Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia Section 2 - The Rise of Russia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and Russia Section 2 - The Rise of Russia


1
Chapter 10 The Byzantine Empire and
RussiaSection 2 - The Rise of Russia
2
  • The Story Continues
  • The people who came to rule Russia were first
    mentioned in historical records in A.D. 860. In
    that year they launched a fierce surprise attack
    against the city of Constantinople. The
    unexpectedness of the incursion attack and its
    extraordinary speed . . . , recalled one
    Byzantine leader, prove that this blow has been
    sent from heaven like a thunderbolt. Although
    the attack was unsuccessful, the Byzantines would
    not soon forget this fighting force.

3
I. The Setting and People
  • A large plain stretches across eastern Europe
  • and central Asia from the Carpathian to the
  • Ural Mountains

4
I. The Setting and People
  • In the south is the steppe, a grassy and
  • mostly treeless area with fertile soil

5
I. The Setting and People
  • North of the steppe is the forested taiga, which
  • has long, cold winters and a short growing
  • season

6
I. The Setting and People
  • In the east, dividing Europe and Asia, are the
  • Ural Mountains

7
I. The Setting and People
  • There are many rivers, some flowing into the
  • Black Sea, that provide transportation
  • networks

8
I. The Setting and People
  • The area has been inhabited since Neolithic
  • times

European Late Neolithic (c. 3500 BCE), showing
the main cultures
9
I. The Setting and People
  • After the A.D. 400s, Slavs settled in eastern
  • Europe but were often invaded by the Avars,
  • Huns, and Magyars

10
I. The Setting and People
  • During the A.D. 800s Vikings invaded, seeking
  • to extend their trade routes with cities such as
  • Novgorod and Kiev

11
II. Kievan Russia
  • Rurik, the leader of a people called the Rus,
  • took control of Novgorod in the A.D. 800s

Rurik, Grand Prince of Kiev Born circa 800 Died
in 879
12
II. Kievan Russia
  • Rurik ruled over Kiev and the Slavic tribes and
  • the region under their control was called the
  • Rus

13
II. Kievan Russia
  • Kiev, the capital, was on the trade route
  • between Constantinople and the Baltic Sea

14
II. Kievan Russia
  • Areas in Kievan Russia were led by princes
  • who governed with the advice of councils of
  • boyars

15
II. Kievan Russia
  • Yaroslav I (Yaroslav the Wise) ruled in the
  • A.D. 1000s, built many churches, and
  • introduced Russias first law code

2 grivnas with the image of Yaroslav the Wise.
The grivna has been the national currency of
Ukraine since 1996
16
II. Kievan Russia
  • The law code, Pravda Russkia, combined
  • Slavic tribal customs with older laws and
  • traditions

Russkaya Pravda being read to people
17
II. Kievan Russia
  • In the mid-900s, Vladimir I became impressed
  • with the Eastern Orthodox Church in
  • Constantinople

Vladimir I the Grand Duke of Kiev
18
II. Kievan Russia
  • Vladimir converted to Christianity and ordered
  • all Kievans to become Christians

Vladimir having his subjects baptized
Saint Vladimir
19
II. Kievan Russia
  • The Byzantine church became an important
  • force and monasteries became centers of
  • religious thought, social service, and the arts

Saint Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia
20
II. Kievan Russia
  • The clergy were very important and had much
  • influence over daily life

Russian Orthodox clergy carrying icons in a
procession in commemoration of Saints Cyril and
Methodius, the founders of the Cyrillic alphabet
21
II. Kievan Russia
  • Religious themes dominated Kievan culture in
  • writing, icons, mosaics, and frescoes

Icon of St. Nicholas, the
miracle worker
Mosaic of St. Demetrius
22
II. Kievan Russia
  • Kievan Russia traded with the Byzantines, and
  • trade built Kievan Russia into a strong,
  • wealthy society

23
II. Kievan Russia
  • Social classes emerged - princes at the top,
  • followed by the boyars, artisans, merchants
  • and the peasants
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