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Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Nursing

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Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Nursing Trends And Issues Role of Professional Nurse – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Nursing


1
Islamic University of Gaza Faculty of Nursing
  • Trends And Issues
  • Role of Professional Nurse

2
  • Nursing as professional is unique because it
    addresses the responses of individual and
    families to actual and potential health problem
    in humanistic and holistic manner.
  • Nurse advocates, teaches, and assumes several
    roles at the same time.

3
  • Role and Function of the Nurse

4
Caregiver
  • Nurse helps client regain health through healing
    process.
  • Healing is more than just curing specific
    diseases although treatment skills that promote
    physical healing are important.
  • Nursing addresses holistic health needs of client
    including measures to restore emotional and
    social well being.
  • Caregiver helps client and family set goals and
    meets these goals with minimal cost of time and
    energy.

5
Decision Maker
  • For providing effective care, nurse uses decision
    making throughout nursing process.
  • In some situations, the nurse makes these
    decisions alone or with client and his family
    while in other cases, nurse works with other
    health care professionals.

6
Protector
  • As a protector, nurse helps to maintain a safe
    environment for client and takes steps to prevent
    injuries and to protect client from possible
    adverse effects of diagnostic and treatment
    measures.

7
Client Advocate
  • It is the nurse responsibility to ensure that
    patients has all information needed to make
    informed decisions about health care.
  • Nurse must protect client's human and legal
    rights and provides assistance in
    asserting those rights.

8
Manager
  • Nursing coordinates activities of other members
    of health care team when managing client's total
    care.
  • As manager, nurse coordinates and delegates care
    responsibilities and supervises other health care
    workers.

9
Rehabilitator
  • Nurse helps clients that experience physical or
    emotional impairments and change their lives to
    adapt as fully as possible.
  • Rehabilitative activates range from teaching
    client's to walk with crutches to helping
    clients cope with lifestyle changes often
    associate with chronic illness.

10
Comforter
  • It is traditional role but important, so it is
    added to new roles of nurse.
  • Nursing care is directed to the whole person
    rather than simply the body, because comfort and
    emotional support give the client the strength to
    recover.

11
Communicator
  • The role of communicator is central to all other
    nursing roles.
  • Nursing involves communications with clients and
    families, other nurse and heath care
    professionals, resource persons, and the
    community.
  • Without clear communications, it is impossible to
    give care effectively, make decisions with
    clients and families, protect clients from
    threats to well being, coordinate and manage
    client care, assist the client in rehabilitation,
    offer comfort, or teach.
  • The quality of communication is critical factor
    in meeting the needs of individuals, families,
    and communities.

12
Teacher
  • As a teacher, the nurse
  • explains to the client concepts and factors about
    health.
  • demonstrates procedures such as self-care
    activities,
  • determines that client fully understand health
    issues, and
  • evaluates progress in learning.
  • Teaching could be planned or unplanned. (formal
    or informally)

13
  • Career Roles (Employment Positions)

14
Nurse Educator
  • Works primarily in school of nursing, staff
    development, and client education department.
  • Nursing educators in nursing schools are usually
    required to have graduate degree in nursing
    education, in addition, they generally have a
    specific clinical specialty and advanced clinical
    experience.
  • Nurse educators in staff development of health
    care institutions provide educational programs
    for nurses within their institutions. These
    programs include orientation of new personal,
    critical care nursing courses, and instructions
    about new equipment for procedures.

15
Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Has master degree in nursing and expertise in a
    specialized area of practice.
  • Works in a critical care, acute care, long-term
    and community health care agency.
  • May specialize in the management of disease such
    as cancer, disabilities , or cardiovascular or
    pulmonary diseases pediatric or gerontology.
  • Functions as a clinician, educator, manager,
    consultant, and researcher within the area of
    practice to plan or improve the quality of
    nursing care for the client and family.

16
Nurse Practitioner
  • Provides health care to clients, either in
    outpatient ambulatory care , or community based
    setting .
  • May work with a specific group of clients or
    clients of all ages and health care needs.
  • Has the knowledge and skills necessary to detect
    and manage limited acute and chronic stable
    conditions.
  • His educational program preparation includes a
    practitioner program or a master degree in
    nursing.

17
1- An Adult Nurse Practitioner (ANP)
  • Provides primary care, ambulatory care to adult
    with an emergency acute or chronic illness.
  • Usually employed in ambulatory care centers or
    outpatient clinics and work in collaboration with
    a primary physician.

18
2- A Family Nurse Practitioner (ENP)
  • Provider ambulatory care for families , usually
    in collaboration with family care physician.
  • He meets the family's general health care needs,
    manages some illnesses by providing direct care
    and guides or counsels the family as needed.

19
3- A Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP)
  • Provides health care to infant and children.

20
4- An Obstetrics , Gynecology Nurse Practitioner
(ONP)
  • Provides primary ambulatory care to women seeking
    obstetrical or gynecological health care.

21
5- A Geriatric Nurse Practitioner (GNP)
  • This activity includes interventions for health
    maintenance, illness prevention, or health
    restoration.

22
Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)
  • Educated in nursing and midwifery.
  • The practice involves providing independent cares
    for women during normal pregnancy , labor and
    delivery ,as well as care for newborn.
  • May include some gynecological services such as
    "Pap Smear", family planning, and treatment for
    minor vaginal infections.
  • Practices with a health care agency that provides
    medical consultation, collaborative management,
    and referral.

23
Anesthetic Nurse
  • Is an (RN) who has received advanced training in
    a certified program in anesthesiology.
  • Provide surgical anesthesia under guidance and
    supervision of an anesthesiologist (Physician
    with advanced Knowledge of surgical anesthesia).

24
Administrator Nurse
  • manages client care and delivery of special
    nursing services within health care
    agency.
  • may hold middle management position as head
    nurse or supervisor. This position usually
    requires at least a baccalaureate degree in
    nursing.
  • Upper level management position includes
    assistant , or associate director, or director of
    nursing services. This position requires a
    master's degree.
  • Generally , functions of administrators include
    budgeting, staff strategic planning of programs,
    and services, employee's evaluation and
    employee's development

25
  • Thank you
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