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U of A Overview of Addictions

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U of A Overview of Addictions AADAC YOUTH SERVICES EDMONTON Margaret McClellan – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U of A Overview of Addictions


1
U of A Overview of Addictions
  • AADAC YOUTH SERVICES
  • EDMONTON
  • Margaret McClellan

2
Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission
  • Vision
  • A healthy society that is free from the harmful
    effects of alcohol, other drugs, and gambling
  • Mission
  • Making a difference in peoples lives by
    assisting Albertans to achieve freedom from the
    harmful effects of alcohol, other drugs and
    gambling.

3
What percentage of Alberta young people (grades
7-12) do NOT smoke cigarettes?
  1. 44.5
  2. 76.7
  3. 83.8
  4. 91.5

4
What percentage of Alberta young people (grades
7-12) do NOT use alcohol?
  1. 19.3
  2. 31
  3. 43.7
  4. 67.8

5
What percentage of Alberta young people (grades
7-12) do NOT use cannabis?
  1. 35.2
  2. 52.4
  3. 43.7
  4. 72.4

6
What percentage of Alberta young people (grades
7-12) do NOT use cannabis?
  • 35.2
  • 52.4
  • 43.7
  • 72.4

7
CLASSES OF DRUGS
  • Uppers Stimulants nicotine, caffeine, crystal
    meth, cocaine/crack,
  • Downers Depressants alcohol, codeine, heroin,
  • All-arounders Hallucinogensmagic mushrooms,
    PCP, LSD, Ecstacy
  • Cannabis

8
What are the perks
  • Curiosity
  • To escape
  • To build confidence
  • To increase energy
  • Cope with emotional/physical pain
  • Peer influence
  • Self-medication
  • To be cool
  • To gain a competitive edge
  • Change appearance i.e lose weight
  • Emotional experience
  • Action

9
Continuum of Use
  • No use
  • Use
  • Misuse
  • Abuse
  • Dependency

10
Dependence
  • Pattern of behaviour involves
  • Poor self-regulatory control
  • Continues despite negative feedback
  • Often appears out of control
  • Reinforcers become Strong

11
Addiction
  • learned habits that are difficult to extinguish
    even in face of dramatic negative consequences

12
Risk Factors
  • Either life events or experiences that are
    statistically associated with an increase in
    problematic behaviours such as alcohol and other
    drug use, and problem gambling (Hawkins, Catalano
    Miller, 1992)

13
What are the two top risk factors for substance
abuse gambling?
  1. Grade at first start and ease of access
  2. Age and peer risk behaviour
  3. Neighbourhood disorganization and poor mothers
    support

14
Risk Factors (associated with substance abuse
and gambling)
  • Age
  • Peer risk behaviour
  • Family history of substance abuse
  • Family discord
  • Disconnection from school

15
Signs of Substance Abuse
  • Changes in school performance
  • Changes in attitudes toward sports and activities
  • Changes in weight or physical appearance
  • Changes in eating/sleeping habits
  • Changes in friends
  • Changes in behaviours

16
Identifying Students at Risk
  • Attendance
  • Absent/late
  • Excused from class
  • Performance
  • Grades
  • Assignments
  • Motivation
  • Behaviour
  • Disruptive
  • Inattentive
  • Uncooperative
  • Easily upset
  • Paranoia
  • Change of friends
  • Anger/obscene language
  • Withdrawn
  • Memory lapses

17
Identifying risks cont
  • Attitude
  • Frequent change of mood
  • Defensive
  • Other students are afraid of him or her
  • Specific Concerns
  • Talks about
  • Physical symptoms
  • Appears dazed/giddy
  • Lethargic
  • Unkempt appearance
  • Glassy/bloodshot eyes/dark circles
  • Falls asleep, not alert
  • Unexplained bruises, underweight
  • Accident prone

18
Risk Factors Within Life Domains School Domain
  • Academic failure
  • Negative, disorderly, and unsafe school climate
  • Low teacher expectations
  • Lack of clear school policies regarding drug use
  • Lack of commitment to school
  • Withdrawn/aggressive classroom behaviour

19
Major Life Areas
  • Legal
  • Financial
  • Job/School
  • Social
  • Leisure Activities
  • Physical Health
  • Family Relationships
  • Emotional/ Spiritual Health

20
Transtheoretical Model of ChangeProchaska,
DiClemente, Norcross
  • Precontemplation
  • Contemplation
  • Preparation
  • Action
  • Maintenance
  • Termination

21
Model of Change
  • Stages have specific tasks that need to be
    completed
  • Processes create and sustain movement through
    stages
  • Context i.e. current life situation, attitudes,
    beliefs, relationships, personal characteristics
  • Markers of Change signposts

22
Protective Factors
  • Represent the influences, orientations and
    behaviours in a youths lives that contribute to
    positive development and help prevent negative
    behaviours and outcomes such as substance use
    (SAMHSA 2002p.10, )

23
Most Important Protective Factors
  • Parental monitoring
  • Social skills (managing behaviour choices)
  • Availability of pro-social activities
  • Participation in pro-social activities
  • School connection
  • Peer influence on decision making
  • Positive adults/bonding

24
Protective factors Within Life Domains School
  • Caring and supportive school environment
  • High expectations
  • Clear standards and rules for appropriate
    behaviour
  • Youth participation, involvement, and
    responsibility in school tasks and decisions

25
Resiliency
  • A balancing of protective factors against risk
    factors, and the gradual accumulation of
    emotional strength as children respond
    successfully to challenges in their families,
    schools and communities

26
Resiliency
  • It is important to shift our focus from looking
    at what is wrong to looking at and building upon
    adolescents strengths
  • Building resiliency means thriving not just
    surviving

27
Strength Based Perspective
  • Believes that everybody, every community, every
    family, every individual has a fundamental
    knowledge of capacities and skills, of personal
    traits and resources that exists within them and
    around them, that are tools to be used in helping
    people move in a different direction.
  • Dennis Saleby

28
Best practices in prevention
  • What alcohol, drug, gambling and tobacco
    prevention works best?

29
Good addiction prevention programming
  • Increase protective factors decrease risk factors
  • Targeted
  • Key transition points
  • Cumulative, progressive
  • Strength-based/best practices
  • Run by leaders who youth see as trustworthy
  • experiential

30
Great leaders make great prevention
  • A Passion for People is paramount.
  • Your positive qualities as a teacher are an asset
    as you help prevent alcohol, drugs, gambling and
    tobacco problems.
  • Capture those informal prevention opportunities

31
AADAC Youth Services12325 140 St. 423 7383
  • Intake
  • Information Series
  • Outpatient Counseling
  • Intensive Treatment Program
  • Family Counseling
  • Parent Support Group
  • Detox
  • Residential Treatment
  • Mobile Team
  • Prevention Team
  • Tobacco Reduction Team

32
AADAC Youth Services
  • Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Act
  • Guidelines for interpreting the confidentiality
    and disclosure provisions of the Alberta Alcohol
    and Drug Abuse Act
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