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Europeana and EuropeanaLocal the role of local and regional digital cultural content in the Europeana service

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Title: Europeana and EuropeanaLocal the role of local and regional digital cultural content in the Europeana service


1
Europeana and EuropeanaLocal the role of local
and regional digital cultural content in the
Europeana service
  • VSMM 2008 workshop
  • Infrastructure for Digitized Cultural Content in
    Europe
  • 24 October 2008
  • Rob Davies,
  • Scientific Co-ordinator
  • EuropeanaLocal

2
Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI)http//ec.europ
a.eu/information_society/activities/digital_librar
ies/index_en.htm
  • Flagship project of i2010
  • Letter by six Heads of State and Government to
    the European Commission (2005)
  • Advocated creation of a virtual European library
  • Aiming to make Europes cultural and scientific
    records accessible to all
  • Positive response from the Commission
  • Outline strategy Communication "i2010 Digital
    Libraries"
  • Communication on access to scientific
    information in the digital age (2007)

3
Focus of the DLI
  • Make Europe's rich and diverse cultural and
    scientific heritage easier and more interesting
    to use online
  • for work, leisure and/or study
  • books, films, maps, photographs, music, etc
  • Combine multicultural and multilingual
    environments with technological advances and new
    business models
  • Two strands
  • Cultural heritage
  • build a common European Digital Library
  • Scientific heritage
  • ensure current and future access for research and
    innovation purposes .

4
Predecessor infrastructural projects
  • TEL (The European Library)
  • Collaborative platform of 48 CENL national
    libraries
  • Managed by The European Library Office, KL
    Netherlands
  • Free searching, object level, standardised
    metadata, multilingual access
  • Sequence of projects ((IST, eContentplus) 2003-
  • Each bringing in more national libraries and
    advancing technically
  • MICHAEL/MICHAELPLus (2004-8)
  • Driven mainly by Ministries of Culture
  • Funded under e-Ten
  • Access to collection descriptions
  • Research projects (FP6/ICT)
  • DELOS, BRICKS, QVIZ and more

5
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6
  • For the users it is not important whether the
    sources of knowledge and experience are kept by
    archives, libraries or museums, but to get access
    to the sources they want, and to be able to use
    these sources across types of sources and sectors
    of institutions.

7
The roadmap to a European Digital Library
  • End of 2006 full collaboration among EU National
    Libraries
  • From 2007 collaboration to be expanded to
    Archives, Museums and Audiovisual Archives
  • November 2007 EDL Foundation in place
  • major European associations of archives,
    audiovisual archives, museums and libraries as
    founders
  • 2,000,000 books, films, photographs, manuscripts,
    and other cultural works accessible by 2008
  • At least 6,000,000 works by 2010

8
EDL Foundation
EURBICA FIAT ACE EMF CENL LIBER MICHAEL KB ICOM Europe CERL INA BA European Regional Branch of Intl. Council on Archives Intl. Fed. of Television Archives Association Cinémathèques Europeennes European Museums Forum Conference of European National Librarians Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche Multilingual Inventory of Cultural Heritage in Europe National Library of The Netherlands International Council of Museums Europe Consortium of European Research Libraries Institut Audiovisuel, France Bundesarchiv, Germany
9
Europeana
  • Thematic Network Europeana.Net (2007-9)
  • Establish trust between the institutions
  • Create the organisational structure for Europeana
  • Tackle domain interoperability issues (standards)
  • Propose a practical implementation/prototype
  • Business model
  • Annual cost 3.6 million EUR
  • EC projects national ministries site revenue
  • Item or object level
  • Make recommendations for future research

10
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11
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12
European Commission commitment
  • New project cluster under eContent
    (already/about to be under contract)
  • Europeana Local (began June 2008)
  • Athena
  • European Film Gateway
  • Apenet (national archives)
  • New projects coming under eContentplus and CIP
  • EuropeanaV1, EuropeanaConnect (under negotiation)
  • etc

13
EuropeanaLocal (2008-11)
  • Best Practice Network under eContentplus
  • Digital content sourced by regional/local
    libraries, museums, archives
  • Local content infrastructure for harvesting and
    indexing metadata (objects stay on original
    sites)
  • OAI-PMH repositories
  • Europe wide network of repositories/
    aggregations
  • map existing metadata to Europeana Metadata
    Application Profile
  • local vocabularies SKOSified
  • Large pilot implementation covering every member
    state

14
Basic facts
  • Duration 36 months
  • Began June 2008
  • Budget 4.3 million Euro (80 funded)
  • 1031 Person-months in total
  • 32 Partners
  • 39 Deliverables

15
EuropeanaLocal key objectives
  • Improve interoperability of digital content held
    by regional and local museums, libraries and
    archives
  • Improve availability for access and use
  • estimated 20 million items identified initially
    by partners
  • prove the value of local/regionally sourced
    content
  • promote digitisation of local/regional content
  • Support sensible levels of aggregation
  • digital libraries, cultural portals etc
  • establish easy processes for plugging in
    content/metadata
  • Integrated Europeana prototype service including
    EuropeanaLocal content
  • available to other services tourism, education,
    family history, research, regional and national
    portals etc

16
Europeana content holders
17
Important local content types
  • Items and collections of high cultural value
    (treasures) held at local or regional level
  • Specific local collections held by libraries,
    museums and archives, local audio-visual archives
  • Images high in the mix
  • Public domain cultural records held by archives
    etc.
  • Promote content contribution from local
    communities
  • More digitisation needed for full representation
    of all localities

18
EuropeanaLocal content provider partners
  • One per member state
  • Each responsible for content from several
    organisations/regions
  • National institutions ONLY included as
    aggregators of local content not their own
    collections
  • 1 Ministry of Culture
  • 2 national libraries
  • 2 national museums
  • 3 national cultural agencies
  • 5 regional cultural authorities
  • 7 public libraries
  • 1 local museum
  • 1 research foundation
  • 1 regional digital library provider
  • 7 private sector organisations

19
Variable starting points
  • Advanced practice among EuropeanaLocal partners
    in implementing digital libraries, portals,
    OAI-PMH etc
  • France, Norway, Poland, Spain, UK etc
  • Limited progress to date
  • Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Romania etc
  • Spectrum from somewhat centralised to very
    regional/local
  • Centralised initiatives seldom have full country
    coverage
  • Europeana target for national portal aggregations
    is 14 member states by 2012
  • Currently 6 or 7 underway?
  • Collection level or item level?
  • EuropeanaLocal phased approach

20
Contributing content not straightforward
i2010
TEL-ME-MOR
Standards
Michael
Legacy databases
Ministries of Culture
Minerva
TEL
Collections
TELplus
Resources
Europeana
IPR
EDLocal
Metadata
SKOS
Committee of Regions
XML/HTTP
National initiatives
Items
Regional Cps
Application profiles
Local Cps
National Cps
Content
Metadata harvesting
Thematic networks
EDLnet
Mining
OCR
Commission
EDL Foundation
Authentication
Meta noise
Syndication/RSS/Atom
Web 2.0
OWL
OAI-PMH
Fedora
SemanticWeb
Blogs
Web Services
Ontologies
Business models
Greenstone
Google
Future services
AJAX
Controlled vocabularies
Tagging
RDF
Participation
IPR
DSpace
WIKIs
Collabularies
Geography
Open Source
Payment
Search engines
XML/HTTP
Folksonomies
Deep content
Multi-lingual services
Taxonomies
21
Content migration process steps
22
Main stages
  • Kick off meeting, London 26/7 June
  • Analyse content available, metadata and
    infrastructures in use
  • themes?
  • Europeana sets up parallel test environment
  • index harvested EuropeanaLocal content
  • implement Europeana interface developments on
    content
  • Guidance on installing repositories
  • support for implementation where necessary
  • Fedora, DSpace, Greenstone, LMS etc
  • Import from existing databases to OAI-PMH
    repositories
  • automate metadata conversion?
  • Transform vocabularies to improve semantics

23
Main stages (2)
  • Regional training workshops and technical
    help/support
  • Local implementation planning
  • Move towards sensible levels of aggregation
  • low entrance barrier for new content suppliers to
    join
  • Promote low-cost digitisation
  • (e.g. Minerva guidelines)
  • Policy/dissemination work
  • National Meetings
  • website
  • Evaluation and progress monitoring
  • user perspective, national user groups, impact
    study

24
How to persuade local institutions to contribute?
25
Open Archive Initiative
26
Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE)
  • Metadata defined to match specific functionality
    of prototype
  • Mixture of simple DC plus some qualifiers 2 new
    elements
  • Shown by (URI)
  • Shown at a way of showing object in full
    context (needed e.g. for archives, treasures
    which may be embedded not just jpeg)
  • User tag public tags created by registered
    users
  • No mandatory Europeana application profile
    proposed yet
  • data used with existing schemas TEL application
    profile, DC (simple, qualified), MODS,METS. EAD,
    proprietary
  • mapping and conversion done in-house at Europeana
  • Longer term scalability
  • will require decentralisation?
  • automation of metadata conversion either at
    aggregator or central level?

27
Metadata enrichment
Mainly manually entered but also process text to
look for person names
Difficult to get disambiguous temporal metadata
but possible
Similar technology as is applied by search
engines, extracting keywords and assigning
relevance according to frequency
Coverage is specified in any number of ways such
as geographical names, administrative entities
and coordinates. Need geo-metadata
28
Multilingual Information Access in Europeana
  • Goal providing the same level of discoverability
    to users regardless of their language
  • Europeana reviewing research to draw upon in next
    phase
  • Gap analysis results in January
  • STITCH, Telplus, CACAO, Telplus (subject
    headings), Multimatch
  • Need to progress multilingual search and
    retrieval on metadata in context, more automated
  • Full text discovery is improving with
    developments in machine translation etc
  • Need repositories of online dictionaries
    parsers, stemmers
  • some languages dont have
  • Commitment to SKOS as a tool
  • ,

29
OAI-ORE
  • Interest in object models for Europeana V1
  • Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) specs Oct 17
  • Object surrogates
  • provide foundation for applications and services
    that can visualize, preserve, transfer,
    summarize, and improve access to the
    aggregations that people use in their daily Web
    interaction
  • Leverage the core web architecture
  • Potentially interactive not just one way like
    OAI-PMH
  • Data may need reindexing
  • Parallel running with OAI-PMH

30
Future steps
  • Prototype launched to EC, Council of Ministers,
    19/20 Nov
  • Europeana VI delivers first release early 2010
  • Institutions/aggregators use ESE till then
  • Locally-implemented processes for metadata
    enrichment?
  • Integrate complementary infrastructure and
    standards
  • Semantic web
  • RSS/ATOM,
  • Language
  • Place/geography
  • Social networks
  • Collection identification
  • Rights expression (C20 black hole)
  • Persistent identifiers

31
  • www.europeanalocal.eu
  • rob.davies_at_mdrpartners com
  • sjoerd.siebinga_at_kb.nl
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