. Mt. Pleasant, IA
52641 319-385-3919 home 515-669-5929
cell 319-385-7000 fax
Des
Moines
Ringgold
Fremont
Page
Taylor
Decatur
Wayne
Appanoose
Davis
Van Buren
Lee


Dr. Wayne Rychnovsky 901 Grove Avenue Corning, IA
50841 641-322-4089 home 515-971-7391
cell XXX-XXX-XXXX fax
Dr. Don Otto 730 Lucas St. Knoxville, IA
50138 641-842-3245 home 515-669-5559
cell 641-842-6174 fax
January 2012
26
Foreign Animal Disease Response
  • Foreign Animal Disease (FAD) investigation
  • Is not much different than other regulatory
    disease investigations
  • i.e. TB, Brucellosis, Scrapie

27
FAD First Responder
  • Responsible to
  • Assess the Disease Situation
  • Do a Physical Exam of Animals
  • Conduct an Epi Investigation
  • Collect / Ship Proper Samples
  • Establish Biosecurity

28
Who Reports Suspect Cases
  • Veterinarians
  • Producers
  • Diagnostic Laboratories
  • County Extension Agents
  • Anyone

29
Conducting an Investigation
  • The USDA, APHIS, VS, Area Veterinarian In Charge
    (AVIC) and State Animal Health Official (SAHO)
    assign a Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostician
    (FADD) to investigate a Foreign Animal Disease
    (FAD) or Emerging Disease Incident (EDI)

30
Receiving Assignment from AVIC / SAHO
  • Pertinent Information about the FAD case is
    provided to FADD i.e. History, Contact Info
  • Referral Control Number is assigned at VS Area
    Office
  • Investigation Summary is opened in Emergency
    Management Response System (EMRS)

31
Biosecurity
  • The Farm will be Contaminated !
  • Do Not Bring a Disease Agent to the Farm
  • Do Not Take a Disease Agent from the Farm

32
Determine Priority
  • The FADD, AVIC, and SAHO must concur on the
  • Classification of Investigation, and
  • Designation of Diagnostic Sample Priority 1,2,3,
    or A

33
FMD Response Plan Iowa ISU Extension Roles
34
Responsible Agencies Iowa FMD Response Plan
  • Lead Department of Agriculture and Land
    Stewardship
  • Support Office of the Governor (IGOV)
  • Iowa Homeland Security and Emergency Management
    Division (HLSEMD)
  • Iowa Department of Human Services (DHS)
  • Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
  • Iowa Department of Public Safety (DPS)
  • Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • Iowa Department of Public Health (DPH)
  • Iowa National Guard
  • Iowa State University Extension Service (ISU
    Extension)
  • Iowa State University College of Veterinary
    Medicine (ISU Vet
  • College)

35
Action Levels
  • Action Level 4 - Confirmed FMD case in the United
    States, Canada, or Mexico.
  • Action Level 3 - Presumptive positive FMD case in
    Iowa, as pronounced by the State Veterinarian.
  • Action Level 2 - Confirmed positive FMD case(s)
    in Iowa, as pronounced by the State Veterinarian,
    state and local capabilities have not been
    overwhelmed.
  • Action Level 1 - Confirmed positive FMD cases in
    Iowa, as pronounced by the State Veterinarian,
    state and local capabilities have been
    overwhelmed.

36
Goals
  • Goal 1 Prevention
  • Goal 2 Surveillance and Detection
  • Goal 3 Containment
  • Goal 4 Eradication
  • Goal 5 Recovery

37
Iowa State University Extension Service Roles
in FMD Response
38
Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Serve as an information source at the state,
    regional, county, and local level using
    electronic and conventional technologies
    including ICN programs, satellite communication
    to all county offices, and e-mail to
    veterinarians, extension personnel, Iowa
    Veterinary Medical Association Leaders,
    producers, commodity organizations, farm
    organizations, consumers, and the general public.
  • All levels

39
Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Conduct Continuing Education programs for
    veterinarians on FMD diagnosis, control, and
    eradication.
  • All levels

40
Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Organize, advertise, and conduct statewide,
    regional, county, and local programs to satisfy
    IDALS and USDA/APHIS information dissemination
    needs.
  • All levels

41
Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Prepare personnel who staff the Iowa Concern
    Hotline to respond appropriately to FMD-related
    questions and concerns. Iowa Concern Hotline
    provides toll-free, 24 hour-a-day, 7 day-a-week
    confidential assistance and referral for stress,
    legal questions and financial concerns for Iowa
    families in times of crisis and change.
  • All levels

42
Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Supply information to key individuals in
    communities affected or threatened by FMD,
    including but not limited to the clergy, other
    social service agencies, public and private
    schools, teachers, bankers, local environmental
    groups, and agri-business firms.
  • Listed for Action Level 3, 2, 1

43
Incident Command System (ICS)
44
ICS Functional Areas
45
ICS Organization
RESOURCES SITUATION UNIT DEMOBILIZATION DOCUMEN
TATION
TIME UNIT PROCUREMENT UNIT COMPENSATION COST
UNIT
SERVICE BRANCH COMMUNICATIONS MEDICAL
FOOD SUPPORT BRANCH SUPPLY FACILITIES
GROUND SUPPORT
BRANCH
BRANCH
DIVISIONS GROUPS
GROUP
GROUP
STRIKE TEAMS TASK FORCES
TECHICAL SPECIALIST
RESOURCES
46
Span of Control
  • Maintain Span of Control at 1-7

47
Incident Command System
Animal Health Organizational Structure
48
Learning ICS
  • US Department of Homeland Security Federal
    Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
  • Independent study courses for basic ICS training
  • http//www.fema.gov/incident-command-system

49
Animal Health Alert Network (AHAN)
50
Your Local Information Link for Animal Safety and
Security
Animal Health Alert Network

51
Emergency Response in Iowa
  • IVRRT(Iowa Veterinary Rapid Response Team)
  • IRVIN(Iowa Rapid Veterinary Information Network)
  • County Emergency Response
  • SEOC(State Emergency Operations Center)
  • HAN(Health Alert Network)
  • AEC(Area Emergency Coordinator)
  • AHAN(Animal Health Alert Network)
  • BART(Basic Animal Response Training)

52
What is the AHAN?
  • State-adaptable, local network
  • Involves State Veterinarian, State Local
    Extension Educators, Local Feed Retailers,
    non-commercial livestock/poultry owners
  • Connects underserved populations of
    non-commercial livestock/poultry owners with
    vital animal disease related alerts and
    information

53
Goal of the Animal Health Network
  • The Animal Health Networks goal is to enhance
    animal disease emergency support to to protect,
    prevent, detect, respond to and recover from
    threats and incidents that would result in the
    disruption of industries related to U.S.
    livestock, other domestic animals, and wildlife.
  • The Animal Health Network also serves to protect,
    prevent, detect, respond to, and recover from
    endangered food supply, public health, and
    domestic and international trade.

54
(No Transcript)
55
Animal Health Network Footprint
2008 Pilot Test States 2011 Cohort States 2012
Cohort States
56
Work accomplished in Pilot Year exceeded
goals Feed Retailers involved in 49 of 99
counties
57
IRVIN
  • Iowa Rapid Veterinary Information Network
  • Burst email network
  • Over 850 veterinarians
  • To register send email to David.Schmitt_at_iowaagri
    culture.gov or
    Call
    515-281-5305

58
Closing
  • Questions
  • and
  • Discussion

ifitistobeitisuptome
59
Thank You
  • IDALS staff
  • USDA Veterinary Services
  • USDA Animal Care
  • USDA Investigative and Enforcement Services
  • USDA Wildlife Services
  • Iowa Department of Natural Resources
  • Iowa Department of Public Health
  • Iowa State University, College of Veterinary
    Medicine
  • Iowa State University Extension Service
  • Iowa Livestock Industry Organizations and
    Businesses
  • Iowa National Guard
  • Iowa Homeland Security

60
Summary of Iowa Licensed Facilities
  • Commercial Breeder (State) (199, 214, 228, 274,
    276, 359, 286, 273, 272) 284
  • USDA Animal Care Breeder/Dealer (352, 414, 465,
    465, 425, 392, 361, 338, 326) - 284
  • Pet Shop (183, 183, 189, 191, 181, 183, 182,
    184, 185) - 179
  • Animal Shelter (52, 51, 52, 65, 77, 87, 100,
    109, 109) - 116
  • Commercial Kennel (563, 598, 629, 656, 645,
    691, 715, 722, 730) - 755
  • Total (1702, 1825, 1931, 2041, 1976, 2088,
    1981, 1980) - 1989
  • Boarding Kennel (168, 172, 175, 182, 179,
    177, 160, 147, 149) - 156
  • Dealer (3, 5, 6, 16, 15, 18, 28, 30, 32) - 31
  • Privately Owned Pound, Selling Dogs or Cats
    (5, 5, 6, 12, 10, 0, 0, ) - 0
  • Public Auction (1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0) - 0
  • Pound (157, 164, 162, 160, 149, 159, 163, 158,
    158) - 165
  • Research Facility (19, 18, 18, 19, 19, 21, 20,
    20, 19) 19
  • (November 18, 2003 December 7, 2004 January 3,
    2005 November 26, 2007, September 8, 2009,
    September 10, 2010, April 15, 2011, November 8,
    2011, January 4, 2012) (March 18, 2013)
  • After enactment of HF 2280, only pounds.
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