Beslan School Hostage Crisis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Beslan School Hostage Crisis PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6a4188-Yjc5N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Beslan School Hostage Crisis

Description:

Chen Yun Marcel Wong Edward Neo Toh Zheng Xiang BESLAN SCHOOL HOSTAGE CRISIS REASONS Historical Factors Chechnya conflict has been on since the 18th century when the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:16
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 9 September 2019
Slides: 30
Provided by: ChenY150
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Beslan School Hostage Crisis


1
Beslan School Hostage Crisis
  • Chen Yun
  • Marcel Wong
  • Edward Neo
  • Toh Zheng Xiang

2
REASONS
  • Historical Factors
  • Chechnya conflict has been on since the 18th
    century when the Russian czar attempted to take
    over the region
  • In 1944, Chechen people were deported to Central
    Asia and Siberia by Stalin, under suspicion that
    the Chechen collaborated with Nazi to overthrow
    the Soviets.

3
REASONS
  • Geopolitical and Economic Factors
  • Chechnya is a region with abundant natural gas,
    limestone, gypsum, sulfur and most importantly,
    oil. Chechnya is also a key site to connecting
    the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea, makes Chechnya
    a significant juncture for oil pipelines.
  • Russian presence gives the ability to interfere
    and make profit with Chechnya's oil industry,
    which would be the motivation for suppressing
    Chechnya's struggle for independence.

4
1991 COLLAPSE OF USSR
5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
THE USSR IS SPLIT INTO 11 INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES
8
1993 ESTABLISHMENT OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION
9
RUSSIA BECAME A FEDERATION IN 1993, WITH 89
FEDERAL SUBJECTS (83 AFTER 2008 MERGERS)
10
THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC (CHECHNYA) IS ONE OF THESE
STATES (20)
11
INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT
  • An independence movement in Chechnya the
    All-National Congress of the Chechen People,
    rallied for the recognition of Chechenya as an
    independent nation in 1991
  • The Russian Federation opposed this
  • Yeltsin sent 40,000 troops to Chechnya in 1994
    and took control of Chechnya's capital Grozny in
    March 1995 after a bloody war.

12
1994 1996 FIRST CHECHEN WAR
13
FIRST CHECHEN WAR
  • Russian forces attempted to prevent Chechnya from
    seceding in 1994
  • However, fierce resistance by the rebels and
    costly strategic defeats ultimately led to the
    signing of the 1996 ceasefire and subsequently
    the 1997 peace treaty
  • Thus, Chechnya gained sovereignty

14
INTER-WAR PERIOD
15
INTERWAR PERIOD
  • Chechnya struggled to maintain sovereignty and
    rebuild its infrastructure
  • Russia helped it by sending money, but most of it
    were taken by authorities and warlords
  • Its economy remained devastated, and kidnapping,
    political violence and Islamic extremism were
    widespread

16
INTERWAR PERIOD
  • Chechnya-based Islamic extremists carried out
    apartment bombings in Moscow and invaded the
    Russian republic of Dagestan in 1999 to aid
    separatist rebels
  • The invasion is crushed and the above events
    became the Russian justification for the Second
    Chechen War

17
1999 PRESENT SECOND CHECHEN WAR
18
  • In September 1999 Russia responded by sending
    100,000 troops and taking over most of Chechnya.
  • In 2000, and Russian President Vladimir Putin
    declared rule over Chechnya, appointing Akhmad
    Kadyrov as leader of Chechnya.
  • However, insurgency in that area continued to
    this day

19
SECOND CHECHEN WAR
  • Attacking the town of Gudermes in 2001
  • Killing Russian officers and shooting down
    helicopters in 2002
  • Seizing a Moscow theater, and suicide bombing in
    2002 and 2003.

20
2004 BESLAN SCHOOL HOSTAGE CRISIS
21
DAY 1 1ST SEPTEMBER 2004
  • The terrorists storm School Number One (SNO) in
    Beslan
  • This date is chosen because it is the start of
    the school year where new pupils are welcomed
  • 1200 people are taken hostage in the gym
  • Explosives are placed around the school
  • Russian forces surround the school
  • Negotiations with the terrorists fail

22
DAY 2 2ND SEPTEMBER 2004
  • Second round of negotiations begin
  • Negotiations fail again, but babies and their
    mothers are released
  • Terrorists fire 2 RPG rounds at the security
    forces
  • Food, water and medicine are delivered to the
    hostages after continued negotiations throughout
    the night

23
DAY 3 3RD SEPTEMBER 2004
  • Attackers allow medical workers to retrieve dead
    bodies, but fire on them when they approach the
    building
  • Two explosives are detonated in the gym, killing
    and wounding many and partially destroying one
    wall.
  • Fleeing woman and children are shot and killed.
    Only 30 manage to escape.

24
DAY 3 3RD SEPTEMBER 2004
  • Russian forces, including the Spetsnaz and
    several T-72 tanks proceed to attack the
    terrorists.
  • Civilians used as human shields are killed by the
    Russian forces in the attack

25
AFTERMATH
  • A total of 334 hostages are killed, of which 186
    of them are children
  • 27 of the terrorists are killed, and 3 of them
    are taken alive
  • At least 50 people from the security forces are
    dead
  • Hundreds more are wounded severely, resulting in
    permanent disablilities

26
Significance
27
Time
  • September 1st
  • Start of the Russian school year, referred to as
    "First September" or Day of Knowledge
  • Parents and other relatives accompanied the child
    to attend school ceremonies

28
Location
  • Chose to attack School Number One (SNO), one of 7
    schools in Beslan
  • Nur-Pashi Kulayev claimed attack was designed for
    maximum outrage with the purpose of igniting a
    wider war in the Caucasus

29
The End
About PowerShow.com