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Ancient Rome - Regents Review

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Pax Romana Stands for Peace in Rome 207 year time period Population= 60-80 million Size of Empire= 3 million sq. miles Starts with Augustus Daily Life in Rome ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome - Regents Review


1
Rome
2
The Legacy of Rome
  • Republic Government
  • Roman Law
  • Latin Language
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • City Planning
  • Romanesque Architectural Style
  • Roman Engineering
  • Aqueducts
  • Sewage systems
  • Dams
  • Cement
  • Arch

3
The Geography of Rome
4
The History of Ancient Italy
5
Italy in 750 BCE
6
Influence of the Etruscans
  • Writing
  • Religion
  • The Arch

7
Etruscans Contd
  • Very Influenced by Greeks. Had City-states.
  • Men and Women seen as equals
  • Aristocratic Society.
  • Ruled over Rome (city-state at the time)
  • About 509 B.C. the Romans (patricians) run off
    Tarquin the Proud.
  • Vow to never have a Monarchy again.
  • Set up a Republic

8
The Mythical Founding of Rome Romulus Remus
9
Romulus and Remus
  • 2 twin brothers. Mother was a Vestile Virgin.
  • Jealous Uncle got rid of them.
  • Raised by She-Wolf.
  • Go back and kill uncle.
  • Set out to build city where they were found by
    she-wolf.
  • Find 7 hills.
  • Romulus kills Remus following a feud.
  • Romulus is 1st king of Rome.
  • Story Legend? or True?

10
The Roman Republic 509 BCE - 27 BCE
11
Republican Government
2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome)
Senate (Representative body for
patricians) Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
12
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
  • Providing political and social rights for the
    plebeians.

13
The Roman Forum
14
Romes Early Road System
15
Roman Roads
16
Roman Aqueducts
17
The Roman Colosseum
18
The Colosseum Interior
19
Circus Maximus
20
Carthaginian Empire
21
Punic Wars
  • Series of 3 different Wars
  • 1st was 264- 241 B.C.
  • Fought over the island of SICILY.
  • Rome had no Navy, but copied a stolen Carthage
    ship into their own fleet. Added the Corvus to
    it.
  • Romes navy will conquer in the end
  • Rome gets Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica
  • 2nd was 218- 202 B.C.
  • Hannibal great leader of the Carthagenians
  • Defeated by Scipio.
  • Carthage ceded Spain to Rome, paid war tax, limit
    fleet to 10 ships
  • 3rd was 146 145 B.C.
  • Romans totally destroy Carthage. Pour salt on
    ground.
  • Nothing to grow there.
  • Became part of Rome

22
Hannibals Route
23
Reform Leaders
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
  • the poor should be given grain and small plots of
    free land.
  • Both are killed for their reforms

Military Reformer
  • Gaius Marius
  • recruited an army from the poor and homeless.
  • professional standing army.
  • People owed allegience to him and not Rome

24
The First Triumvirate
  • Julius Caesar
  • Marcus Licinius Crassus
  • Gaius Magnus Pompey

25
Civil War Dictators
Julius Caesar
Pompey
26
Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC
The Die is Cast!
27
Julius Caesar Notes
  • Joined forces with Crassus and Pompey 1st
    Triumverate.
  • Served 1 year as consul, then Governor of Gaul
  • Great General Loyalty of men
  • Pompey becomes Jealous Crassus Dies.
  • Senate orders Caesar to come home.
  • Pompey and Caesar battle. Caesar wins 44 B.C.
  • Dictator for life in 44 B.C.
  • Fed the poor gave jobs gave land
  • Had an affair with Cleopatra in Egypt
  • Senators feared his rise to power.

28
Beware the Ides of March! 15 44 BCE
60 Senators decide to kill Caesar. Main men
Brutus Et Tu Brute!?
29
The Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian Augustus
  • Marc Antony
  • Marcus Lepidus

30
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
31
Octavian Augustus Romes First Emperor
32
The First Roman Dynasty
33
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
34
Pax Romana
  • Stands for Peace in Rome
  • 207 year time period
  • Population 60-80 million
  • Size of Empire 3 million sq. miles
  • Starts with Augustus

35
Daily Life in Rome
  • Eldest Male Paterfamilia.could disown children,
    sell into slavery, banish family members
  • Women had many rights but cant vote
  • Noble boys school graduate at 16
  • Women married between 12-15yrs. Old
  • Coliseum 50,000 people
  • Circus Maximus 300,000 people

36
Daily Life Contd
  • Slaves made to fight Gladiator style
  • Honored gods and goddesses of Greeks different
    names
  • Rich people ate Ostrich and parrot tongue pie!?
  • Poor were given rations of grain
  • 150 days a year were holidays
  • Poor offered free games and gladiator fights
    kept them distracted
  • Christianity begins to filter into empire

37
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
38
The Rise of Christianity
39
Christianity Basic Beliefs
  • Embraced all people
  • Gave hope to the powerless
  • Appealed to those who did not like extravagances
    of Rome
  • Personal relationship with God
  • Promised eternal life after death

40
Beginnings of Christianity
  • Romans allowed to worship as they wished as long
    as they honored Roman Gods and the Emperor.
    Contradicts Christianity
  • Zealots(Jewish) only wanted to worship their
    God. Fought against Romans
  • Romans destroy their Temple except for Western
    Wall Wailing Wall
  • Jews banned from Jerusalem
  • Religion spreads with Jesus of Nazareth

41
Christianity Contd
  • Jesus traveled countryside teaching to love God
    above all else and to love others
  • Roman Govt feared Jesus and arrest and Crucify
    him
  • After his death, Jesus arose and walked the
    earth, appearing to followers before ascending
    into heaven.

42
Timeline of Christianity
  • 6 B.C. Jesus born
  • 1A.D.-----First year in Christian calendar (a.d.
    anno Domini)
  • 27-29 A.D.? John the Baptist begins ministry
  • 27-34 A.D. ? Jesus baptized by John the Baptist
  • 33-34 A.D. John the Baptist arrested and killed
    by Herod Antipas
  • 33-36 A.D. Jesus' ministry
  • 36 A.D. Jesus crucified, Friday, March 30th,
    Last Supper would have been Thursday evening.
  • 100 A.D. Roman Law outlaws Christianity
  • 300 A.D. Roman Law accepts Christianity again
  • 312 A.D. Constantine gets baptized on his
    deathbed (Edict of Milan)
  • 391 A.D. Theodosius makes Christianity official
    religion of Rome.

43
Roman Palestine
44
The Beginnings of Christianity in Bethlehem
45
Jesus Mission
Baptism
Agony in the Garden
Crucifixion
46
St. Paul Apostle to the Gentiles
47
St. Paul Apostle to the Gentiles
48
The Spread of Christianity
49
Imperial Roman Road System
50
The Empire in Crisis 3c
51
Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two 294 CE
52
Constantine 312 - 337
53
Constantinople The 2nd Rome (Founded in 330)
54
Barbarian Invasions 4c-5c
55
Attila the Hun The Scourge of God
56
Byzantium The Eastern Roman Empire
57
The Byzantine Empire During the Reign of Justinian
58
The Byzantine Emperor Justinian
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