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Geography of Europe

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Geography of Europe Ch. 9.1 Study the geography of the Europe and the Eurasian land mass, including its location, topography, waterways, vegetation, and climate and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography of Europe


1
Geography of Europe
  • Ch. 9.1
  • Study the geography of the Europe and the
    Eurasian land mass, including its location,
    topography, waterways, vegetation, and climate
    and their relationship to ways of life in
    Medieval Europe.

2
I. Location
3
Europe Asia
Eurasia is the large landmass that includes
both Europe and Asia.
4
Label EURASIA in LARGE CAPITAL BLUE LETTERS
over your map
5
Ural Mountains The Great Divide
1500 miles
The Ural Mountains are the boundary between the
two continents.
6
The Ural Mountains
7
Label the Ural Mountainsand draw mountains
8
II. Topography
9
  • Topography is the shape and elevation of land in
    a region.

10
Southern Europe
11
Southern Europe is covered mainly by mountain
ranges.
Caucasus
Pyrennes
Carpathians
Alps
Apennines
12
The Alps cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and
parts of Italy and France.
Some peaks in the Alps reach higher than 15,000
feet!
13
Mt. Blanc in the Alps
Highest mountain in the Alps 15,771 feet
14
Label the Alps and draw mountains
15
The Caucasus Mountains
The origin of the word Caucasian.
16
Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains
Home of Vlad Tepeš, the Drakul (Count
Dracula)
17
Northern Europe
18
Northern Europe is much flatter and is called the
Northern European Plain
Stretches from Atlantic Ocean in the west to the
Ural Mountains in the east
19
Northern Europe is covered with thick forests and
many types of trees.
20
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21
Northern British Isles and Scandanavia
Scandinavian Peninsula
Many peninsulas that give Europe a very long,
jagged coastline
22
III. Climate
23
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24
Southern Europe largely warm and sunny climate
allows shrubs and trees that dont need a lot of
water.
25
Northwestern Europe mild and cooler,
wetter climate bring freezing weather in the
winter where few plants can survive
26
1. Label Southern Europe with a sun2. Label
Northern Europe with snowflakes
27
IV. Waterways
28
  • Many of Europes rivers are in the Northern
    European Plain
  • Some important rivers are the Danube, Thames,
    Rhine, Rhone, Ural, Volga, Ebro
  • The snow in the southern mountains melts and
    flows out over the plain on its way to the
    northward sea.

Rivers
Volga R.
Don R.
Thames R.
Elbe R.
Vistula R.
Oder R.
Rhine R.
Dnieper R.
Seine R.
Loire R.
Danube R.
Po R.
Tagus R.
Tiber R.
Ebro R.
29
The Danube River
1770 miles
30
The Danube River
Where Buda Pest Meet
Biking Along the Danube
Flows through the 12 countries of Germany,
Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria,
Romania, and the Ukraine.
31
The Volga River
The longest river in Europe --gt 2,300 miles.
32
The Volga River

33
Label these rivers and trace them in blue.
  • Danube
  • Thames
  • Volga

34
V. Vegetation
35
Vegetation How geography shapes life
  • Southern Europe Most people lived on coastal
    plains (similar to Japan) or in river valleys
    (like Africa) where the land was flat enough to
    farm
  • Grapes and olives were grown that could survive
    the regions dry summers
  • People raise sheep and goats
  • Many people became traders and seafarers

36
Southern Europe
  • Draw grapes and olives along the Southern coast
  • 2. Add goats and sheep
  • 3. Now, draw boats to represent the traders and
    seafarers

37
Northern Europe Most people lived farther from
the sea and most towns grew along the river.
Paris, right bank of the Seine
London on the Thames
Prague on the Vltava
Budapest on the Danube
38
Northern Europe
  • Draw small houses near the river to represent
    where people lived.

39
VI. The Big Idea
40
VI. The Big Idea
  • The river provides transportation and protection
  • Farmers grew many crops
  • No mountains surrounded northern Europe making it
    easy to invade

41
VII. Checking for Understanding
42
Checking for Understanding
  • What is the boundary between Europe and Asia?
  • Where are most of Europes rivers located?
  •  
  • How is the topography of southern Europe
    different from that of the Northern European
    Plain?
  • What part of Europe do you think was open to
    more invasions? Why?
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