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Early Middle Ages, Key People, Events, Feudalism Part 1

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Early Middle Ages, Key People, Events, Feudalism Part 1 Part 1 - Early Middle Ages Decline of Civilization Unifying hegemony (Influence of power and culture) of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Middle Ages, Key People, Events, Feudalism Part 1


1
Early Middle Ages, Key People, Events,
Feudalism Part 1
2
Part 1 - Early Middle Ages
3

Effects of the Fall of Romes Central Government
  • Decline of Civilization Unifying hegemony
    (Influence of power and culture) of Rome is gone
  • People flee cities due to neglect and invasions.
    Many move to the country to seek protection
  • Roads and public works fall into disrepair and
    are not protected.
  • Trade decreases Trade routes no longer controlled
    by Rome
  • Classical learning is kept in the church.
    Language of the Church is in Latin which was not
    the language of the common person
  • Once powerful uniting central Gov. of Rome is
    replaced with feudalism

4
Middle Ages The period between ancient times
and modern times during A.D. 4761500476 AD
with the official fall of the Roman Empire marks
the start of the Middle Ages Medieval from
the Latin Mid Avum meaning Middle AgesMedieval
refers to life and culture during the Middle
Ages
5
Early Middle Age Figures
After winning a battle in 496, King Clovis, First
King to convert to Christianity, established a
Christian kingdom in Western Europe. It was one
of many kingdoms that developed when Roman
authority collapsed.
  • Charlemagne 724 814 AD the grandson of
    Charles Martel briefly united Western Europe
    building an empire stretching across France and
    Germany
  • Vikings Expert sailors from Scandinavia who
    raided European river towns starting in the late
    700s

6
  • Charles Martel a Frankish leader who rallied
    warriors to push Muslims out of France and
    Western Europe in the. Battle of Tours 732 AD

7
What replaced the Roman Empire?
When the unifying force of the Roman empire
disappeared from Western Europe, Germanic
kingdoms replaced it. Greco-Roman, Germanic, and
Christian traditions blended during the Middle
Ages.
8
Many Germanic tribes conquered parts of the Roman
empire.
  • Lots of fighting for power and land

After converting to Christianity, Clovis earned
the support of his subjects in Gaul and the pope
in Rome.
9
Charlemagne, Martels grandson, briefly united
Western Europe.
  • Pope Leo 3rd in Rome, crowned Charlemagne Holy
    Roman Emperor Christmas day 800 AD
  • Charlemagne was a skilled leader who revived
    Latin learning and brought scholars to his
    court.

Charlemagne Video
10
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11
Muslim armies overran Christian lands and crossed
into France. Charles Martel led Frankish warriors
in the battle of Tours to push them back.
12
After Charlemagnes death 814 his empire was
split up. His incompetent heirs faced waves of
invasions from Vikings
13

Charlemagnes empire broke apart even more when
the Vikings began attacking European coastal and
river towns.
  • These Scandinavian people were expert sailors.
  • They opened trade routes linking northern Europe
    to the Mediterranean.
  • Eventually Vikings become Christians

14
Feudalism in Western Europe
15
Feudalism provided was a localized political
system of government based on mutual
obligation. Feudalism results in mixed loyalties
and constant power struggles.

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17
The ManorManoralism the economic system of
Feudalism
18
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19
The power and structure of the Church was
hierarchalConstantine set up the church in the
same way his government was. Later the
doctrine of Papal Supremacy put the power of the
Pope above the King
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The Roman Catholic Church was the Central Focus
for Each Christian during Medieval Life
  • People needed the Church throughout their lives
    (Birth to Death) in order to go to heaven
  • Sacraments holy rites which had to be performed
    by bishops, priests
  • Baptism at birth Bishop, priest
  • Eucharist Bishop or priest
  • Marriage Bishop or Priest
  • Penance (Confession) Bishop or priest
  • Anointing of the Sick Bishop or priest
  • Last Rites before death Bishop or Priest

22
End of Part 1
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