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NWSSIP and the way forward

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NWSSIP and the way forward Coordination, harmonization and alignment in the water sector Meeting of NWSSIP Signatories Sana a, 27th September 2005 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NWSSIP and the way forward


1
NWSSIP and the way forward Coordination,
harmonization and alignment in the water sector
Meeting of NWSSIP Signatories Sanaa, 27th
September 2005 Royal Netherlands Embassy Ton
Negenman RNE First Embassy Secretary
Water Gerhard Redecker Director KfW Office Sanaa
Quo vadis?
2
NWSSIP and the way forward
Part 1 Coordination efforts in the sector
3
NWSSIP and the way forward Relevance of the
donor support declaration of Jan 2005
  • Honored national efforts and ownership
  • Aligned donors to strategic elements and visions
    and highlighted important policy issues
  • Called for strong sector leadership and effective
    partnership
  • Contributed significantly to NWSSIPs approval by
    Council of Ministers in May 2005
  • Opened a window of opportunity for increased
    sector contributions by the GoY
  • Pointed the way to a harmonized sector support

4
NWSSIP and the way forward Key messages of the
donor support declaration of Jan 2005
  • Through the Declaration of Support the
    signatories wish to express the high importance
    they attach to a strong leadership role of the
    Government of Yemen in the co-ordination of the
    assistance to NWSSIP, and declare their readiness
    to assist the Government in building its capacity
    in that respect
  • The signatories seek to forge much closer
    donor-government and donor-donor coordination and
    urge the Government to set an agenda for
    co-ordinating, harmonizing and aligning
    assistance to the sector based on NWSSIP

5
NWSSIP and the way forward Donor structure in
the water sanitation sector
6
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (1)
  • Donor local coordination (DLC) (proposal)
  • Entrusted to donor core group (WB-NL-G)
  • Alternates between RNE and KfW every 6 months
  • First round assigned to RNE, starting September
    2005
  • NWSSIP declaration signatories mandate DLC / DCG
    for sector dialogue
  • DLC / DCG keeps NWSSIP declaration signatories
    and wider donor group informed
  • DLC liaises with MWE, agrees with MWE on
    donor-government meeting agenda
  • DLC spearheads policy dialogue leading to SWAp in
    the water sector

7
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (2)
  • Donor core group (DCG)
  • Enshrines the local donor coordination role
  • Meets monthly and on call, so far 2 times
  • Receives proposals for agenda from all interested
    parties
  • Distributes minutes of meeting
  • Liaises with MWE and related authorities
  • Invites resource persons for theme specific
    meetings
  • Coordinates information exchange on incoming
    missions
  • Ensures distribution of relevant documents for
    reference or comments (TOR, studies, proposals,
    strategies etc)

8
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (3)
  • NWSSIP declaration signatories (NDS)
  • Meet every 6 months
  • DLC receives proposals for agenda from all
    interested parties
  • DLC prepares agenda and distributes invitations
  • DLC / DCG or invited resource persons make
    presentations on specific issues of interest
  • DLC acts as secretary and moderator
  • DLC prepares and distributes minutes of meeting

9
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (4)
  • GoY - extended donor group (EDG)
  • Meetings every 6 months (alternating with NDS
    meetings)
  • MWE invites and sets agenda, venue MWE
  • Dpty. Min. WS acts as secretary, prepares and
    distributes minutes of meeting
  • Participation of MoPIC and MoF, eventually MAI
  • Information exchange platform for sector
    developments and specific project issues
  • Link to overall harmonization and alignment

10
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (5)
  • Sub-sector Working Groups
  • Rural Water and Sanitation (RWS)
  • Active since 2002
  • Hosted by GARWSP or alternating venue
  • Chaired by GARWSP
  • Includes donors, public authorities, local
    authorities, NGOs and private sector institutions
    and enterprises
  • Clear focus on coordination and information in
    relation to active projects and contributions
  • Detailed TOR available

11
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (6)
  • Sub-sector Working Groups
  • Integrated Water Resources Management Group
    (IWRG)
  • First meeting on 28th September 2005
  • Hosted by GTZ, later alternating venue
  • Chaired by NWRA
  • Includes donors, public authorities, local
    authorities, NGOs and private sector institutions
    and enterprises
  • Clear focus on coordination and information in
    relation to active projects and contributions
  • Detailed TOR under revision

12
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (7)
  • Sub-sector Working Groups
  • Urban Water and Sanitation Group (UWS)
  • Creation envisaged for end of 2005
  • Hosted by KfW/GTZ, later alternating venue
  • Chaired by MWE and / or NWSA
  • Includes donors, public authorities, local
    authorities, NGOs and private sector institutions
    and enterprises
  • Clear focus on coordination and information in
    relation to active projects and contributions
  • Detailed TOR still not defined

13
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (8)
  • Yemen Groundwater Forum (YGF)
  • Creation envisaged for November 2005
  • Alternating venue
  • Rotating chair, secretary provided by NWRA
  • Includes donors, public authorities, local
    authorities, NGOs, private sector institutions
    and enterprises, research institutions, water
    resource practitioners
  • Focus on networking, information exchange
    platform, policy debate, sector observation and
    evaluation
  • Detailed TOR being elaborated need clear
    distinction from IWRG

14
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (9)
  • Capacity Building Committee (HRD)
  • Creation proposed by MWE in June 2005
  • Chair and venue MWE
  • Assessment / inventory of sector-wide capacity
    building / HRD / Training / staff development
    efforts
  • Development of an integrated sector HRD concept
    and strategy, incl. potential for a training fund
  • Follow-up on HRD effectiveness
  • Includes donors and MWE with its related
    authorities
  • First activity (assessment / inventory) entrusted
    to GTZ

15
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (10)
  • Thematic Working Group Water (TWG)
  • Formally attached to MoPIC Millennium Project
    Unit
  • So far limited action (MDG needs assessment for
    water and sanitation sector)
  • Otherwise poor performance and lack of systematic
    guidance and follow-up
  • Needs reorientation and redefinition of terms of
    reference

16
NWSSIP and the way forward Arrangements for
donor coordination in the water sector (11)
  • Development Partnership Group (DPG)
  • Initiative of AHA-Unit in MoPIC
  • So far no clear vision or objective
  • Needs harmonization with all other sector related
    coordination efforts to avoid duplication and
    redundancies
  • Potential complement or substitute for
    non-operational TWG

17
NWSSIP and the way forward
Part 2 Key issues of sector dialogue
18
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (1)
  • Water in the 3rd Development Plan for Poverty
    Reduction
  • Clarify water sector scenario in DPPR (NWSSIP or
    MDG needs assessment)
  • Need to integrate mid-term expenditure framework
  • Information on status of plan
  • Clarify links and interdependencies with country
    and / or sector strategy documents / plans /
    papers of the various donors

19
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (2)
  • Impact of economic reform measures on water
    sector
  • Impact on agricultural cropping pattern and water
    demand management
  • Need for tariff increases/adjustments in water
    utilities
  • Impact on poverty in general and access of the
    poor to water in particular
  • Activities
  • PSIA in late 2005 (ready to go)
  • Groundwater incentive study starting 2005 (ready
    to go)
  • Household Budget Survey (ongoing)
  • Pro-poor tariff study (proposed)
  • Various waterconflict studies (need
    coordination)

20
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (3)
  • Water sector budget
  • Status of 2006 proposed budget and trend compared
    to 2004 and 2005
  • Clarify sub-sector budget allocation incl.
    recurrent expenditure
  • Clarity on water sector budget beyond MWE and
    related authorities (baseline for NWSSIP
    compliance monitoring)
  • Need for MTEF from all donors
  • Need for some predictability of local resources
    based on economic scenarios
  • Increase local cost sharing

21
NWSSIP and the way forward Sector Investment
Budget 2006 x YR 1000
Authority GoY Cost-sharing External Self-finance Total
MWE 327,000 327,000(1)
GARWSP 3,400,000 50,000 500,000 3,950,000(15)
EPA 164,000 164,000(1)
NWRA 60,196 154,800 925,000 1,139,995(4)
NWSA 2,296,000 104,000 346,000 2,746,000(11)
Sanaa LC 1,440,000 680,000 3,600,000 5,720,000(22)
Aden LC 1,300,000 200,000 1,240,000 200,000 2,940,000(11)
Taiz LC 1,347,000 23,000 95,000 1,465,000(6)
Hodeidah LC 478,000 276,000 1,045,000 144,000 1,943,000(7)
Mukalla LC 1,210,000 140,000 1,350,000(5)
Seyun LC 553,500 441,000 1,500,000 2,494,500(10)
Ibb LC 430,000 250,000 600,000 1,280,000(5)
Hajjah LC 300,000 300,000(1)
Al Bayda LC 354,000 11,000 365,000(1)
13,659,695 2,318,800 9,851,000 355,000 26,184,495(100)
22
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (4)
  • Important sub-sector issues
  • Finalize rural water strategy
  • Need for an urban water and sanitation strategy
  • Process for selection of towns for urban WS
    interventions
  • Regulatory framework for rural and urban water
    (what has been done and what needs to be
    achieved)
  • Regulator for urban water sanitation utilities
  • How to increase private sector participation
    (Sanaa LC management contract, Taiz LC technical
    assistance, Taiz LC desalination, Aden USP,
    other)

23
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (5)
  • Water resource scenario
  • Responsibility for irrigation water resource with
    NWRA needs political backing
  • Water savings what are the measures and what did
    we achieve?
  • Well licensing what are the enforcement
    measures?
  • How many monitoring wells are actually
    functioning?
  • Situation of basin water management plans (what
    support is needed?)
  • Need for fast actions in water stressed basins
    and in utilities which have run into supply
    crisis

24
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (6)
  • Program aid for the water sector (PAWS)
  • Need to increase aid effectiveness is common
    understanding and cast in many international
    agreements
  • Harmonize donor visions for potential SWAp in the
    water sector
  • Clarity on role of MoU as a framework agreement
    similar to NWSSIP Donor Support Declaration or
    its natural continuation
  • Need for a milestones approach which defines
    elements and roadmap for potential entry points
    for all donors
  • NWSSIP is guiding, but needs to be a dynamic
    process

25
NWSSIP and the way forward Key issues of ongoing
sector dialogue (7)
  • Water summit
  • No fund pledging event
  • What are GoY and donor expectations?
  • GoY and donors to discuss key policy issues in
    the sector dialogue (see above)
  • Decision on SWAp / PAWS milestones and roadmap
    expected (!)
  • Who is the driving force in GoY (MWE MoF MPIC)
    ?
  • Who is driving force among donors (donor group to
    give a clear mandate) ?
  • Define place, time and financial contributions
  • Define content, instruments and preparation needs

26
NWSSIP and the way forward
Part 3 Preparing for program aid
27
NWSSIP and the way forward Key components of an
effective SWAp and progress so far
DCG
participatory strategy formulation
donor sup-port decla-ration
donor coordinationmechanism
NWSSIP ME Unit
PIIS
NSG
Staff TA
EDG
Ind. Project targets
donor-GoY coordin. at sector level
benchmarks
Perform-ance mo- nitoring system
Stake-holder involve-ment
Development Partnership Group
NWSSIP Action Plans
Mid-term Results Framework
MoPIC Aid Harmon. Alignmt
Hub NWSSIP (Sector Policy)
Process f. dialogue consul- tation
Sector MTRF MTEF
Thematic Working Group
NWSSIP Inv. Program
MoPIC MP / MDG Unit
Mid-term Expenditure Framework
German MTEF
Funding arrange-ments
Harmo-nized systems
MoPIC PRS Unit
MP / MDG Needs Ass.
RWS
procurement system
Sub-sector working groups
IWRG
All donors MTEF
YGF
transparent budget
UWS
MoU Framework
Effective PFM system
PAWS agree- ment
Milestone concept
28
NWSSIP and the way forward Existing funding
arrangements
  • Investment budget NWRA 2005,
  • Spending categories
  • NWRAs 2005 activities
  • Local and external funds
  • Where is the money and the accountability?
  • Consequences of present funding arrangements
  • Program Aid approach.

29
Investment Budget NWRA 2005 Acquisition of fixed
capital assets
2.1.9. Wages and General Expenses
2.1.1. Buildings
2.1.8. Construction
2.1.2. Furniture Office Equipment
2.1.7. Maintenance
2.1.3. Transport
2.1.4. Equipment
2.1.5. Other acquisitions
2.1.6. Studies, project design
30
Mixed bag of own and project activities
Activity
Studies of water basins Sadah, Rada, Tihama
Capacity Building project - UNDP
Geo-Environmental Info project IWRM BGR
National Strategy for Water Legislation
National Hydrometeorological Network
Sadah Water management - KfW
Groundwater and Soil Conservation World Bank
Support and Organizing NWRA
31
Aid and cost sharing
Local
Foreign
Total
32
Where is the money and where is the
accountability?
GoY 100 m YR
Wages and general expenses 90 of budget
Donors 316 m YR
GoY accounts only for 52 m YR which is 12.5 of
total investment budget
33
  • Consequences of the project approach
  • Projects dominate over authentic program lines of
    NWRA that therefore cannot become visible
  • Distorted planning and budgeting
  • Limited accountability
  • Limited ownership
  • COCA only audits GoY contribution
  • MoF cannot oversee investment budget and only
    sees lots of Wages and General expenses
  • MoF therefore ties recurrent budget NWRA

34
  • PAWS-NWRA-2005
  • Capacity and Institution Building Component 1
  • Strategic Planning Component 2
  • Basin Level Water Governance and Co-management
    Component 3
  • Audits Component 4

35
NWSSIP and the way forward NWRA Annual Plan new
style
  • Component 1 Capacity and Institution Building
  • 1.1 Fully functional NWRA with professional
    image
  • 1.2 Strengthened mechanisms for improved sector
    coordination
  • 1.3 Improved capacities in water resource
    planning
  • Component 2 Strategic Planning
  • 2.1 Functional water monitoring network
  • 2.2 Occasional studies program
  • 2.3 National Water Resources Information System
  • 2.4 Water quality monitoring, assessment and
    control
  • Component 3 Basin Level water Governance and
    Co-Management
  • 3.1 Participatory finalization of BMWPs
  • 3.2 Implementation of currently prepared BWMPs
  • 3.3 Preparation of by-laws and water rights
    structure
  • 3.4 Enforcement of water legislation
  • 3.5 Strengthened community based structure/basin
    committees
  • 3.6 National Public Awareness Campaign
  • Component 4 Audits
  • 4.1 Financial Audit
  • 4.2 Value for Money Audit

36
NWSSIP and the way forward Discussions and
advances on PAWS MoU Framework (1)
  • Drive for change of RNE interventions in the
    sector discussed with MWE in February 2005
  • Feed back from other donors that their
    possibilities for earmarked sub-sector budget
    support (Virtual Fund) were limited
  • Elements of new approach worked out in
    March/April
  • First version of Program Aid Water Sector (PAWS
    MoU) in May 2005

37
NWSSIP and the way forward Discussions and
advances on PAWS MoU Framework(2)
  • Discussion of MoU with MWE, MPIC and MoF in
    May/June stalled in July for several reasons
  • 2005 Contribution to NWRA and GARWSP ( 4 m)
    approved in June in the modality as proposed in
    PAWS MoU (with some restrictions)
  • Germany and Netherlands discuss and introduce
    milestone approach in PAWS MoU in September 2005
  • World Bank develops T.O.R for SWAp approach study
    in September 2005.

38
NWSSIP and the way forward to Joint Programs
and Joint Financing Arrangements in the sector
  • Understand the PAWS MoU framework and the
    milestone process approach
  • Agreement on the process that describes clearly
    the steps, responsibilities, and a timeframe
    leading to
  • 1) the signing of the PAWS MoU by all
  • 2) the satisfaction of the donor requirements
    to join sector budget support.

39
NWSSIP and the way forward Guidance from the
meeting on
  • Sub-sector financing and priorities 2006
  • Donor coordination mechanisms
  • Coordinated WB CAS with Water as the lead issue
  • SWAp/PAWS MoU process
  • Water Summit
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