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The Canterbury Tales

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The Canterbury Tales Geoffrye Chaucer Introduction to Medieval Period 1. the medieval mind post apocalyptic 2. bad times / hard times A ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Canterbury Tales


1
The Canterbury TalesGeoffrye Chaucer
2
Chaucers Canterbury Tales
  • Introduction to Medieval Period
  • 1. the medieval mindpost apocalyptic
  • 2. bad times / hard
  • times

3
A. Introduction to Medieval Literature
  • 3. The allegorical mind
  • --seeing the great code
  • --spiritual reality behind the physical
  • world
  • 4. A Few Medieval Concepts
  • a. The Four Humors
  • 1. sanguine (cheerful, optimistic)
  • 2. phlegmatic (lazy)
  • 3. choleric (angry)
  • 4. melancholic (sad, depressed)

4
A. IntroductionThe Four Humors
5
A. IntroductionThe Black Death
  • b. The Black Death The Plague
  • One-third of Europes population is wiped out
  • Death is personified as
  • The Grim Reaper image

6
B. Chaucer the Father of English Literature
7
B. Chaucer
  • Biographical background
  • a.
  • b.
  • c.
  • Father of English Literature
  • Why?
  • a.
  • b.
  • c.

8
B. Geoffrey Chaucer
  • The Canterbury Tales
  • The use of the frame story device
  • 1. what it is
  • 2. Chaucers Frame Story
  • a. The frame is as
  • important as
  • b. pilgrims are a cross section of med-
  • ieval life

9
The Canterbury PilgrimsRepresenting All of Us
on the Great Journey, Telling Stories

  • (engraving by William Blake)

10
3. The Canterbury Tales
  • b. The Art of the Canterbury Tales
  • 1. Beautiful verse
  • 2. Curious detachment
  • 3. Double vision (sees the
  • paradox of lifeno illusions,
  • but no simple judgements
  • The travelers at the
  • Tabard Inn

11
4. The Prologue
  • Characters as types
  • Rich detail
  • Allegorical level
  • of
  • the pilgrims and
  • their
  • journey

12
4. The Prologue Some Pilgrims
  • The Knight
  • The Squire
  • The Nun

13
4. The Prologue Characters
  • The Friar
  • The Oxford Student
  • The Wife of Bath

14
4. The Prologue The Characters
  • The Miller
  • The Reeve

15
4. The Prologue The Characters
  • The Pardoner
  • The Host

16
5. The Pardoners Tale
  • What was a pardoner?
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • Chaucers Pardoner a complete
  • fraud
  • 1. pardons
  • 2. relics

17
6. The Millers Tale
  • What is a miller?
  • The genrefablieau
  • Two stock plots

18
7. The Reeves Tale
  • Response to the Miller
  • What is a reeve?
  • The unity of the tales
  • theme with the frames
  • theme

19
8. The Wife of Baths Tale
20
8. The Wife of Baths Tale
  • The Character of the Wife of
  • Bath (whats Bath?)
  • 1. archetypal (Venus and
  • Mars)
  • 2. married five times
  • (nos. 1, 2, and 3
  • elderly and dominated)
  • no. 4cheated, but she
  • brought him back by pretending her
    own affair

21
8. Wife of Baths Tale (continued)
  • no. 5the only one she truly loved (he was
    young), and he made her the most miserable
  • worldly, honest, plain-spoken, sexual (uses it
    for pleasure and for power)
  • Fifth marriage (to Jankin)
  • mirrors the marriage
  • in the tale

22
8. Wife of Bath
  • The Tale
  • 1. the tale mirrors the pilgrim
  • 2. medieval romance
  • 3. character of the knight
  • (all men)--ugly

23
8. Wife of Baths Tale
  • 3. character of the knight (all men)--ugly
  • no honor
  • no respect
  • no gratitude
  • no courage
  • snobbish
  • thinks only of self

24
8. Wife of Baths Tale
  • 4. character of the old woman
  • reflection of the Wife
  • rebukes knights
  • three way snobbery
  • Main theme of the Tale
  • The Fairy Tale Aspect

25
8. Wife of Baths Tale
  • 7. Is the Wife of Bath an object of satire or an
    instrument of it?
  • Object Antifeminist View
  • Warning against what happens when women gain
    power a monster is created. Women will use their
    sexual powers for nothing but harm.
  • Instrument Feminist View
  • Exposes the absurdity of the strict views of
    marriage, sex, and gender roles held by the
    authorities of the time exposes the absurdity
    of their fear of women taking power through an
    extreme, unrealistic example

26
8. The Wife of Baths Tale
  • Main theme of Sexuality (super-charged force in
    our lives be careful!)
  • The Choice between the angels
  • and the beasts
  • 1. Blakes Theory
  • 2. The fruit theory of love
  • 3. That which can destroy you when done for
    selfish reasons is the same that can save
    you when done for love
  • 4. Self Respect (Chers Thats just my
    feet)

27
C. Conclusion
  • What makes Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales
    great?
  • 1. the scope of his vision and achievement
  • 2. the allegory of the travelers
  • 3. Chaucers
  • humanity
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