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OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained ocean observing system for climate

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Title: OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained ocean observing system for climate


1
OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained
ocean observing system for climate
Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission
for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
The Global Ocean Observing System
  • Albert Fischer and Boram Lee
  • IOC / UNESCO

2
Background international coordination
  • The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
    (IOC) of the United Nations Educational,
    Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
    exists as a mechanism for governments to
    coordinate marine science and observations, the
    World Meteorological Organization (WMO) does the
    same for meteorology.
  • A major program of the IOC is the Global Ocean
    Observing System (GOOS), which has defined
    scientific requirements for global ocean and
    coastal ocean observation systems
  • Implementation of many of the elements of the
    system is coordinated by panels of the Joint
    WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and
    Marine Meteorology (JCOMM)

3
Background international coordination
  • The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) has
    ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial components,
    and was designed to respond to the needs of the
    UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
    (UNFCCC)
  • The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
    coordinates international climate research, with
    its CLIVAR project most involved with ocean
    observations and research
  • Recommendations for the design of a sustained
    global ocean observing system for climate are the
    responsibility of the GCOS-GOOS-WCRP Ocean
    Observations Panel for Climate (OOPC)

4
System goals
  • Recommendations for a sustained global ocean
    observing system for climate have been developed,
    in wide consultation with the oceanographic
    community, by the OOPC. This system is designed
    to provide data and information products for
  • Climate monitoring and forecasting
  • Climate assessment
  • Climate research
  • it is also the foundation for global operational
    oceanography, including global weather prediction
    and marine forecasting, global and coastal ocean
    prediction and marine environmental monitoring

5
Implementation plans
  • The requirements and a 5- to 10-year phased
    implementation plan for the system were recently
    described in the GCOS Implementation Plan
    (GCOS-92, available at http//ioc.unesco.org/oopc/
    )
  • It calls for sustained efforts in satellite and
    in situ ocean observing networks (including
    building to global coverage), data management,
    and product and analysis generation
  • Strong links with research programs need to be
    maintained, for data collection, observing system
    evaluation, new technology to improve the system,
    and so that the observing system can respond to
    new scientific questions

6
Implementation plans
  • GCOS IP accepted by the UNFCCC in Dec 2004, with
    a call for regular reporting of progress against
    the implementation goals
  • Accepted as a foundation for the GEO Climate
    societal benefit area
  • Accepted by JCOMM as a foundation for
    observations programme area planning
  • Excellent high-level acceptance, can we take
    advantage?

7
Observing networks status against agreed goals
for global coverage
February 2006
56
Total in situ networks
57
99
40
82
79
43
72
48
21
8
The role of OceanSITES
  • Outline of the areas where OceanSITES can take
    action to add to the system
  • coordination with JCOMM
  • coordination with JCOMMs Data Buoy Cooperation
    Panel
  • coordination with tsunami warning system
    observing plans
  • scientific activities to promote long time series
    observations

9
JCOMM vision
  • Integrated ocean observing system
  • Integrated data management
  • State-of-the-art technologies and Capabilities
  • New products and services
  • User responsiveness and interaction
  • Involvement of all maritime countries

10
JCOMM Structure
11
JCOMM Evaluation metrics
Observing System Status 2005, Q2. Sea Surface
Temperature
Goal 100 Global Coverage
Drifting Buoys Moored Buoys Ships Total
12
JCOMM Reporting
13
The role of OceanSITES (I JCOMM)
  • continue efforts to keep track of the system
  • what is in the water, what is planned, what will
    end
  • is the data available, and in a timely manner
  • how and by whom is the data being used
  • is the system responding to scientific goals

14
OceanSITES and DBCP
15
DBCP
  • established in 1985 ? part of the Observations
    Programme Area of the JCOMM since 2001.
  • Practical Achievements
  • Improvements in data quality and quantity
  • Formation of regional action groups
  • Establishment of effective QC procedures (QC
    monitoring network, QC system at Argos for data
    entering GTS )
  • Involvement of oceanographic community
  • Active forum for data buoy issues (Annual
    sessions, technical workshops and documents,
    Website and related discussion fora)

16
DBCP Regional Action Groups
17
Contribution to JCOMMOPS
DBCP
SOT (SOOPIP)
http//www.jcommops.org
Argo
  • support to programme planning, implementation,
    and operations
  • observational data requirements,
  • technology, instrumentation, and costs,
  • operational status of observing networks (e.g.
    identification of data sparse area),
  • deployment opportunities (by ship and air).
  • International coordination for oceanographic and
    marine observations

18
Challenges
  • Deployment opportunities and strategies
  • Re-seeding and enhancement of buoy networks
  • Involvement of new groups tsunami, OceanSITES
  • Ongoing financial support for technical
    coordinator
  • Vandalism
  • New chemical and bio sensors
  • New communications techniques and energy sources
  • Smart platforms

19
Deployment Maintenance
20
DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation
  • So far technical assistance through TC/DBCP
  • facilitating WMO number allocation
  • Argos data processing, GTS distribution
  • Assistance to TIP/TAO moorings (e.g. salinity
    processing from conductivity, temperature and
    depth, etc.)

21
DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation
  • for the future Data Management
  • (real-time and delayed mode) data accessibility
    by GTS distribution
  • ? New data management practices
  • Common approach to Metadata issue
  • JCOMM/OCG DBCP workshop for establishing a
    pilot project to collect in real time metadata
    from SST and temperature profile data (28-29
    March 2006, ECMWF, UK)

22
DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation
  • for the future Deployment Opportunities
    and Ship Time
  • Sharing common resources
  • Developing common strategy
  • Programme ? Programme
  • developing countries ? developed countries

23
DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation
  • for the future Standardization and
    Instrument issues
  • Mutual benefit from common standards when
    appropriate
  • Instrument calibration and validation
  • New sensor technologies

24
DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation
  • for the future Advocacy at National /
    Regional / Global levels
  • National / agency level coordination support
  • Enhancing collaboration with other DBCP action
    groups
  • Integration into the global plans of ocean
    observation such as GEOSS

25
Tsunami early warning systems
  • The coordination of tsunami early warning systems
    occurs via Intergovernmental Coordination Groups
    (ICGs) for the Pacific, Indian, and NE
    Atlantic/Mediterranean Seas, under the IOC, with
    help from other partners
  • Sea level data needed for these systems have
    resulted in ambitious plans for moored sensors,
    and coordination with other moored platforms is
    key

26
Tsunami ambitious plans
27
Tsunami ambitious plans
A conceptual network of deep ocean
gauges (advance extract from ICG/Indian Ocean
report)
28
Tsunami opportunities for coordination (III)
  • Platform sharing
  • Ship time coordination
  • Technology sharing
  • Communications
  • An International Tsunameter Partnership for deep
    ocean gauges has been proposed. The concept will
    be further explored at the meeting of the
    ICG/Pacific Ocean (tentatively early May 2006,
    Melbourne, Australia)

29
Tsunami observations national focal points
  • Coordination at the national level is necessary
  • Australia Mr. K. Jarrott (Vice-chair)
  • India Mr. K. Prem Kumar
  • Indonesia Wahyu Pandoe
  • Malaysia Mr Alui Bin Bahari
  • Thailand Captain Witoon Tantigoon
  • Tanzania Mr Shigalla Mahongo
  • USA Dr Eddie Bernard
  • Germany Dr. Joern Lanterjung
  • Kenya Mr Ali Mafimbo Juma
  • Chile Captain Rodrigo Nuñez

30
The role of OceanSITES (IV)
  • continue to build the scientific case for long
    multidisciplinary time series
  • continue publication of comparisons of time
    series with climatologies and climate products
  • publicize the availability of data to other
    researchers
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