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The interpretation of traditional Chinese medical professionalism Zhang Daqing

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Title: The interpretation of traditional Chinese medical professionalism Zhang Daqing


1
The interpretation of traditional Chinese medical
professionalism Zhang Daqing
2
  1?Medical beneficence the sources of
traditional Chinese medical ideas
3
(1)Medicine as Humanity Artthe basis of
Confucian tradition of medicine
Ling Qu Shizhuan ????,??????,????,?????,??
??,???? Zhang Zhongjing ???????,???????,???
???,?????
4
  • The Confucian principle of love others
    expresses the idea of respecting human lives.
  • ????????,????,????????????,?????
  • ???????????????
  • ??????????????,?????,?????
  • ???????????????,?????????????????
  • ?????,?????,????,?????,????,?????,???????????,???
    ???,????????

5
(2)?the benevolence in Taoism
  • ??????,???????????,?????,?????,????????????,??
    ????
  • ????,???????????????????
  • ??????????,??????????,???????????????????

6
(3) the influence of Buddhist ethics to medical
ethics
  • Under the influence of the Buddhist ideas of
    "cause and effect" and "donation causing
    happiness" , many Buddhists take the practice of
    medicine as a way to do good.
  • The idea of rebirth and retribution of good and
    evil is an important part of Buddhist ethics.
  • Buddhist takes Great Compassion as the first
    principle, "bemoaning the state of the universe
    and pitying the fate of humankind" as the
    starting point of morality and "not doing any
    evil and offering up all good conduct" as
    personal behavior rules.

7
There are three moral perspectives in the
ancient Chinese medical ethics Confucianism,
Daoism and Buddhism. So many moral theory coexist
in Chinese medical ethics deontology, value
theory, virtue ethics, consequentialism,etc..
Although there are differences and
interpretations to medical benevolence among
these moral theory, the good in the value of
medical care is shared unanimously by all?
8
2?Medical beneficencethe moral value of medical
technology
9
(1)?Clinical therapy the moral implications of
medical technology
  • The traditional Chinese doctors think much of
    the moral implications of medical technology.
    They deem the practice of medicine and saving
    lives as a benevolent morality intrinsically. The
    traditional Chinese medicine emphasize the
    integrity of technology and virtue of doctors.
    The excellent skills and good professionalism
    indicate the good virtue of doctors.

10
(2)?Medical good doctors good conflicts and
harmony
  • Medical good expresses the moral value
    of medical care, while this good can not be
    identified with that of medical professionals.
    The medial good and the professional good can be
    unified. But there are conflicts if we can not
    take their relationship rightly. So the
    traditional Chinese medicine emphasized this
    harmonious relation.

11
Medical good doctors good conflicts and
harmony
  • Their relationship includes
  • (1)harmonious relation
  • (2)the gap of the two goods
  • (3)the conflicts

12
  • The conflicts between morality and benefits
  • Confucianism holds that the morality takes
    precedence over benefits. This moral value is the
    central focus of ideal moral person, which has
    great influence on medicine. Physicians born in
    this atmosphere will take medicine as a means to
    construct the world and take the morality as
    practice of ideal person. Many Confucian doctors
    deem the practice of medicine as a benevolent
    cause to do good.

13
  • The patient-doctor relationship (PDR)
  • The traditional Chinese medicine considers
    the equal and close cooperation as the basis of
    medical trust of PDR. ?????????,????,????????,
    ??????,????,????,??????,????,?????????

14
3?From individual to society medical benevolence
in the context of Confucian culture
15
(1)Medical benevolence an approach to realize
self-value
  • ????????????,???????????,???????,???????
    ????,??????????,???????????,???????,???????,??????
    ??????????,????,??????

16
  (2)?benevolence and filial pity from
individual to family
  • The Chinese culture emphasizes the
    family harmony and development. The Confucian
    idea of humanity and love indicates this
    characteristics of Chinese culture which is
    attached to family blood. The meaning of humanity
    is based on this father-son love in the
    patriarchal clan system.

17
(3)?Medical benevolence from religious
philanthropy organization to civil health
protection organization
  • The Taoism and Buddhism deem medical care as a
    benevolent activity. This leads to the wide
    spread of using medicine as a means by
    missionary. Relieving pain and suffer is a way to
    believe the God.
  • The benevolence of medicine and Confucian
    morality meet the moral standards of feudalism
    ethics. So many Confucians choose the practice as
    their life goals.

18
(4)?The strategy of benevolence the prescription
for government to do good
  • Health care is good to heal the wounded and
    rescue the dying, which involves the interests of
    the vast people. So the rulers of Chinese
    government in the history took the practice of
    medicine as an important strategy to practice
    humanity in politics.

19
4?medical benevolence the differences between
Chinese and the west
20
  • The traditional Chinese medical ethics emphasizes
    the duty to heal the wooded and rescue the
    dying, and takes the human life as the first
    good.
  • The traditional Chinese medical ethics pay great
    attention to the opinion family members on the
    basis of that of individual patient.
  • The traditional Chinese medical ethics takes the
    patients interests as the first principle. It is
    justifiable that the doctor does not inform the
    patient personally if that information is adverse
    to treatment and cure.

21
  • In the context of Chinese culture,
    medical benevolence is a core part of medical
    practice for doctors, an important approach for
    doctors to realize their personal ideal and
    social value and a good description of doctors
    and Confucians choosing the same way of life. In
    the history of medical development, the idea of
    medical benevolence correspond with medical
    model in moral value. This is different from the
    west idea that morality separates with the
    medical technology.
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